Nudes and Eunuch (Keeper of the Harem)

Emil Nolde (German, 1867–1956)
Nudes and Eunuch (Keeper of the Harem), 1912

Oil on canvas
34 3/8 in. x 28 3/8 in. (87.3 x 72.1 cm)
Jane and Roger Wolcott Memorial, Gift of Thomas T. Solley, 76.70

Provenance

ca. 1918–Summer 1925, Collection of Herbert von Garvens-Garvensburg, Hannover, Germany

Summer 1925–1937, Staatliche Galerie Moritzburg, Halle, Germany (purchased from Garvens)

July 1937, Confiscated from Halle by Nazi officials and exhibited in the “Entartete Kunst” (“Degenerate Art”) Exhibition in Munich, July–November 1937.

November 1937–May 1939, Nazi possession, stored at an empty grain store at 24 Köpenickerstraße, Berlin, until August 1938; then transferred to Schloß Niederschönhausen, Berlin

May 1939, Purchased by Aage Vilstrup, Hellerup, Denmark. (Vilstrup, who was Nolde’s brother-in-law, ran a small art business and acted on Nolde’s behalf by purchasing eleven paintings directly from the Nazis from among the confiscated "degenerate" works).

1939–1970, Hans Lystrup, Copenhagen, Denmark, purchased Nudes and Eunuch from Vilstrup in 1939. Lystrup’s daughter Karen Marie Dinesen of Stubbekøbin, Denmark inherited the painting.

1970–1976, Collection of Harry C. Nail, Jr., San Francisco. (Nail purchased the painting from Dinesen in 1970).

1976, IU Art Museum purchase from the Collection of Harry C. Nail, Jr., San Francisco, with funds from Thomas T. Solley

Exhibitions

dates unknown, Galerie Commeter, Hamburg, Germany (no. 1663)

November 4–30, 1912, "Kollektiv-Ausstellung von Emil Nolde," Der Neue Kunstsalon, Munich. (cat. no. 8)

May 30–October 1, 1914, “Erste Austellung,” Neue Münchener Sezession, Munich. (cat. no. 126). Possibly sold through this exhibition.

1915, Emil Nolde exhibition, Kunstsalon Ludwig Schames, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (cat. no. 53)

January 22-February 1916, Emil Nolde exhibition, Galerie Arnold, Dresden

January 6–February 6, 1918, "Emil Nolde XIII. Sonderausstellung," Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover (cat. no. 11)

1921, “Moderne deutsche Malerei,” Kunsthalle, Basel. (cat. no. 60)

May-June 1922, Emil Nolde exhibition, Galerie Garvens, Hannover

February-October 1927, “Emil Nolde: Jubiläumsausstellung anläßlich seines 60. Geburtstages,” Städtisches Kunstausstellungsgebäude, Dresden; Kunstverein, Hamburg; Kunsthalle, Kiel; Museum Folkwang, Essen; Nassauischer Kunstverein, Wiesbaden (cat. no. 30)

July 19–November 30, 1937, “Entartete Kunst,” Archäologisches Institut, Munich. (cat. no. 15967)

1956, Emil Nolde Exhibition, Fyns Stiftsmuseum, Odense, Denmark. (cat. no. 9)

April 18-May 4, 1958, Emil Nolde exhibition, Schloß Charlottenborg, Louisiana, Copenhagen. (cat. no. 23)

1967, Emil Nolde exhibition, Nyköbing S., Anneberg, Denmark. (cat. no. 4)

February 10–April 29, 1973, "Emil Nolde: Gemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik. Ausstellung des Wallraf-Richartz-Museums und der Stiftung Seebüll Ada und Emil Nolde." Kunsthalle Köln (cat. no. 45)

August 1, 1974–December 10, 1975, on loan to San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, California.

October 23–December 3, 1977, “German and Austrian Expressionism, 1900–1920,” Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington. (cat. no. 76)

March 7-August 17, 1980, "Ensor, Munch, Nolde," The Norman Art Gallery, University of Saskatchewan, Regina. Traveled to: The Glenbow Museum, Calgary, Alberta and The Winnipeg Art Gallery, Calgary, Alberta

November 12–December 31, 1980, “20th Century Paintings, Sculptures, and Drawings from the collection of Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington,” The Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago.

September–November 1987, “50 Years Ago–Europe on the Eve of World War II,” Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf.

December 16, 1987–February 9, 1988, "Emil Nolde," Württembergischer Kunstverein und Stiftung Seebüll, Stuttgart.

February 1991–January 5, 1992, “Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany,” Los Angeles County Museum of Art; traveled to Art Institute of Chicago; International Gallery on the Mall, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.; Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf. (cat. no. 318)

September 4, 1999–January 9, 2000, “The XXth Century—a Century of Art in Germany,” Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin; Altes Museum; Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin, Germany.

September 23, 2008-May 24, 2009, "Emil Nolde, 1867-1956," Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris; Musée Fabre, Montpellier, France. (cat. no. 44)

October 6-December 23, 2012, "Pioneers and Exiles: German Expressionism at the Indiana University Art Museum," Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington (cat. no. 10)

Catalogue Raisonné

Urban, Martin. Emil Nolde: Catalogue raisonné of the oil-paintings. London: For Sotheby’s Publications by Philip Wilson; New York: Harper & Row, 1987-1990. 2 vols. (Cat. no. 514)

Alternate Titles

Akte und Eunuch [Haremswächter]

Haremswächter,

Odalisker og eunuk (Danish title given in 1958 Charlottenborg catalogue)

Remarks

Nudes and Eunuch was confiscated from the Staatliche Galerie Moritzburg in Halle, Germany during the summer of 1937 as part of the Nazi purge of modern art from German museums. Most of the so-called "degenerate" art confiscated at this time was taken with the complicity of Nazi-appointed museum directors. Today the works that survived the war are dispersed throughout art museums around the world.