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Indiana University Bloomington
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ANAT-A 480/580 Human Anatomy for Medical Imaging Evaluation

Credit hours: 3

This 400/500 level course provides a systematic study of human anatomy, and focuses on that anatomy examined with medical imaging.  Lecture presentation begins with an introduction of anatomical terminology, a brief overview of all organ systems, and a summary of the common medical imaging techniques.   Students will focus primarily on the gross anatomy of the following systems:  skeletal, cardiovascular, respiratory, nervous, digestive, urinary and reproductive.  Students will examine and analyze medical imaging of these organ systems and be able to identify important anatomical features on these images.  The laboratory component of the course parallels and reinforces lecture concepts through the use of models, skeletal materials, and computerized/digital medical imaging examples. 

Laboratory:
The lab portion of this course will be held in the Anatomy A215 lab, located in Room 122 in the Classroom Building on West Third Street.  Labs will be held every Friday, unless noted otherwise by the Course Director.  In lab, we will examine 3D models, skeletons, and prosected donors.  We also will have access to computers, where we will be able to use the online version of Anatomy and Physiology Revealed. 

Prerequisites:

  • None

Course Objectives:
As you participate in this course, you will:

  1. explain and differentiate most human body systems,
  2. recognize the wide range of ‘normal’ (e.g., variation) in anatomy
  3. Implement your newfound anatomical knowledge in interpreting a variety of medical images,
  4. Critique and appraise which medical imaging technique is most suitable in a given diagnostic situation.

LEARNING GOAL

CORE COMPETENCY (to attain the course goal, students will need to be able to):

Explain and differentiate most major body systems:

 

  • Identify major anatomical features relevant to each body system on bones, cadavers, 3D models, and virtual anatomy software
  • Compare and contrast the functions of each body system
  •  Describe how these major body systems interact with one another

Recognize the wide range of “normal” (e.g., variation) in anatomy

 

  • Compare how this variation may be individual-specific and/or population-specific
  • Assess when variation may affect diagnostic and treatment protocols

Implement your newfound anatomical knowledge in interpreting a variety of medical images

  • Identify key anatomic features on a medical image
  • Recognize when a feature is merely a variant or pathological

Critique and appraise which medical imaging technique is most suitable in a given diagnostic situation

  • Compare and contrast different medical imaging techniques with respect to:
    • Cost of technique
    • Availability at an institution
    • Potential indications and contraindications for using this technique to diagnose a condition
  • Describe the anatomic features that may be affected by the symptoms described.

 

Required Textbooks:
1.  McKinley, Michael and O’Loughlin, Valerie Dean (2008) Human Anatomy, 2nd edition.  Dubuque, IA:  McGraw-Hill Publishing.

2.  University of Toledo.  Anatomy and Physiology Revealed, 2.0.  Dubuque, IA:  McGraw-Hill Publishing.  (The online access purchase is shrink wrapped with the textbook.  Alternatively, you can go to www.aprevealed.com to purchase access)

3.  Weber, Edward C., Vilensky, Joel A, and Carmichael, Stephen W. (2009) Netter’s Concise Radiologic Anatomy.  Philadelphia, PA:  Saunders/Elsevier Publishing.

Assessment:
Students will be assessed in a variety of ways:

  1. Four (4) Anatomy lecture exams, worth 100 points each (for a total of 400 points).  These exams will be primarily multiple choice format and will test the students on the anatomical systems covered in the course.  Images from the Anatomy and Physiology Revealed program and other medical images may be used, in addition to images from your texts.
  2. Quiz – I.D. the medical imaging method, worth 25 points.  This short quiz will include a variety of medical images, as well as some short answer and multiple choice questions about the various medical imaging techniques.  Students will be identifying the medical imaging method (as opposed to identifying the anatomical structures in each image).
  3. Aunt Minnie’s Case of the Day - 5 points each week for a total of 75 points.  Aunt Minnie is a radiological site that offers a pop quiz and/or Case of the Day every day of the business week.  I will be assigning one case per week and it is up to you to go through the mini case and answer the questions associated with the case.  You will need to turn in a page that provides me with a brief summary of the patient problem, and your answers to the quiz questions.  Your grade is solely based on you participating in the quiz, and NOT whether your quiz answers are right or wrong.
  4. Two (2) individual clinical vignettes and two (2) group clinical vignettes, worth 25 points each (for a total of  100  points).   The clinical vignette is a case study – you will be given a write-up about a patient that comes to your “office” and presents with a range of symptoms.  It will be up to you to determine a list of differential diagnoses, determine a medical imaging method that would be appropriate to use on the patient, analyze the medical imaging, and make a diagnosis.  
  5. One group case study, worth 200 points (100 points for the individual effort, and 100 points for the group as a whole).   Each group will be given a hypothetical patient with a list of symptoms and differential diagnoses.  Each member of the team will select 1 imaging technique and write up a justification for using this technique.  Once each team member has written his/her individual report, the team meets again and will decide on a single imaging technique that they will use for their patient.  Once this imaging technique is chosen, I will provide the team with medical images for the group to identify and describe.  The team will then submit a final, combined report that includes the individual reports, the reasoning behind their selection of the single imaging technique, the identified medical images, and if they feel other information is needed to adequately treat the patient.

ANAT-A 580 requirements compared with ANAT-A 480 requirements:
Students enrolled in Anatomy A580 will be required to complete the following additional assessments:

  1. Research on an Anatomical Variation and an Article critique (50 points) :  The Student must obtain an article from a peer-reviewed science/medical journal (e.g., JAMA, Anatomical Record, New England Journal of Medicine, Cardiovascular Imaging, etc.) that discusses an anatomic variation and the implications of this variation when utilizing medical imaging and diagnosing and ailment.  The student must provide a summary of the article, and the implications of this variation in treating a patient.  The student also must provide a 1-2 page description of the anatomic variation, the normal anatomy, and the incidence of the variation among different populations.
  2. Presentation of the anatomical variation to the class (50 points):  Once the student has turned in their article critique and research to me, we will schedule a time when the student presents his/her information to the class.  The student is expected to prepare a brief (5-10 minute) PowerPoint presentation that illustrates the normal anatomy, shows the range of variations, discusses the frequency among different populations, and discusses the implications of this variation in medical imaging and patient treatment.