Indiana University Art Museum Provenance Project
Emil Nolde (German, 18671956)
Nudes and Eunuch (Keeper of the Harem), 1912
Oil on canvas
34 3/8 in. x 28 3/8 in. (87.3 x 72.1 cm)
Jane and Roger Wolcott Memorial, Gift of Thomas T. Solley, 76.70
ca. 1918Summer 1925, Collection of Herbert von Garvens-Garvensburg, Hannover, Germany
Summer 19251937, Staatliche Galerie Moritzburg, Halle, Germany (purchased from Garvens)
July 1937, Confiscated from Halle by Nazi officials and exhibited in the Entartete Kunst (Degenerate Art) Exhibition in Munich, JulyNovember 1937.
November 1937May 1939, Nazi possession, stored at an empty grain store at 24 Köpenickerstraße, Berlin, until August 1938; then transferred to Schloß Niederschönhausen, Berlin
May 1939, Purchased by Aage Vilstrup, Hellerup, Denmark. (Vilstrup, who was Noldes brother-in-law, ran a small art business and acted on Noldes behalf by purchasing eleven paintings directly from the Nazis from among the confiscated "degenerate" works).
19391970, Hans Lystrup, Copenhagen, Denmark, purchased Nudes and Eunuch from Vilstrup in 1939. Lystrups daughter Karen Marie Dinesen of Stubbekøbin, Denmark inherited the painting.
19701976, Collection of Harry C. Nail, Jr., San Francisco. (Nail purchased the painting from Dinesen in 1970).
1976, IU Art Museum purchase from the Collection of Harry C. Nail, Jr., San Francisco, with funds from Thomas T. Solley
dates unknown, Galerie Commeter, Hamburg, Germany (no. 1663)
November 430, 1912, "Kollektiv-Ausstellung von Emil Nolde," Der Neue Kunstsalon, Munich. (cat. no. 8)
May 30October 1, 1914, Erste Austellung, Neue Münchener Sezession, Munich. (cat. no. 126). Possibly sold through this exhibition.
1915, Emil Nolde exhibition, Kunstsalon Ludwig Schames, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (cat. no. 53)
January 22-February 1916, Emil Nolde exhibition, Galerie Arnold, Dresden
January 6February 6, 1918, "Emil Nolde XIII. Sonderausstellung," Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover (cat. no. 11)
1921, Moderne deutsche Malerei, Kunsthalle, Basel. (cat. no. 60)
May-June 1922, Emil Nolde exhibition, Galerie Garvens, Hannover
February-October 1927, Emil Nolde: Jubiläumsausstellung anläßlich seines 60. Geburtstages, Städtisches Kunstausstellungsgebäude, Dresden; Kunstverein, Hamburg; Kunsthalle, Kiel; Museum Folkwang, Essen; Nassauischer Kunstverein, Wiesbaden (cat. no. 30)
July 19November 30, 1937, Entartete Kunst, Archäologisches Institut, Munich. (cat. no. 15967)
1956, Emil Nolde Exhibition, Fyns Stiftsmuseum, Odense, Denmark. (cat. no. 9)
April 18-May 4, 1958, Emil Nolde exhibition, Schloß Charlottenborg, Louisiana, Copenhagen. (cat. no. 23)
1967, Emil Nolde exhibition, Nyköbing S., Anneberg, Denmark. (cat. no. 4)
February 10April 29, 1973, "Emil Nolde: Gemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik. Ausstellung des Wallraf-Richartz-Museums und der Stiftung Seebüll Ada und Emil Nolde." Kunsthalle Köln (cat. no. 45)
August 1, 1974December 10, 1975, on loan to San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, California.
October 23December 3, 1977, German and Austrian Expressionism, 19001920, Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington. (cat. no. 76)
March 7-August 17, 1980, "Ensor, Munch, Nolde," The Norman Art Gallery, University of Saskatchewan, Regina. Traveled to: The Glenbow Museum, Calgary, Alberta and The Winnipeg Art Gallery, Calgary, Alberta
November 12December 31, 1980, 20th Century Paintings, Sculptures, and Drawings from the collection of Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington, The Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago.
SeptemberNovember 1987, 50 Years AgoEurope on the Eve of World War II, Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf.
December 16, 1987February 9, 1988, "Emil Nolde," Württembergischer Kunstverein und Stiftung Seebüll, Stuttgart.
February 1991January 5, 1992, Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany, Los Angeles County Museum of Art; traveled to Art Institute of Chicago; International Gallery on the Mall, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.; Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf. (cat. no. 318)
September 4, 1999January 9, 2000, The XXth Centurya Century of Art in Germany, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin; Altes Museum; Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin, Germany.
September 23, 2008-May 24, 2009, "Emil Nolde, 1867-1956," Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris; Musée Fabre, Montpellier, France. (cat. no. 44)
October 6-December 23, 2012, "Pioneers and Exiles: German Expressionism at the Indiana University Art Museum," Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington (cat. no. 10)
Urban, Martin. Emil Nolde: Catalogue raisonné of the oil-paintings. London: For Sothebys Publications by Philip Wilson; New York: Harper & Row, 1987-1990. 2 vols. (Cat. no. 514)
Akte und Eunuch [Haremswächter]
Odalisker og eunuk (Danish title given in 1958 Charlottenborg catalogue)
Nudes and Eunuch was confiscated from the Staatliche Galerie Moritzburg in Halle, Germany during the summer of 1937 as part of the Nazi purge of modern art from German museums. Most of the so-called "degenerate" art confiscated at this time was taken with the complicity of Nazi-appointed museum directors. Today the works that survived the war are dispersed throughout art museums around the world.