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Contributors and Acknowledgments

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Within each entry in this contributor listing, you will find hyperlinks to the chapter, country, and/or
section(s) to which the individual contributed.

Chapter URL:    Retrieved: 

[Note from the CCIES Website Editor:  Please send any additions, corrections, or updated information to:  Raymond J. Noonan, Ph.D.]

The Editors

ROBERT T. FRANCOEUR, M.A., M.S., Ph.D. Trained in embryology, evolution, theology, and the humanities, Dr. Francoeur’s main work has been to synthesize and integrate the findings of primary sexological researchers. He is the author of 22 books, contributor to 78 textbooks, handbooks, and encyclopedias, author of 58 technical papers on various aspects of sexuality, and editor-in-chief of The Complete Dictionary of Sexology (1991, 1995). A Fellow of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality, he is professor emeritus of human sexuality at Fairleigh Dickinson University, Madison, New Jersey, USA. In 2003, Dr. Francoeur joined the National Advisory Council for implementation of the former U.S. Surgeon General David Satcher’s Call to Action to Promote Sexual Health and Responsible Sexual Behavior 2001. 4310 Cleveland Lane, Rockaway, NJ 07866-5811 USA; [Dr. Francoeur contributed the Demographics and a Brief Historical Perspective sections to almost all countries, as well as major sections in the following countries: China, France, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, and South Korea, with additional links to his contributions to the U.S.A. chapter in this section. He also wrote the Foreword, contributed to the Last-Minute Developments chapter (all items from India through Turkey), compiled the International Directory of Sexological Organizations, and coauthored with Dr. Raymond J. Noonan the Editors’ conclusion, Global Trends: Some Final Impressions. He recently authored the chapter, “Catholic Culture and Sexuality,” originally published in the Encyclopedia of Sexual Health, but available among the many works at the The Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology at Humboldt University in Berlin. They also house the archive of the first four volumes of the International Encyclopedia of Sexuality (1997, 2001).]

RAYMOND J. NOONAN, Ph.D., is an assistant professor of human sexuality and health education, and chairperson of the Health and Physical Education Department at the Fashion Institute of Technology of the State University of New York (FIT-SUNY) in Manhattan. Dr. Noonan has written and presented on sexuality in the environment of space, sexuality and the Internet, philosophy and sex, heterophobia and sex negativity in American culture, and sexual expression in musical lyrics. He was coeditor of Does Anyone Still Remember When Sex Was Fun? Positive Sexuality in the Age of AIDS (3rd ed., 1996). He also produces, providing educational consulting in human sexuality and educational content for the World Wide Web. Health and Physical Education Department, FIT-SUNY, 27th Street and 7th Avenue, New York, NY 10001 USA; 212-217-7460; [More brief biographical information is in this section at his chapter on Outer Space and Antarctica; links to his contributions to the U.S.A. chapter are in this section. Dr. Noonan also contributed to the Brazil chapter, coauthored with Dr. Robert T. Francoeur the Editors’ conclusion, Global Trends: Some Final Impressions, contributed to the Last-Minute Developments chapter (item on Australia), and assisted in translating the Morocco chapter. He recently authored the chapter, “The Psychology of Sex: A Mirror from the Internet,” in Jayne Gackenbach’s groundbreaking book, Psychology and the Internet: Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, and Transpersonal Implications (2nd ed., 2007), due from Elsevier/Academic Press in the fall of 2006. And although he continues to teach in the Health and Physical Education Department at FIT-SUNY, he no longer chairs the department.]

Associate Editors

Africa: BELDINA OPIYO-OMOLO, B.Sc., is a graduate student in the Master of Public Health program at East Stroudsburg University in Pennsylvania, USA, and a member of the Luo people of Kenya. Ms. Opiyo-Omolo provided extensive network connections with Africans dealing with sexuality and contributed major updates and comments on Kenya, Nigeria, Ghana, Tanzania, and other subequatorial African nations. bopiyo @

Europe: JAKOB PASTOETTER, Ph.D., is former Deputy Director of the Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology at Humboldt University (Berlin), and a member of the Governing Board of the German Society for Social Scientific Sexuality Research, Dr. Pastoetter authored the chapter on Vietnam, updated the chapter on Germany, and personally recruited several key European and African chapters for the Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality (CCIES). Duenzelbach 10, 82272 Moorenweis, Germany; jmpastoetter @ [More brief biographical information at his listing in this section at his chapter on Vietnam.]

Latin America: LUCIANE RAIBIN, M.S. A native of Brazil, Raibin earned a B.S. and M.S. degree in biology at Fairleigh Dickinson University, Madison, New Jersey, while studying human sexuality with the IES/CCIES Editor. As associate editor, she facilitated correspondence with contributors in Colombia, Cuba, and other Latin American countries, provided updates for Brazil, and assisted with translations. 315 South Avenue, Garwood, NJ 07027 USA; L.Raibin @

Information Resources: TIMOTHY PERPER, Ph.D. Besides writing the Preface for IES/CCIES and a major discussion on Japanese manga for CCIES, Dr. Perper provided invaluable advice and helpful discussion on sensitive issues. Dr. Perper is author of Sex Signals: The Biology of Love, coeditor of The Complete Dictionary of Sexology, and coauthor with his wife, Martha Cornog, of several major texts on sexuality. 717 Pemberton, Philadelphia, PA 19147 USA; perpcorn @ [More brief biographical information at Preface in this section. In addition to the section on manga with Martha Cornog in Japan noted above, Dr. Perper also contributed commentary to the France chapter and a brief conclusion in the China chapter.]

Information Resources: MARTHA CORNOG, M.A., M.S., is a linguist and librarian. Ms. Cornog was a reliable source of advice and information for IES and CCIES. She is coauthor with her husband, Timothy Perper, of the award-winning For Sex Information: See Librarian, coeditor of The Complete Dictionary of Sexology, and editor of The Big Book of Masturbation from Angst to Zeal. 717 Pemberton, Philadelphia, PA 19147 USA; perpcorn @ [Ms. Cornog also contributed to the U.S.A. chapter, as well as the joint section on Japanese manga with Dr. Perper.]

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Authors of Individual Chapters

Preface   |  Introduction   |  Argentina   |  Australia   |  Austria   |  Bahrain   |  Botswana   |  Brazil
Bulgaria   |  Canada   |  China   |  Colombia   |  Costa Rica   |  Croatia   |  Cuba   |  Cyprus (Greek)
Cyprus (Turkish)   |  Czech Republic   |  Denmark   |  Egypt   |  Estonia   |  Finland   |  France
French Polynesia   |  Germany   |  Ghana   |  Greece   |  Hong Kong   |  Iceland   |  India   |  Indonesia
Iran   |  Ireland   |  Israel   |  Italy   |  Japan   |  Kenya   |  Mexico   |  Morocco   |  Nepal
Netherlands   |  Nigeria   |  Norway   |  Outer Space and Antarctica   |  Papua New Guinea
Philippines   |  Poland   |  Portugal   |  Puerto Rico   |  Russia   |  South Africa   |  South Korea
Spain   |  Sri Lanka   |  Sweden   |  Switzerland   |  Tanzania   |  Thailand   |  Turkey   |  Ukraine
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland   |  United States of America   |  Vietnam

Preface:  Up to Chapter Selection

TIMOTHY PERPER, Ph.D. is a Philadelphia-based independent sex researcher and writer, behavioral biologist, expert on human courtship and flirtation behaviors, author of Sex Signals: The Biology of Love (1985), coauthor of For Sex Education, See Librarian (1996), author of numerous professional articles on human sexual behavior, an elected fellow of the American Anthropological Association, and coauthor of a Sexuality and Culture monograph, Eroticism for the Masses: Japanese Manga Comics and their Assimilation into the U.S. 717 Pemberton, Philadelphia, PA 19147; perpcorn @ [More brief biographical information at his listing in the Associate Editors section.]

Introduction:  Up to Chapter Selection

IRA L. REISS, Ph.D. Professor of sociology at the University of Minnesota, Dr. Reiss is former president of the International Academy of Sex Research, the National Council on Family Relations, and the Society for the Scientific Study of Sex, recipient of the 1990 Kinsey Award for Distinguished Scientific Achievement, and author of eleven books and more than a hundred professional articles. His latest books are Journey into Sexuality: An Exploratory Voyage, An End to Shame: Shaping Our Next Sexual Revolution, and Solving Sexual Crises: Rape, AIDS, Child Sexual Abuse, Teen Pregnancy. 5932 Medicine Lake Road, Minneapolis, MN 55422 USA; reiss001 @

Argentina:  Up to Chapter Selection

SOPHIA KAMENETZKY, M.D. A native of Argentina, Dr. Kamenetzky has dedicated herself to increasing the sexual knowledge of women and organizing sexual education courses. Postgraduate studies in France and study visits to African, Asian, and Latin American countries provided her with an understanding of the roles and problems of women in different societies. Former medical advisor and director of public relations with Latin American Universities for the Population Information Program (at George Washington University, Washington, DC), she facilitates seminars on sexuality and the role of emotions in the health of the immune system. P.O. Box 352530, Palm Coast, FL 32135-2530 USA; mkamen @ [Dr. Kamenetzky also contributed an additional item to the Last-Minute Developments chapter.]

Australia:  Up to Chapter Selection

ROSEMARY COATES, Ph.D. Inaugural president and Honorary Life Member for the Western Australia Sexology Society, Dr. Coates is an associate professor of physiotherapy in the Division of Health Sciences at Curtin University, Western Australia, and vice-president of the Family Planning Association of Western Australia. She is author of Sexual Awareness Manual, Teacher’s Survival Manual, and comparative studies of sexual knowledge, attitudes, and behavior among college-aged people. Curtin University, Shelby Street, Shenton Park, Western Australia 6008, Australia; icoatesr @

Updates: TONY WILLMETT, R.E., M.A., Ph.D., a member of the Faculty of Education, Australian Catholic University National and consultant in the area of human relationships education, he is author of Catholic Schools Australian Landscapes: Resources for Creating Distinctive Catholic Schools and Relationships and Sexuality. School of Religious Education, Australian Catholic University National, McAuley at Banyo Campus, P.O. Box 456, Virginia. Queensland 4014, Australia; t.willmett @

Austria:  Up to Chapter Selection

DR. ROTRAUD PERNER, L.L.D. Founder and director of the Training Program for Sexual and Social Life Counselors (GAMED), Vienna Academy for Holistic Medicine, and director of the training program for sexual and social counselors at the Verein fuer Prophylaktisches Gesundheitsarbeit (Association for Prophylactic Health Work), Linz, Dr. Perner holds diplomas in psychoanalysis and systematic sexual therapy plus five other psychotherapeutic-related diplomas. She is currently first chairperson of the Austrian Society for Sexology and a member of the University of Vienna Department of Education. 8633 Weichselboden 20, Stmk. 1013 Wien, Postfach 23, Austria; rotraud.a.perner @

Updates: LINDA BRAILOVE KNEUCKER, a family and sexual counselor activist for the rights of children and the reduction of child sexual abuse, provided translation, redaction, and updates for the Austrian chapter. kneucker @ RAOUL KNEUCKER, retired science administrator of the Austrian federal government, now works on a new program for public understanding of science. Raoul.Kneucker @ MARTIN VORACEK, Ph.D., M.Sc. Univ.-Klinik für Tiefenpsychologie und Psychotherapie AKH/Währinger Gürtel 18-20, A-1090 Wien, Austria. martin.voracek @

Bahrain:  Up to Chapter Selection

JULANNE MCCARTHY, M.A., M.S.N., holds a Master’s degree in anthropology from Indiana University (Bloomington campus), and a Master’s degree in adult health nursing (University of Illinois-Urbana). After nine years working in a Bahrain hospital, she researched and wrote the Bahrain chapter with insights and observations provided by twenty Bahraini professionals and eight expatriates in a variety of disciplines, as well as with anecdotal insights from personal contacts and local popular print media.

Botswana:  Up to Chapter Selection

GODISANG MOOKODI is a lecturer in the Development, Gender, and Families in the Department of Sociology, University of Botswana.

OLEOSI NTSHEBE is a postgraduate student at the University of Botswana, conducting research on the sexual health of the Basarwa.

IAN TAYLOR, Ph.D., is a lecturer in African politics in the Department of Political and Administrative Studies, University of Botswana. Department of Political & Administrative Studies. University of Botswana, Private Bag 00705, Gaborone, Botswana; tayloric @

Brazil:  Up to Chapter Selection

SÉRGIO LUIZ GONÇALVES DE FREITAS, M.D. President of Associação Brasileira de Sexologia (AB-SEX), Scientific Director of the Sociedade Brasileira de Estudos da Impotencia Sexual, Dr. Freitas has also organized three National Sexological Conferences in Brazil and the First Pan-American Congress of Sexology in 1986. A gynecologist and surgeon, he has served 22 years in the National Institute of Public Health (INSS), where he founded the Department of Sexology in 1986 and The Journal of Sexology. Associação Brasileira de Sexologia, Rua Tamandare 693-Conj 77 01525-001, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

LOURENÇO STÉLIO REGA, M.Th. Professor Rega’s research interest is in the anthropological perspectives of sexual ethics. Author of Perspectiva Crista do Sexo (1990) and Libertação e Sexualidade, uma Abalise (1991), he is a professor of sexual and medical ethics and Dean of the Baptist Theological Faculty of São Paulo.

ELÍ FERNANDES DE OLIVEIRA. Eli Fernandes combines his theological and psychological training as a counselor working with couples, children, and homosexuals. He is president of the São Paulo Baptist Convention and pastor of the Baptist Church of Liberty in São Paulo.

Updates: LUCIANE RAIBIN, M.S., and RAYMOND J. NOONAN, Ph.D. (see listings above, Associate Editors and Editor), and Dra. SANDRA ALMEIDA, who is a Brazilian lawyer and women’s rights advocate currently living in New York.

Bulgaria:  Up to Chapter Selection

MICHAIL ALEXANDROV OKOLIYSKI, Ph.D. With a doctorate in rehabilitation science (from Humboldt University, Berlin), Dr. Okoliyski helped organize and presented at a wide variety of European and Bulgarian conferences and programs. His main interests include AIDS prevention and epidemiology in Bulgaria, gathering data on Bulgarian sexual behavior, and prostitution and sex tourism in Bulgaria. In 1994, he cofounded the Human Sexuality Research Foundation. National Center of Public Health, Sophia, Bulgaria; mental @

PETKO VELICHKOV, M.D., has done some research and mostly clinical work in sexuality, offering postgraduate training for medical specialists and an elective/optional course for medical students in the field of human sexuality. In 1994, Dr. Velichkov cofounded the Human Sexuality Research Foundation in Sofia; he has been the Foundation’s executive director since then. Human Sexuality Research Foundation, 16, Kosta Lulchev Str. bl. 244, Sofia 11113, Bulgaria; sexology @;

Canada:  Up to Chapter Selection

MICHAEL BARRETT, Ph.D. Professor of zoology at the University of Toronto in Ontario, Canada, Dr. Barrett is Chairperson of SIECCAN, the Sex Information and Education Council of Canada, and the author of Population and Canada. He has also published studies on sexual experience, birth control usage, sex education, and abortion in Canada. University of Toronto, Zoology Department, 25 Harboard Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 3G5, Canada; barrett @ [Dr. Barrett also contributed an additional item to the Last-Minute Developments chapter.]

ALAN KING, Ph.D., is director of the Social Policy Evaluation Group at Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

JOSEPH LEVY, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Sexology at the University of Quebec at Montreal and a leading expert on sexuality among the French-speaking peoples of the Quebec Province. Levy.joseph_josy @

ELEANOR MATICKA-TYNDALE, Ph.D., is a member of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Windsor in Ontario, Canada.

ALEX MCKAY, Ph.D., is Research Coordinator for the Sex Information and Education Council of Canada.

JULIE FRASER, Ph.D., is a postdoctoral Fellow in Social Justice and Sexual Health at the University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada; fraser1 @ [Dr. Fraser also contributed an additional item to the Last-Minute Developments chapter.]

China:  Up to Chapter Selection

FANG-FU RUAN. A physician and medical historian, Dr. Fang-fu Ruan taught at the Beijing Medical University until 1985. Editor and major author of Xingzhishi Shiuce [Guide to Sexuality] (1985) prepared for the People’s Republic of China, he has also written Sex in China: Studies in Sexology in Chinese Culture (1991). He has also published on sex education, transsexualism, sexual repression, and gender orientations in China in professional journals. A visiting professor at several American universities, Dr. Ruan is chairperson of the department of Oriental Studies at the Institute for the Advanced Study of Human Sexuality in San Francisco, and professor and Dean of Instruction at the Academy of Chinese Culture and Health Sciences in Oakland, California. P.O. Box 70571, Oakland, CA 94612-0571 USA; or 1130 3rd Ave., Apt 903; Oakland, CA 94606 USA; ruanff @

M. P. LAU, M.D. A psychiatrist, Dr. Lau lived in Hong Kong for 30 years before moving to Canada, where he has lived for the past three decades while maintaining close ties with colleagues in China. The author of a major analysis, included in this Encyclopedia chapter, of the nationwide survey conducted in China by Professor Liu Dalin, Dr. Lau teaches in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto in Ontario, Canada, and is an active member of the Culture, Community, and Health Program at Toronto’s Clarke Institute of Psychiatry, 164 Nipigon Ave., Willowdale, Ont. M2M 2W4 Canada; kay_ewok @

Colombia:  Up to Chapter Selection

JOSÉ MANUEL GONZÁLEZ Ph.D., is director of Revista Latinoamericana de Sexologia, Graduate Director for Sexual Education (Simón Bolivar University) and Director of the González Clinique in Barranquilla, Colombia. With his doctorate from the University of Habana (Cuba) in 2000, he is the author of Educacion de la Sexualidad (Barranquilla: Club del Libro, 1994). Apartao Aereo 1190, Barranquilla, Colombia; jmgonzalez @

RUBÉN ARDILA, Ph.D., a practicing psychologist, is director of the Revista Latinoamericana de Psicologia, president of the Fundacion para el Avance de la Psicologia, a professor and researcher at the National University of Colombia, and author of various books on human behavior

PEDRO GUERRERO, M.D., a psychiatrist and sexual therapist, is director of the National Project of Sexual Education in the Colombian National Ministry of Education. He is the author of various books on human sexuality.

GLORIA PENAGOS, M.D., a gynecologist and sexual educator, teaches and does research at the University of Antioquia. She is also a member of the board of directors of the Colombian Society of Sexologists.

BERNARD USECHE, Ph.D., is a psychologist, sexual therapist, director of the graduate program in sexual education at the University of Caldas, and author of various investigations and books about human sexuality.

Costa Rica:  Up to Chapter Selection

ANNA ARROBA earned a M.A. degree in anthropology and is working on her doctorate. She is currently director of Association de Mujeres en Salud (AMES), a NGO women’s service agency in Costa Rica, and teaches at the University of Costa Rica. Her short article on “A New View of Women’s Sexuality: The Case of Costa Rica” in Kaschak and Tiefer’s A New View of Women’s Sexual Problems (2001), led to her chapter in CCIES. She is currently working on The History and Politics of the Body, a historical and anthropological perspective on the negative ways women’s bodies have been defamed and controlled. Apt 538-2050, San Pedro Montes de Oca, Costa Rica. aarroba @ or ames @

Research assistance by LAURA FUENTES BELGRAVE, B.A., currently working on a master’s degree in sociology.

Croatia:  Up to Chapter Selection

ALEKSANDAR ŠTULHOFER, Ph.D., associate professor of sociology at the University of Zagreb, introduced the first university-level course on human sexuality in Croatia in 1996. He has written extensively on adolescent sexuality, sex education, female sexuality, and sexual dysfunctions. His latest book is Trafficking in Women and Children for Sexual Exploitation (2001). He was the host of Intimate Conversations, a radio sex-counseling show (Family Radio, 2000-2001), and is currently author/host of a public TV show (Shape of Things), which frequently covers sexuality topics. University of Zagreb, Sociology Department, Faculty of Philosophy, I. Lucica 3, 10,000 Zagreb, Croatia; astulhof @

GORDAN BOSANAC. A physicist at the R. Boskovic Institute, he also teaches a course on culture, technology, and communications at the Peace Studies in Zagreb.

GORDANA BULJAN-FLANDER, Ph.D., is a psychologist/psychotherapist at Psychotrauma Center, Children’s Hospital Zagreb, since 1981, coordinator, educator, and supervisor on the Prevention and Intervention in the Field of Child Abuse project, and head of the hotline for abused and neglected children. She also provides clinical training for the Department of Psychology and Medical School for Nurses (University of Zagreb), and lectures at postgraduate studies in domestic violence at the Police Academy.

VLASTA HIRŠL-HEĆEJ, M.D., M.A., is consultant epidemiologist, the Head of the Department of Reproductive Health, and Chief of the Division of Epidemiology and Health Statistics in Children’s Hospital Zagreb, University of Zagreb Medical School. She has published over 30 scientific and professional papers on health problems of children and adolescents, reproductive health and family planning in Croatia, sexual behavior, and sex education. In the past decade, she has authored several publications for Croatian adolescents about responsible sexuality.

PETRA HOBLAJ is young researcher at the Institute for Social Research (IDIZ, Zagreb) with research interest in the history of school-based sex education initiatives in Croatia.

IVANKA IVKANEC, B.A., works as an expert adviser with the Museum of Ethnology in Zagreb, where she has organized 18 exhibitions, two of which explored sexual mores and relevant folk traditions in Croatia. Her work has been the inspiration for a documentary TV sequel titled Folk Intimacy.

ANA KARLOVIĆ is a psychologist, co-coordinator of the NGO Brave Phone, a hotline for abused and neglected children. She is a member of the multidisciplinary team in Psychotrauma Center, which offers counseling and individual and group therapy of abused and/or neglected children and families with related problems, and the author of several brochures and leaflets on child abuse and neglect.

ALEKSANDRA KORAĆ, Ph.D., assistant professor of family law at the Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb, is a member of the working committee of the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare for the Proposal of the Family Act (enacted in 1999), a member of the working committee of the Ministry of Health for the proposal of the laws concerning human procreation (assisted procreation, abortion, sterilization, and educational measurements), and a member of the working group of the Government of the Republic of Croatia for the implementation of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1996-1998).

MAJA MAMULA, M.A., has been coordinator of the Women’s Center Against Sexual Violence, a counselor, trainer, and supervisor of women’s groups and SOS lines, and a representative of governmental institutions on the issues of sexual violence against women. Presently, she lectures on women, violence, and security at the Center for Women’s Studies and on the psychology of sexuality at the Croatian Studies, University of Zagreb. She has authored several brochures and manuals on issues of violence against women.

JADRANKA MIMICA is clinical psychologist at UNAIDS Focal Point for Croatia. Her particular interests are in the area of behavioral studies, as well as in facilitating social mobilization to decrease risks associated with drug use and unsafe sexual practices.

ŽELJKO MRKŠIĆ studied sociology and works as a publisher and NGO activist.

SANJA SAGASTA, a graduate student at the University of Zagreb, Department of Croatian Language and Literature, is a poet and cofounder of numerous lesbian projects and initiatives in Croatia.

HRVOJE TILJAK, M.D., Ph.D., trained in general practice/family medicine at the University of Zagreb and University of Antwerp (Belgium), lectures at the Department of Family Medicine, University of Zagreb Medical School. In 1996, he was one of the organizers of the continuing medical education course Sexual Problems in Family Practice, the first of its kind at the University of Zagreb Medical School.

Cuba:  Up to Chapter Selection

MARIELA CASTRO ESPÍN, B.Ed., M.Sc., is director of Cuba’s National Center of Sex Education (CENESEX), chairwoman of the Cuban Multidisciplinary Society for the Study of Sexuality, director of the magazine Sexología y Sociedad, and a member of CENESEX’s Scientific Board. President of the 16th World Congress of Sexology, Havana, April 2003, she is also assistant professor at the Pedagogic University of Havana, associate professor at the Medical University of Havana (1999), president of Sexology and Sexual Education Chair, president of the Sociedad Cubana Multidisciplinaria de Estudios de la Sexualidad, and author of several books, educational programs, and scientific articles in national and international magazines. CENESEX—Centro Nacional de Education Sexual, Calle 10 #46 esq. 21, Vedado, Ciudad de la Habana, Cuba; cenesex @

MARÍA DOLORES CÓRDOVA LLORCA, Ph.D., is a permanent professor of the National School of Public Health and the National Center of Sexual Education (CENESEX), secretary of the Scientific Council of CENESEX, vice-director of CENESEX, and vice president of Sexology and Sexual Education. She has taught and been an advisor at universities in Spain, Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, México, and Perú, and is the author of different articles published in national and international magazines. Subdirectora de Investigationes, CENESEX, Calle 10 #46 esq. 21, Vedado, Ciudad de la Habana, Cuba; cenesex @

Other contributors to the Cuba chapter are: ALICIA GÓNZALEZ HERNÁNDEZ, Ph.D. (Pedagogy, ISPEJV); BEATRIZ CASTELLANOS SIMONS, Ph.D. (Pedagogy); NATIVIDAD GUERRERO BORREGO, Ph.D. (Psychology, Head of the Center for Youth Studies, CESJ); EDDY ABREU GUERRA, Ph.D. (Psychology, CENESEX); BEATRIZ TORRES RODRÍGUEZ, Ph.D. (Psychology, CENESEX); CARIDAD T. GARCÍA ÁLVAREZ, M.Sci. (Social research, INEN); ADA ALFONSO RODRÍGUEZ, Dra. Med., M.Sc. (Sexual pedagogy, CENESEX); MARICEL REBOLLAR SÁNCHEZ, M.Sc. (Education); OSCAR DÍAZ NORIEGA, Dr. Med., M.Sc. (Sexual pedagogy); JORGE RENATO IBARRA GUITART, Dr. Hist. Sci. (Assistant Researcher, Institute of Cuban History); SONIA JIMÉNEZ BERRIOS, Lic. (Journalist, sociologist, and assistant researcher, Center for Psychological and Sociological Research of the Ministry of Science, Technology, and the Environment); GLORIA MARÍA ANTONIA TORRES CUETO, Dra. (Pedagogy, Director of School Health of the Ministry of Education); DAIMELIS MONZÓN WAT (Psychologist); JORGE PELÁEZ MENDOZA, Dr. Med. (Second degree specialist, Chairman of the National Commission on Infantile and Juvenile Gynecology of the Mother Child Division, Ministry of Public Health); MAYRA RODRÍGUEZ LAUZERIQUE, M.Sc. (Sexuality, CENESEX); OFELIA BRAVO FERNÁNDEZ, M.Sc. (Sexuality, CENESEX); LAUREN BARDISA ESCURRA, Dr. Med.; MIGUEL SOSA MARÍN, Dr. Med. (Cuban Society for Family Development, SOCUDEF); ROSAIDA OCHOA SOTO, Dr. Med. (National Center for Prevention and Control of STI and HIV-AIDS); LEONARDO CHACÓN ASUSTA (Psychologist); and MIRHA CUCCO GARCÍA, Dra. (Director of the “Marie Langera” Community Center, Madrid, Spain).

Cyprus, Greek:  Up to Chapter Selection

GEORGE JOHN GEORGIOU, Ph.D., the only certified sexologist on the island of Cyprus, is director of the Natural Therapy Center in Larnaca. Educated at Oxford (U.K.) and Surrey (U.K.) in clinical psychology, he earned a doctorate in clinical sexology from the Institute for the Advanced Study of Human Sexuality in San Francisco, with extensive training in homeopathic medicine in London. He is also a Fellow of the American Academy of Clinical Sexologists, and a Diplomate of the American Board of Sexology and Sex Therapists. He was the main researcher for two WHO studies, on HIV/AIDS and on drugs. Other research has dealt with sex and religion, herbal medicine, and nutrition. He is the author of a 1995 book in Greek on Premature Ejaculation. P.O. Box 42008, 6530 Larnaca, Cyprus; drgeorge @

ALEXANDER F. MODINOS, B.Arch., A.R.I.B.A., is cofounder and president of the Gay Liberation Movement of Cyprus, founder and member of the AIDS Solidarity Movement of Cyprus, and contact person for Cyprus to the European Council of AIDS Service Organizations (EUROCASO).

LAURA PAPANTONIOU, M.S. (epidemiology), M.D., is Senior Medical Officer, Department of Medical and Public Health Services, the Ministry of Health (Nicosia), editor of Health for All, a public service journal published by the Ministry of Health. She is the focal point for women’s affairs in the Ministry. plaura @

NICOS PERISTIANIS, Ph.D. (hon.), is executive dean of Intercollege and president of the Cyprus Sociological Association. With graduate studies in the U.K. and U.S., his main research interests are in the sociology of social change, social institutions, and ethnic and cultural identity. nicosp @

NATHALIEL PAPAGEORGIOU, a career police officer with more than 35 years field experience, is Assistant Chief of Police (Support Services) in Nicosia. criminaldept @

Cyprus, Turkish:  Up to Chapter Selection

SERIN KELÂMI, B.Sci. (hons., psychology), was born and raised in Cyprus, and later lived in Berlin, Germany, with her late husband, Alpay, for 27 years (1965-1992). Since the death of her husband in 1992, she moved to London, and is currently working as a relationship counselor. 27 Albert Road, London N 22 7AQ, United Kingdom; skelami @

KEMAL BOLAYIR, M.D., is a medical doctor and associate professor of urology in Lefkosa, Northern Cyprus. He is the initiator and organizer of eight International Urological Symposia in Northern Cyprus (1982-1994). He presented dozens of lectures in national and international urology and andrology meetings and is the author of 40 publications in medical journals in Turkish and English. Post Office Box 597, Lefkosa, Mersin, Turkey; kbolayin @

The Czech Republic:  Up to Chapter Selection

JAROSLAV ZVERINA, M.D., is director of the Institute of Sexology and a member of the First Medical Faculty at Charles University, Prague, Czechoslovakia. President of the Sexological Society of Prague and a member of the Executive Committee of the European Federation of Sexology, Dr. Zernina has authored Advice for Intimate Life (1991) and Medical Sexology (1992), both in Czech. His research focuses on the behavioral and biological aspects of sexology and reproductive medicine, mainly andrology. He has published in Archives of Sexual Behavior and authored a chapter on “Sexuelle Teaktionen auf Optische Stimuli bei Frauen” in Prakitische Sexualmedizin, edited by W. Eicher (Weisbaden, 1988). Institute for Sexology, Karlos nam. 32, 128-21 Prague, Czech Republic; jaroslav.zverina @

Translation: ANTON ROS, M.D., a native of the Czech Republic and physician in Wintersville, Ohio, and LYNNE ROS, a former student of the editor of this Encyclopedia, with extensive experience in the healthcare professions, provided translation and clarification of difficult sections in Dr. Zverina’s manuscript.

Denmark:  Up to Chapter Selection

CHRISTIAN GRAUGAARD, M.D., Ph.D., senior researcher at the University of Copenhagen, has written extensively on sexuality and the history of sexology

LENE FALGAARD EPLOV, M.D., Ph.D. Currently training to become a psychiatrist, Dr. Eplov has done extensive research on the sexual behavior of Danes.

ANNAMARIA GIRALDI, M.D., Ph.D., chairman of the scientific committee of the International Society for the Study of Women’s Sexual Health and associate editor at the International Journal of Impotence Research, has done extensive research on male and female sexual function.

ELLIDS KRISTENSEN, M.D. Trained as a psychiatrist and a specialist in clinical sexology, he is chief physician at the Clinic of Sexology in Copenhagen.

BO MØHL is chief psychologist at the Psychiatric Clinic, Rigshospitalet, and has written extensively on sexology, health psychology, and clinical psychology.

ELSE MUNCK, M.D. Trained as a child and adolescent psychiatrist, Dr. Munck is also a psychoanalytical psychotherapist and a specialist in clinical sexology, and chief physician at the Centre of Forensic Psychiatry, Nordvang Hospital, Copenhagen.

ANNETTE FUGLSANG OWENS, M.D., Ph.D., is founder and director of the Charlottesville Sexual Health & Wellness Clinic, Virginia, USA.

HANNE RISØR, M.D. Trained as a sexologist and a specialist in general medicine, she is chairperson of the Danish Family Planning Association and active in the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) for two decades.

GERD WINTHER was a social worker and sexologist affiliated with the Clinic of Sexology from 1972 to1996, when she established a private sexological practice in Copenhagen.

Egypt:  Up to Chapter Selection

BAHIRA SHERIF, Ph.D. A cultural anthropologist with fieldwork in Egypt, Dr. Sherif is an assistant professor of Individual and Family Studies at the University of Delaware. After earning a B.A. degree from Yale University and a Ph.D. at the University of Pennsylvania, she focused her research on ethnically diverse families, Islam, gender issues in the Middle East, intergenerational relations, and women’s employment. Her publications include “Islamic Families in America: Diversity and Uniformity in the Family Experience” for Harriette Pipes’ Family Ethnicity: Strength in Diversity (1999), “Treat your Elders with Respect and Kindness: The Islamic Model.” in Aging in Africa: Colonial and Post-Colonial Representation (1999), and “Understanding the Rights of Women: The Egyptian Example,” in Women’s Rights in an International Perspective (L. Walters, ed., 1999). Dept. of Individual and Family Studies, University of Delaware, DE 19711 USA; bsherif @ udel.ed

Update by HUSSEIN GHANEM, M.D., Professor of Andrology, Sexology & STDs. Cairo University hmghanem @

Estonia:  Up to Chapter Selection

ELINA HAAVIO-MANNILA, Ph.D. and OSMO KONTULA, Ph.D. See Finland below.

KAI HALDRE, M.D., a graduate ofTartu University, Estonia, has worked as a gynecologist at Tallinn Pelgulinna Maternity Hospital, and served as an executive director of the Estonian Family Planning Association (member of IPPF) from its establishment in 1994 to 2001. He established a FPA Sexual Health Clinic where he currently works. He is also working on a Ph.D. at Tartu University, researching “Reproductive health and behavior of adolescence girls in Estonia.” He is a founding member of the Estonian Academic Society for Sexology. Sexual Health Clinic, Suur-Ameerika 18A, Tallinn 10122 Estonia; kai.haldre @ or kaihaldre @

Finland:  Up to Chapter Selection

ELINA HAAVIO-MANNILA, Ph.D., is coauthor with Osmo Kontula of Suomalainen Seksi: Tietoa Suomalaisten Sukupuolielämän Muutoksesta [Finnish Sex: Information of Changes in Sexual Life in Finland] (1993-1994), Tyopaikan Rakkausuhteet [Love Relations in the Work Place] (1987), and Unfinished Democracy: Women in Nordic Politics (1985). With Osmo Kontulo, she was responsible for national sociological surveys of sexual life in Finland. She is currently professor of sociology at the University of Helsinki, vice president of the Finish Sociological Association (Westermarck Society), board member of the European Sociological Association Steering Group, and vice chairperson of the Finish Academy of Science and Letters. Sociology Dept. Box 18 (Unioninkatu 35), FIN-00014, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; elina.haavio-mannila @

OSMO KONTULA, Ph.D. As research director of Docent at the Department of Public Health, the University of Helsinki, Dr. Kontula had directed two national surveys of sexual life in Finland. He is coeditor, with Elina Haavio-Mannila, of Finnish Sex: Information of Changes in Sexual Life in Finland) (1993). Since 1986, Dr. Kontula has authored or coauthored about 25 books on sexology, drug use, and the health impacts of economic recession. Population Research Institute (Vaestontutkimuslaitos), P.O. Box 849 (Iso Roobertinkatu 20-22A), FIN 00101 Helsinki, Finland; osmo.kontula @ or kontula @

France:  Up to Chapter Selection

MICHEL MEIGNANT, M.D. A University of Paris graduate, Dr. Meignant is President of the French Federation for Psychotherapy (FFdP), Past President and Advisory Committee member of European Association for Psychotherapy. He received a Masters of Human Sexuality from the Institute for Advanced Study of Human Sexuality, San Francisco, and studied at the Masters and Johnson Reproduction Biology Research Foundation. He directed the French translation and wrote a preface for Helen Singer Kaplan’s book on The New Sex Therapy and for Masters and Johnson’s Homosexuality in Perspective. 2 bis rue Scheffer F-75116 Paris, France; meignant @

CHARLES GELLMAN, M.D. Neurologist, psychiatrist, gestalt-therapist, and sexotherapist, Charles Gellman is also Président de l’Ecole Parisienne de Gestalt, former Président de la Société Française de Sexologie Clinique (1974-1996), and a member of the Conseil d’Administration de le Société Française de Sexologie Clinique, SFSC (Paris). His most recent publications include Le Coaching, l’Art du Contact, and Le Contact Sexuel. 103 av. Charles de Gaulle, 92200 Neuilly sur Seine, France; gestalt @

ROBERT GELLMAN, M.D. Psychiatre des Hôpitaux, Chef de service au groupe hospitalier Paris-Maison-Blanche; Directeur d’Enseignement au Diplôme Universitaire de Sexologie de l’Université Paris; Président de l’Ecole Française de Sexologie; and Vice-président et membre fondateur de l’Association des Sexologues Cliniciens Francophones.

CLAIRE GELLMAN-BARROUX, a psychologist and psychoanalyst, is vice president of the French School of Sexology and the Sexologie et de l’Association Inter-Hospitalo Universitaire de Sexologie. She is the former president and founding member of the Association des Sexologues Cliniciens Francophones, and former secretary of the World Association of Sexology.

PIERRE DALENS, M.D. A physician and psychoanalyst, Dr. Dalens is an honorary member of the Société Française de Sexologie Clinique, the Institut International de Sexoanalyse and secretary general of the Institut. Dr. Dalens is president and cofounder of the Associations de Recherche en Sexualité du Sud Ouest de la France (A.R.S.S.O.) and the l’Institut Psychorelationnel Européen (I.P.R.E.), and a Diplomate of Sexologie Clinique. 25, Avenue de l’Entre Deux Mers, 33370 Fargues Saint Hilaire (Près Bordeaux), France; pierre.dalens @

LAURRENT MALTERRE, is an honorary member of the Société Française de Sexologie Clinique, member of the French Federation of Psychotherapy, president of the Association Gender: Troubles de la Genralité, Transsexualisme, Prise en Charge Thérapeutique et Recherché, cofounding member of the Association de Recherche en Sexualité du Sud Ouest de la France (A.R.S.S.O.), and diplomate of Sexologie Clinique de la S.F.S.C. 74, Rue des Gravilliers, 75003 Paris, France; laurentmalterre @

FRANCE PARAMELLE is a neuropsychiatric sexologist and psychoanalyst, specializing in criminality, the sociocultural factors influencing human sexual behavior, and female homosexuality. france.Paramelle @

Translation by GENEVIEVE PARENT, B.A., M.A., a double graduate of the Sexology Program at the University of Quebec in Montreal. She has held several positions as a sexuality teacher, clinical sexologist, psychotherapist, and certified sexual abuse counselor. Genevieve_parent @

French Polynesia:  Up to Chapter Selection

ANNE BOLIN, Ph.D., professor of Anthropology in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Elon University, North Carolina, and recipient of the Elon University Distinguished Scholar Award for 2001, her research areas include women and gender, the body, human sexuality, sports ethnography, and bodybuilding. Her book, In Search of Eve: Transsexual Rites of Passage (Bergin and Garvey), received a Choice Magazine Award for an Outstanding Academic Book for 1988-89. Her most recent book is Athletic Intruders: Women, Culture and Exercise (2003). Her current research is with competitive women bodybuilders for a book titled Elegant Ironworkers: Beauties and Beasts in Bodybuilding. She is an active and successful competitor in amateur women’s bodybuilding. Elon University, Sociology Dept., Nox 2115, Elon College, North Carolina 27244 USA (or 1223 Franklin Street, Burlington, NC 27215 USA; Anne.Bolin @

Germany:  Up to Chapter Selection

RUEDIGER LAUTMANN, Ph.D. Professor of Sociology and Sociology of Law at the University of Breman, Dr. Lautmann has published widely on the social controls of sexual behavior in Germany since the Nazi period. Universitat Bremen, FB 8, GW 2, B 1460, 28334 Bremen, Germany; LautmannHH @

KURT STARKE, Ph.D. Dr. Starke, a sociologist and political scientist, has served for 20 years as Department Head, Head of Research in Sexology, and Vice-Director of the Central Institute of Youth Research in Leipzig Hauptstr. 6 A, 04774 Zeuckritz, Germany; kurt @

Updates: JAKOB PASTOETTER, Ph.D. (See under Vietnam. [More brief biographical information at his listing in the Associate Editors section.])

HARTMUT A. G. BOSINSKI, M.D., is a physician and psychotherapist in Sexual Medicine, with special interests in forensic sexology, gender-identity disorders, and sexual dysfunctions. A member of the Board of Directors of the German Academy for Sexual Medicine, he is Head of the Division of Sexual Medicine, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany; hagbosi @

Ghana:  Up to Chapter Selection

AUGUSTINE K. ANKOMAH, Ph.D. A graduate of the University of Ghana, the University of Ife, Nigeria, and the Institute of Population Studies, the University of Exeter (U.K.), he has taught sociology at the University of Cape Coast in Ghana. His research has focused on the sexual behavior of young women in Ghana and its implications for AIDS, family planning service provision, contraceptive use, and reproductive health as they relate to sexual behavior and HIV infection. He is currently comparing sociocultural determinants of induced abortion in Kenya, Peru, and the Philippines.

Updates: Beldina Opiyo-Omolo, B.Sc. (See listing under Associate Editor for Africa.)

Greece:  Up to Chapter Selection

DIMOSTHENIS AGRAFIOTIS, Ph.D. A sociologist, Dr. Agrafiotis teaches and conducts sexological research at the Athens School of Public Health. He also works with the Collaborating Center for the Global Program on AIDS and the Sociology of AIDS of the World Health Organization.

ELIZABETH IOANNIDI-KAPOLOU, Ph.D., a sociologist-researcher in the Department of Sociology, the National School of Public Health (Athens), researches sexual behavior mainly related to HIV risk in a cross-national perspective, women’s sexuality and reproductive health, social exclusion, and migrant and refugee integration. Department of Sociology, National School of Public Health, 196 Alexandras Ave., Athens 115-21 Greece; ioanel @

PANGIOTA MANDI, Ph.D. Dr. Mandi, a sociologist, teaches and conducts sexological research at the Athens School of Public Health. She also works with the Collaborating Center for the Global Program on AIDS and the Sociology of AIDS of the World Health Organization.

Hong Kong:  Up to Chapter Selection

EMIL MAN-LUN NG, M.D., is a professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Hong Kong, vice-president of the Hong Kong Sex Education Association and served as President of the Fourteenth World Congress of Sexology (Hong Kong, August 1999). A member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists (U.K.) since 1976, he is a Fellow of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists, the Royal College of Psychiatrists (U.K.), the American College of Sexologists, and the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists. His main areas of research are Chinese sexual attitudes and culture, and sex education and therapy for the Chinese. He is coeditor of A Dictionary of Sexology, coeditor of Practical Sexual Medicine, and coeditor with E. Haeberle of the English-language edition, Sexual Behavior in Modern China: Report of the Nationwide Survey of 20,000 Men and Women (1997). Queen Mary Hospital, University of Hong Kong, Psychiatry Dept., Hong Kong; nml @

JOYCE L. C. MA, Ph.D., is a senior lecturer/associate professor in the Department of Social Work at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, a faculty member of Family Studies, Hong Kong, a branch of Family Studies, New York, and a social work member of the Gender Identity Team, Sex Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, the University of Hong Kong. Focusing her clinical and research interests on couple and family therapy, she has published two dozen journal papers and contributed chapters to eleven books. joycelai @

Iceland:  Up to Chapter Selection

SÓLEY S. BENDER, R.N., B.S.N., M.S., coordinator/main author of the Iceland chapter, is assistant professor of nursing at the University of Iceland. She has chaired a working group of the Icelandic Association for Sexual and Reproductive Health, developing a sex education curriculum for young people 16 to 20 years old. As a nurse specialist for the Icelandic Association for Sexual and Reproductive Health, she coordinates sexual and reproductive counseling for young people and does educational and counseling work. A doctoral candidate at the Department of Medicine at the University of Iceland, she has edited, coauthored, and authored several articles and major reports on the sexual and reproductive health of Iceland’s young people. Dept. of Nursing, University of Iceland, Eirberg, Eiriksgotu 34, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland; ssb @

GUDRÚN JÓNSDÓTTIR, Ph.D, a retired professor of social work, researches sexual violence against women and children, and studies incest survivors’ experiences of abuse in Iceland and Britain. gsisi @

SIGRÚN JÚLIÍUSDÓTTIR, Ph.D. Professor and Chief of Social Work Education at the University of Iceland, Dr. Juliusdottir is a member of the American Family Therapy Academy, the Swedish Association of Supervisors, and the Icelandic Association of Sexology. Her main area of research is family matters, intimate interaction, and divorce issues. sigjul @

THORVALDUR KRISTINSSON is a leading figure in the Icelandic gay movement and presently the chairman of Samtökin ’78, the Lesbian and Gay Association of Iceland.

India:  Up to Chapter Selection

JAYAJI K. NATH, M.D., is the director of the National Institute for Research in Sex Education, Counseling, and Therapy (NIRSECT-India). A fellow of the Indian Academy of Juvenile and Adolescent Gynaecology and Obstetrics and the International Council of Sex Education and Parenthood of the American University, Dr. Nath is also a consultant on Sexual Medicine at the Mahatma Gandhi Mission Hospital in Bombay.

VISHWARATH R. NAYAR is the founder-director of the National Institute for Research in Sex Education, Counseling, and Therapy (NIRSECT-India), and organizer of two national sexological conferences in India.With J. K. Nath, he is working on a training curriculum for sexuality teachers in India.

Comments: KAREN PECHILIS-PRENTISS, Ph.D., professor of religion at Drew University, does fieldwork and researches gender roles and women in India. Drew University, Religion Department, Madison, New Jersey 07940 USA; kpechili @ APARNA KADARI, B.A., M.B.A. Born and raised Hindu in Hyderabad, southern India, Ms. Kadari has traveled all over India. Fluent in Hindi, Urdu, Telugu, and English, she has lectured in the Editor’s Sexualities and Cultures graduate course at Fairleigh Dickinson University. aparnakadari @

Indonesia:  Up to Chapter Selection

RAMSEY ELKHOLY, Ph.D., has focused his research on hunter-gatherers with an emphasis on Sumatran groups, their sociality and environmental perceptions. His report on the Orang-Rimba indigenous forest people of Indonesia, “Hunter-Gatherers, Native Ecologies and Human Sociality,” appeared in the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (U.K.). relkholy @

WIMPIE PANGKAHILA, M.D., a Lecturer in the Medical School and secretary of the Study Group on Human Reproduction of Udayana University (Bali, Indonesia), is also chairperson of the Indonesian Society of Andrology in Bali. Specializing in infertility, adolescent sexuality, and sexual dysfunctions, he is author of What You Should Know about Sex (1981), About the Sexual Problem in the Family (1988), Discussing Sexual Problems in the Family (1991), We and Sex (1991), and Some Sexual Problems in the Female (1991). JL By Pass Ngurah Rai 84, Sanur Denpaser, 80228 Bali, Indonesia; wim @

Iran:  Up to Chapter Selection

PAULA DREW, Ph.D., a British-born cultural anthropologist, held consecutive tenured positions at the University of Tabriz in northern Iran and the National University of Tehran for fourteen years between 1964 and the fall of the Shah in 1978. In these universities, she taught Iranian women French, German, English, and Psychology in Persian. For three years, she served as academic and personal advisor to female students in the humanities. She also ran a clinic for mothers and babies in an Iranian oasis community for almost ten years. Fieldnote observations formed the basis for her doctoral dissertation, “Arranging Marriages in Iran.” 122 High Street, Randolph, New Jersey 07869 USA; Spid @

Ireland:  Up to Chapter Selection

THOMAS PHELIM KELLY, M.B. A physician and medical coordinator for Family Planning Services in Dublin, Dr. Kelly also has a private practice as a psychosexual therapist.

Comments by HARRY A. WALSH, Ph.D. Born and raised in Ireland, Dr. Walsh is a Catholic priest, and the executive director of The Institute for Child and Adolescent Sexual Health in Monticello, Minnesota. 1201 Golf Course Rd. #1207, Monticello, Minnesota 55362 USA; dialeat @

Israel:  Up to Chapter Selection

RONNY A. SHTARKSHALL, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Social Medicine, the Hebrew University and Hadassah, Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, in Jerusalem. A member of the Board of Directors for the Israeli Family Planning Association, he is co-author of Avoiding AIDS: Preventing AIDS While Preserving Sex and Youth, Sexuality and Relations Between the Sexes: A Facilitator’s Handbook, and program modules, published by the Israeli Ministry of Education and Culture (1987). His current interests are the sexual attitudes and behaviors of adolescents, and sex, sexuality, and relationships in a national Israeli sample. 15 Yasmin St. (Box 1116), Mevasseret-Zion, Israel 90805;

MINAH ZEMACH, Ph.D. A native of Israel, with a doctorate degree in psychology from Yale University, she is the director and senior researcher at the Dachaf Research Institute in Tel Aviv (since 1979). An expert in developing surveys and making population analyses and predictions for social, political, and commercial purposes, she coauthored a chapter on “Surveys” in Research Methods in Social Sciences and Zug O Peret (Odds or Even), an analysis of relationships among Israeli couples.

Italy:  Up to Chapter Selection

BRUNO P. F. WANROOIJ, Ph.D., is professor of history and social sciences at Syracuse University in Italy and at Georgetown University in the USA. He is the author of Storia del Pudore: La Questione Sessuale in Italia (1860-1940) , “Italy: Sexuality, Morality, and Public Authority in Italy,” “Universalismo versus Cosmopolitismo. I Cattolici Italiani e Hollywood,” “Back to the Future: Gender, Morality and Modernization in Twentieth Century Italy,” “Impariamo ad Amare,” and L’Avvio della Consulenza Matrimoniale in Italia (1948-1975) . Syracuse University in Italy Program, Humanities Dept. Piazza Savonarola, 15, 50132 Firenze, Italy; bpwanroo @ or wanrooij @

Japan:  Up to Chapter Selection

YOSHIRO HATANO, Ph.D. (University of Oregon, USA), is professor at Tokyo Gakugei University. He has also been a board member and director of the Japanese Association for Sex Education, an advisory committee member of W.A.S. (the World Association of Sexology), secretary general of W.A.S. and Organizing Committee for the Twelfth World Congress of Sexology, vice president of the Asian Federation of Sexology. Kyushuu University of Health and Welfare, Yoshino-cho, Nobeoka City, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan (code 882-8508); yhatano @

TSUGUO SHIMAZAKI is a graduate of Waseda University and a journalist/staff member of Shogakukan Press, Tokyo. He serves as secretary general and a board member and director of the Japanese Association for Sex Education, and deputy secretary general of the Twelfth World Congress of Sexology (W.C.S.) Organizing Committee. He has been a visiting professor at Chiba University and adjunct professor at Roanoke College (USA). Nikon Information Center for Sexology (NICS), Hobunkan Bldg. 6F, 3-11-4, Kanda Jinbo-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0051 Japan; nics @

Lengthy analysis of manga by TIMOTHY PERPER, Ph.D., and MARTHA CORNOG, M.S., M.A. (See listing for Perper under Preface; for Cornog under Associate Editors.) perpcorn @

Updates: YOSHIMI KAJI, M.A., a 1993 graduate of the New York University Human Sexuality Program, Kaji was a staff researcher for several years at the Japanese Association for Sex Education. Recently, she began working with families and friends of lesbians and gays in Japan. 2-5-10-1505 Shirogane, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0072 Japan; ykaji @

Kenya:  Up to Chapter Selection

NORBERT BROCKMAN. Associate professor of politics and AASECT-certified sex educator, Dr. Brockman teaches at St. Mary’s University in San Antonio, where he focuses his research on African studies and political psychology, and the relationship between power and sexual behavior, professional incest, and power and sex roles in the women’s and men’s movements. He has taught in Kenya and worked at the Amani Counselling Centre in Nairobi.

Updates: BELDINA OPIYO-OMOLO, B.Sc. (see listing under Associate Editors), and PAUL MWANGI KARIUKI, Ph.D., a native of Kenya, a Roman Catholic priest, and doctoral student in psychology at Duquenne University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Mexico:  Up to Chapter Selection

EUSEBIO RUBIO, M.D. Dr. Rubio is founder of Asociacion Mexicana para la Salud Sexual A.C., Mexico City, Mexico, a nonprofit organization that provides low-cost medical and psychological help to low-income persons and training in sex therapy for professionals. He also conducts research projects at AMSSAC and is active in the World Association for Sexology. Pestalozzi 1204-705, Colonia del Valle, Mexico D.F. 03100 Mexico; eusebio @ or Eusebio @

Morocco:  Up to Chapter Selection

ABDERRAZAK MOUSSAÏD, M.D., founded the Moroccan Society of Sexology. A medical doctor at the University of Casablanca, specializing in psychosomatic medicine and sexology, he is a Díplome-inter-universitaire de sexologie from the Faculté de Médicine de Paris XIII-Boigny. 38, Boulevard Rahal El Meskini 20 000, Casablanca, Morocco.

NADIA KADIRI, M.D., is a psychiatrist in the University Psychiatric Center in Casablanca and a member of the Scientific Committee on the Moroccan Society of Sexology. Centre Psychiatrique Universitaire, Rue Tarik Ib Ziad, Casablanca, Morocco; psych @ or nadiakadiri @

ABDELKRIM TIRRAF, M.D., is a specialist in male erectile problems, sterility, and sexual maladies. Dr. Tirraf is a Diplomé in andrology from the Université de Paris and a member of the Moroccan Society of Sexology.

Nepal:  Up to Chapter Selection

ELIZABETH SCHROEDER, M.S.W. An adjunct professor of Human Sexuality and Health Counseling at Montclair State University, she is pursuing a doctorate in Human Sexuality Education at Widener University. A sexuality trainer and consultant who has provided trainings throughout the U.S., she has developed adult peer educator and teacher training programs on sexuality and reproductive health in Kathmandu, Nepal. 45 Essex Avenue, 2nd Floor, Montclair, NJ 07042 USA; ElizSchroe @

The Netherlands:  Up to Chapter Selection

JELTO J. DRENTH, M.D. President and chairman of the Dutch Society for Sexology, Dr. Drenth, is a member of the Sexology Department of the Rutgers Foundation and Consultation Bureau for Contraceptive and Sexological Advice in The Hague, Netherlands. Visserstraat 39, 712 CS Groningen, The Netherlands; or Nederlandse Vereniging voor Seksuologie, P.O. Box 40551, 2504 LN The Hague, The Netherlands; jvla @

A. KOOS SLOB, M.D. Dr. Slob is Senior Scientist and professor of pathophysiology of sexuality in the Department of Endocrinology and Reproduction, the Faculty of Medicine, Erasmus University, Rotterdam. Editor-in-chief of the Dutch Journal of Sexology, Dr. Slob was the first recipient of the “Van EM.D.e Boas-Van Ussel” Award (1987) from the Dutch Society for Sexology. He also holds the special chair for Physiology and Pathophysiology of Sexuality, the Trustfund, Erasmus University. Erasmus University, Faculty of Medicine, (P.O. Box 1738), 3011 HT Rotterdam, Netherlands; slob @

Nigeria:  Up to Chapter Selection

UWEM EDIMO ESIET, M.D., M.P.H., a public health physician, has served on the task force on producing the National Guidelines for Sexuality Education in Nigeria and on the committee responsible for producing the Sexuality Education Curriculum for Nigerian schools. A leading commentator on sexuality in Nigeria, he is cofounder, chapter coordinator, and medical director of Action Health Incorporated (AHI) in Lagos, one of Nigeria’s largest and most effective NGOs working for adolescent reproductive health. In 1996, AHI coordinated the first Nigerian National Conference on Adolescent Reproductive Health, and successfully lobbied the Nigerian Ministry of Education to approve the integration of sexuality education into the Nigerian secondary school curriculum. Action Health Inc., Plot 54 Somorin Street, Ifako-Gbagada, P.O. 803, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria; ahi @

NIKE ESIET, B.Sc., M.H.P. (Harvard), a journalist, and former public relations officer for Society for Women and AIDS, Nigeria Chapter (SWAAN), Mrs. Esiet is project director and cofounder of Lagos-based Action Health Incorporated (AHI), working for adolescent reproductive health. Her work has been supported by a three-year “social entrepreneur” fellowship from the U.S.-based Ashoka: Innovators for the Public and support from the MacArthur Foundation. nikeoesiet @

CHRISTINE OLUFUNKE ADEBAJO, Ph.D., is Deputy General Secretary of the National Association of Nigerian Nurses and Midwives (NANNM), president of the Federation of Female Nurses and Midwives of Nigeria (FENAM), and vice president of Nigeria’s National Council for Population Activities. She has authored two books on female circumcision and strategies for its eradication.

IBIRONKE AKINSETE Professor Akinsete is President of the Society for Women and AIDS in Africa, Nigerian Chapter (SWAAN).

MAIRO VICTORIA BELLO is Project Director/Coordinator for the Adolescent Health and Information BELLO in Tarauni, Kano, Nigeria. An officer of Women for Independence, Self-Sufficiency, and Economic Advancement (WISSEA), her research focuses on adolescent sexuality and socialization, sexual violence and abuse, and women’s health and reproductive track infections.

RAKIYA BOOTH, M.B.B.S., is director of primary healthcare services of the Christian Health Association of Nigeria in Jos, specializing in STD and AIDS education.

IMO I. ESIET, Esq., B.Sc. (Hons), L.L.B. (Hons), B.L., is a member of the Nigerian Bar Association and a counselor and legal advisor involved in women’s rights.

MRS. FOYIN OYEBOLA is program officer at the Planned Parenthood Federation of Nigeria National Headquarters in Lagos, and a member of the Campaign Against Unwanted Pregnancy in Lagos.

BILKISU YUSUF, a journalist, media administrator, and social activist, has contributed to several books, with chapters on such topics as “Challenges of the Muslim Women,” “Hausa Fulani Women: The State of the Struggle,” “Challenges Facing Muslim Women in Secular States,” and “The Impact of Islam and Culture on Marriage Age in Hausa Society.”

Updates: Beldina Opiyo-Omolo, B.Sc. (See listing under Associate Editors.)

Norway:  Up to Chapter Selection

ELSA ALMÅS, is a specialist in clinical psychology, president of both the Norwegian Society for Clinical Sexology and the Nordic Association for Clinical Sexology, a member of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association, and a member of the Resource and Reference Group for Sexual Dysfunctions in Norway. She authored Den Skjulte Lyst [The Hidden Desire] and with Esben Esther Pirelli Benestad, coauthored Sexologi i Praksis [Sexology in Practice]. Grimstad MPAT-Institute, Storgaten 42, 4876 Grimstad, Norway; elsa.almas @

ESBEN ESTHER PIRELLI BENESTAD, M.D., a general practitioner (University of Oslo) and family therapist in private practice, is a board-member of the Norwegian Society for Clinical Sexology, a member of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association and the Nordic Group for Developing Sexological Education and Authorization. Benedtad’s main research and clinical work is in general health service, family and sex therapy, psychotherapy, education and supervision in sexology, public sex education and counseling in gender issues. Grimstad MPAT-Institute, Storgaten 42, 4876 Grimstad, Norway. esben.benestad @ or esther.pirelli @

Outer Space and Antarctica:  Up to Chapter Selection

RAYMOND J. NOONAN, Ph.D. Since 1987, Dr. Noonan has presented his ideas and research on the need for sex research in space at numerous conferences, including those of the Aerospace Medical Association (AsMA), the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality (SSSS), the National Space Society (NSS), and the American Association of Sex Educators, Counselors, and Therapists (AASECT). A recent article, “Sexuality and Space: Theoretical Considerations for Extended Spaceflight,” is under review by the AsMA journal, Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. Sex in space was the subject of his doctoral dissertation in 1998 in the Human Sexuality Program at New York University. His look at Antarctica derived from its use in research as a space analog environment. His fuller biographical sketch appears under Editors at the beginning of this section.

Papua New Guinea:  Up to Chapter Selection

SHIRLEY OLIVER-MILLER. As Senior Program Officer II, Margaret Sanger Center International, Planned Parenthood of New York City, since 1980, Shirley Oliver-Miller has been responsible for managing government and nongovernment projects, and developing and implementing program strategies around reproductive and sexual health issues. She has worked in 37 countries, developing programs for government and nongovernmental agencies around population health. Author of a dozen training manuals, she has trained thousands of professionals, with support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), United Nations Funds for Population Activities (UNFPA), and the World Health Organization (WHO). shirley.oliver-miller @

Updates by EDGAR GREGERSON, Ph.D. Professor of anthropology at Queens College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, he is a Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute and the American Anthropological Association. His masterwork is The World of Human Sexuality: Behaviors, Customs and Beliefs. 302 West 12th St., New York, NY 10014 USA; eagqc @

The Philippines:  Up to Chapter Selection

JOSE FLORANTE J. LEYSON, M.S., M.D., F.A.C.S., is director of the Sexual Dysfunction Center, Spinal Cord Injury Service, Dept. of Veterans Affairs, New Jersey Health Care Systems. He edited Sexual Rehabilitation of the Spinal-Cord-Injured Patient and is recipient of the 1986 Filipino Physician of the Year Award from the Department of Veterans Affairs. 6 Ranney Road, Long Valley, NJ 07853 USA.

Poland:  Up to Chapter Selection

ANNA SIERZPOWSKA-KETNER, M.D., Ph.D. A psychiatrist and sexologist, Dr. Sierzpowska-Ketner is senior lecturer/consultant forensic expert in sexology in the Department of Sexology at the Postgraduate Medical Education Center, vice-president of the Polish Sexological Society, and secretary of the Sexological Section of the Polish Medical Association. Specializing in sexual dysfunctions, paraphilias, sexual fantasies, sex offenders, and their victims, Dr. Sierzposka-Ketner is also coauthor of an Encyclopedia of Sexology. Polish Sexological Society, Sex Research Department, ul. Marymoncka 34, 01-813 Warsaw, Poland. (Correspondence: ul. Londynska 12m 31, 03-921 Warsaw, Poland)

Portugal:  Up to Chapter Selection

NUNO NODIN is a counsellor at the Associação para o Planeamento Familiar (Portuguese Family Planning Association) and the Sexualidade em Linha (telephone help-line for adolescents), both in Lisboa (Lisbon). He also teaches at the Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisboa. Trained in sexuality and counseling with the Associação para o Planeamento da Família and in the psychological and social aspects of AIDS with the Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, his main areas of interest are sexuality education, sexual and reproductive health, psychotherapy, and counseling: R. Conselheiro Lopo Vaz, 24, 1º Dto., 1800-142 Lisboa, Portugal. nunonodin @

ANA MARGARIDA OURÔ, a clinical psychologist in a military rest home for adult men with severe disabilities, her clinical and research interests include women’s psychology, rape and battered women, domestic violence, handicaps, and disability. Among her publications are a study of the psychology of pregnant HIV-positive women (2000), and “The Womb Is Satisfied, the Eyes Are Not: Social Support in Adolescents Who Carried Their Pregnancy to Term and Women Who Interrupted Their Pregnancy.”

SARA MOREIRA is a sex education counselor at the Portuguese Family Planning Association and a counselor at Sexualidade em Linha (telephone help-line for adolescents). Her main work has been in youth counseling at the Family Planning Association and Sexuality help-line; peer-education youth training in sexuality projects; the Family Planning Association Project on Child and Adolescent Sexual Abuse; and the Family Planning Association cooperation project with Portuguese-speaking countries. Rua D. António Caetano de Sousa, 3, 2º Dto.,1500 Lisboa, Portugal. sara_moreira @

Puerto Rico (The United States of America):  Up to Chapter Selection

LUIS MONTESINOS, Ph.D. Dr. Montesinos is an assistant professor at Montclair State College in New Jersey, where he teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in human sexuality, health psychology, and behavioral modification. Psychology Department, Montclair State University, Upper Montclair, NJ 07043 USA.

JUAN PRECIADO, Ph.D. Dr. Preciado, an associate professor in the Department of Urban and Community health at Hostos Community College of the City University of New York, has given numerous presentations on sexual health and cultural issues in Europe and Latin America. His research interests are in health education. quetzalo1 @

Updates: FELIX M. VELÁZQUEZ-SOTO, M.S., is a professor of biology, chairman of Health, Occupational Safety and Environmental Protection, and certified sex educator at the University of Puerto Rico in Cayey. 205 Antonio R. Barceló Avenue, Cayey, Puerto Rico 00736 USA; f_velazquez1 @ GLORIVEE ROSARIO-PÉREZ, Ph.D., is associate professor of microbiology and immunology, and Coordinator of University Sex Education Symposia, University of Puerto Rico (Medical Science Campus). University of Puerto Rico at Cayey, Biology Department, 205 Antonio R. Barceló Avenue, Cayey, Puerto Rico 00736 USA; glorivee @

Russia:  Up to Chapter Selection

IGOR S. KON, Ph.D. Dr. Kon, sociologist, psychologist, and anthropologist, has been Chief Researcher at the Institute for Ethnography and Anthropology, the Russian Academy of Sciences, since 1974. A member of the Russian Academy of Education, Dr. Kon is also A. D. White Professor-at-Large at Cornell University (1990-1995), a member of the International Academy of Sex Research, and a member of the Polish Sexological Academy. In addition to over 300 professional articles, he has authored Introduction to Sexology, published in Hungarian, German, Ukrainian, Estonian, Chinese, and in Russian after being banned for ten years. Among his numerous other books are Taste of the Forbidden Fruit, Sex and the Soviet Society, and The Sexual Revolution in Russia. Between 1985 and the present, he held short-term lecture appointments at universities of Stanford all over the world. Vavilova Str., 48-372, Moscow, Russia 117333; igor_kon @ or igor_kon @

South Africa:  Up to Chapter Selection

MERVYN BERNARD HURWITZ, M.D. A Diplomat and Fellow of the South African College of Gynaecologists and Fellow of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, Dr. Hurwitz was Head of the Sexual Dysfunction Clinic at Johannesburg Hospital in South Africa, and Lecturer and Examiner in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. A member of the editorial board of the Medical Sex Journal of South Africa, Dr. Hurwitz is the author of Educating the Doctor and Patient in Human Sexuality (1986), Sex and the Disabled (1987), and Breast Feeding and Sexuality (1992). 127 Lakeside Court, Lake Village, Arkansas 71638-5012 USA; hurwitz @

LIONEL JOHN NICHOLAS, Ph.D. Dr. Nicholas is senior psychologist and senior lecturer at the University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa, and an adjunct professor at the Institute for the Advanced Study of Human Sexuality in San Francisco. Since 1990, he has conducted an annual survey of sexual experience, attitudes, and AIDS knowledge among black South African first-year university students. 49 Arthur’s Seat Mansions, Beach Road, Sea Point 8001, Cape Town, South Africa; lnicholas @

PRISCILLA SANDRA DANIELS, M.S. Ms. Daniels is senior lecturer and departmental chairperson of human ecology and dietetics, as well as Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Community and Health Sciences at the University of the Western Cape in Bellville, South Africa. With research interests in sexuality, family and women’s issues, she is coauthor of chapters on “Sexual Harassment and Rape in Educational Settings,” “Sexual Attitudes and Behaviours of University Students,” and “Sex in South Africa” in Sex Counseling in University Settings.

Updates by Beldina Opiyo-Omolo, B.Sc. (See Associate Editor listing.)

South Korea:  Up to Chapter Selection

DR. HYUNG-KI CHOI, M.D. Director of the Sex Clinic at Yonsei Medical Center and the president of the Asian Federation of Sexology, Dr. Choi is one of the founders of the Asia-Pacific Society for Impotence Research (APSIR) and served the president for the APSIR. He is one of the leading scholars and therapists of the world in sexual impotence. Yongdong Severance Hospital, Dept of Urology, 146-92, Dogok-dong, Kangnam-ku, Seoul 135-270, South Korea; urol3887 @

MR. HUSO YI, a doctoral candidate in the Program in Human Sexuality, New York University, and Senior Research Associate at the National Development and Research Institute, his main interests are the global/cross-cultural aspects of sexual identity, health, and inequality. He was a cofounding member for the first gay student activist organization in Korea. Since 1995, he has worked for the rights of sexual minorities in Korea, given a number of presentations about East Asian gay and bisexual men, coauthored articles, and reviewed books on homosexuality. 18 First Place, #2, Brooklyn, NY 11231 USA; huso.yi @, or hy236 @

DR. YUNG-CHUNG KIM was a professor of history and Dean of the Graduate School at Ewha Women’s University. From 1977 to 1983, she served as the Director of the Korean Women’s Institute. In the mid 1980s, she was President of the Korean Women’s Development Institute. Currently, she is on the United Nations Committee for the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women.

DR. PILWHA CHANG has played a key role in the development of Women’s Studies and is affiliated with various women’s organizations. She was the Commissioner for the Presidential Commission of Women’s Affairs in 1998 and founded the Asian Center for Women’s Studies in 1995. She has been a professor of the Department of Women’s Studies, Graduate School of Ewha University from 1984 to the present.

DR. WHASON BYUN is the director of Family, Health, and Welfare Division of the Korean Women’s Development Institute (KWDI) and lecturer on Women’s Policy at Seong-Sin Women’s University. Her publications include articles on women’s and family issues.

Spain:  Up to Chapter Selection

JOSE ANTONIO NIETO, Ph.D. (Chapter Coordinator) Since receiving his doctorate from the New School for Social Research in New York, Dr. Nieto has specialized in the anthropology of sexuality. Currently Head Professor and Director of the Human Sexuality Program at the Universidad Nacional de Educacio a Distancia, he has authored Cultura y Sociedad en las Practicas Sexuale, La Sexualidad en la Sociedad Contemporanea, Lecturas Antropologicas, and Sexualidad y Deseo: Critica Anthropologica de la Cultura. Among his research interests are sexual behavior and HIV infections in Europe. Travesia de Tellez, 2, Escl. 1a-2o-A, Madrid, 28007 Spain; janieto @

JOSE ANTONIO CARROBLES, Ph.D. Dr. Carrobles is full professor and director of the Department of Biological Psychology and Health at the Universidad Autonoma in Madrid, and professor of sexology and sexual therapy in the Master’s Program in Human Sexuality at the Universidad Nacional de Educacio a Distancia in Madrid. His interests focus on sexual dysfunctions, sexual differences, sex therapy and the psychology of health.

MANUEL DELGADO RUIZ, Ph.D. Dr. Delgado Ruiz is professor of anthropology at the University of Barcelona and the Master’s Program in Human Sexuality at the Universidad Nacional de Educacio a Distancia in Madrid.

FELIX LOPEZ SANCHEZ, Ph.D. A professor of Psychology of Sexuality and Director of the Sexology Doctoral Program at the University of Salamanca, Dr. Sanchez is also a professor in the Master’s Program in Human Sexuality at the Universidad Nacional de Educacio a Distancia in Madrid and Director of the Center for Sexual Documentation in Salamanca. His publications include Principios Basicos de Educacion Sexual, Educacion Sexual en la Adolescencia, Para Comprender la Sexualidad, and Educacion Aexual en el Aula.

VIRGINA MAQUIEIRA D’ANGELO, Ph.D. Dr. Maquieira D’Angelo is professor in the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology at the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, and a professor in the Master’s Program in Human Sexuality at the Universidad Nacional de Educacio a Distancia in Madrid. A member of the Consejo del Instituto Universitario de Estudio de la Mujer and an International Editor for Gender and Society, she is also editor of Mujer y Hombres en la Formacion del Pensamiento Occidental and coeditor of Violencia y Sociedad Patriarcal.

JOSEP-VICENT MARQUES, Ph.D. Dr. Marques is professor in the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology at the University of Valencia, and a professor in the Master’s Program in Human Sexuality at the Universidad Nacional de Educacio a Distancia.

BERNARDO MORENO JIMENEZ, Ph.D., studied sexology at the Interdisciplinary Institute of Ciencias Sexologicas at Louvain, Belgium. He is professor of biological psychology and health at the Universidad Autonoma in Madrid and a professor in the Master’s Program in Human Sexuality at the Universidad Nacional de Educacio a Distancia.

RAQUEL OSBORNE VERDUGO, Ph.D., is professor of sociology at the Universidad Nacional de Educacio a Distancia and in the Master’s Program in Human Sexuality at the same university. Her publications include Las Prostitutes, Las Mujeres en la Encrucijada de la Sexualidad, and Sexualidad y Sexismo.

CARMELA SANZ RUEDA, Ph.D., is professor in the Department of Social Psychology at the Universidad Complutense in Madrid, and a professor in the Master’s Program in Human Sexuality at the Universidad Nacional de Educacio a Distancia. A founding member of the Instituto de Investigaciones Feministas de la Universidad Complutense, she has authored La Comunicacion Interpersonal en el Matrimonio: El Punto de Vista de la Mujer, Nuevas Perspectivas sobre la Mujer, and Genero y Sexualidad.

CARMELO VASQUEZ VALVERDE, Ph.D. Dr. Vasquez Valverde is professor of psychology at the Universidad Complutense in Madrid and a professor in the Master’s Program in Human Sexuality at the Universidad Nacional de Educacio a Distancia.

Sri Lanka:  Up to Chapter Selection

VICTOR C. De MUNCK, Ph.D., is a cognitive and cross-cultural anthropologist, interested in the variable and universal features of conceptions of the self and romantic love, and cultural model theory. He has recently published a monograph, Culture, Self and Meaning, and a number of cross-cultural studies on romantic love and gender, Lithuanian ethnography, and a comparative study of cultural models of romantic love and sexual choices in the United States and Russia. Department of Anthropology, State University of New York–New Paltz, New Paltz, NY 12561 USA; victor @

Comments by PATRICIA WEERAKOON, Ph.D., a native of Sri Lanka, she is currently a sexual/marital counselor and sexuality educator with the Medical Faculty of the University of Sydney (Australia). A lecturer in Biomedical Sciences, Dr. Weerakoon is a sexuality educator and researcher with special interest in sexuality and sexual health as relevant to health professional practice, and E-learning School of Biomedical Sciences. The University of Sydney, P.O. Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW 1825, Australia; P.Weerakoon @

Sweden:  Up to Chapter Selection

JAN TROST, Ph.D. Professor of Sociology at Sweden’s Uppsala University, Dr. Trost has served on the editorial staffs of numerous professional publications including Nordisk Sexologi, Journal of Marriage and the Family, and Alternative Lifestyles, and as an expert on the revision of Family Law for the Swedish Government. He has edited seven books, including The Family in Change, and authored or coauthored 11 books, including To Cohabit and to Marry: Facts and Foibles. Uppsala University, Department of Sociology, P.O. Box 821, S-751 08 Uppsala, Sweden; jan.trost @ [Dr. Trost also contributed an additional item to the Last-Minute Developments chapter.]

MAI-BRIHT BERGSTROM-WALAN, Ph.D. A psychologist, Dr. Berstrom-Walan is founder and director of the Swedish Institute for Sexual Research, a Diplomate of Sexology, and certified Sex Therapist. She organized the 1976 International Symposium of Sex Education and Therapy in Stockholm and served as Vice-President of the European Federation of Sexology. A registered midwife, she has authored several books on sex education and films, including The Swedish Hite Report. Tysbergavagen 41, Stockholm S-12241 Enskede, Sweden; maj.briht @

Switzerland:  Up to Chapter Selection

PROFESSOR JOHANNES BITZER is head of the division of psychosomatic obstetrics and gynecology in psychosocial medicine at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Basle. A gynecologist and psychotherapist, Professor Bitzer’s research interests include family planning, menopause, sexology, somatoform disorders, and teaching of psychosomatic obstetrics and gynecology.

DR. SIBIL TSCHUDIN, M.D. An obstetrician and gynecologist, Dr. Taschudin is Senior Lecturer in the division of psychosomatic obstetrics and gynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Basle. Her main fields of research are in adolescent gynecology, contraception, and sexology.

DR. JUDITH ALDER is a psychologist in the division of psychosomatic obstetrics and gynecology in psychosocial medicine. Her main research interests are in psycho-oncology, education, and body-image changes.

DR. ELISABETH ZEMP, Ph.D., is based in the Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Basle. Her main research focuses on women’s health, the epidemiology of women’s health, HIV, cancer, therapeutic abortion, and other issues.

PROFESSOR UDO RAUCHFLEISCH is a psychologist and former head psychologist of the Department of Psychiatry outpatient department. Professor Rauchfleisch is a leading researcher in a variety of fields in psychology and psychiatry: dissocial behavior, homosexuality, transsexualism, personality disorders, diagnostic classification and procedures in psychology and psychiatry, test psychology, and others.

ULRIKE KOSTKA is a theologian in the Division of medical ethics in medicine. His main interest is in the ethics of reproductive medicine.

Tanzania:  Up to Chapter Selection

PHILIP SETEL, Ph.D., is Project Director of the Adult Morbidity and Mortality Project of the Tanzanian Ministry of Health and a Reader in Health Transition Studies and Principal Research Associate at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. He has written extensively on AIDS, sexuality, fertility, and gender in Tanzania and Papua New Guinea. His 1999 book, A Plague of Paradoxes: AIDS, Culture, and Demography in Northern Tanzania (University of Chicago Press) was one of the first extended case studies of AIDS in Africa. Project Director, Adult Morbidity and Mortality Project (AMMP), Tanzanian Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 65243, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; setel.ammp @

YUSUSF HEMED, M.D., a District Medical Officer, Regional Medical Officer, and Consultant Gynaecologist/ Obstetrician, Dr. Hemed was Director of Hospital Services Ministry of Health, Tanzania, before becoming the Deputy Project Director of the Adult Morbidity and Mortality Project of the Tanzanian Ministry of Health. He has been involved extensively with Reproductive Health work in Tanzania and recently designed the National Monitoring and Evaluation Framework for the Multisectoral Response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Tanzania. hemed @

ELEUTHER MWAGENI, Ph.D., is Senior Lecturer in Demography and Population Studies in the Development Studies Institute, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogor, Tanzania. In addition to teaching demography and population studies to graduate and undergraduate students, he has been extensively involved in evaluating programs for teenage mothers and youth centers, the Family Planning Association of Tanzania, and collecting demographic and health-status data for the Ministry of Health. mwageni @, mwageni @, or emwageni @

Comments: BELDINA OPIYO-OMOLO, B.Sc. (See Associate Editor listing.)

Thailand:  Up to Chapter Selection

KITTIWUT JOD TAYWADITEP, Ph.D., grew up in northern Thailand. After he graduated from the medical school at the Chiang Mai University, he became involved in HIV/AIDS education, prevention, counseling, and research on human sexuality and HIV-risk. His work in Thailand was funded by the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies at the University of California, San Francisco. He received a doctoral degree in clinical psychology from the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC). His work in Chicago has focused on gender, sexuality, prejudice, GLBT psychology, and HIV-risk prevention. He currently works as a staff psychologist at the Counseling Center at UIC. University of Illinois at Chicago, Counseling Center (MC 333), 2010 SSB 1200 W. Harrison, Chicago IL 60607 USA; kittiwut @

PACHARIN DUMMRONGGITTIGULE, M.S. has been an instructor in biology at Payap University, Thailand, since 1986. She has been the principle investigator on a HIV-prevention project among married couples in northern Thai villages, and is a Senior Program Officer at the Thailand Research Fund in Bangkok.

ELI COLEMAN, Ph.D. Director and professor in the Program in Human Sexuality at the University of Minnesota Medical School, he is a past president and Fellow of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality, secretary of the World Association for Sexology, and editor of the Journal of Psychology of Human Sexuality. A key organizer in the World Association for Sexology, he has many publications to his credit and has done field research in sexology in Thailand. Human Sexuality Program, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Minneapolis MN 55454 USA; colem001 @

Comments by RYAN BISHOP, Ph.D., associate professor of English and American Studies at the National University of Singapore and coauthor of Night Market: Sexual Cultures and the Thai Economic Miracle and several other works on commercial sex in Thailand. Department of English, National University of Singapore, AS5, Singapore 117570; llrb @ LILLIAN S. ROBINSON, Ph.D., Coauthor of Night Market: Sexual Cultures and the Thai Economic Miracle, Dr. Robinsone is Professor of Women’s Studies and Principal of the Simone de Beauvoir Institute at Montreal’s Concordia University. Simone de Beauvoir Institute, Concordia University, 1455 de Maisonneuve Boulevard West-MU 201, Montreal, QC H3G 1M8 Canada; robinson @

Turkey:  Up to Chapter Selection

HAMDULLAH AYDIN, M.D., is professor of psychiatry at the Gulhane Military Medical Academy and Faculty of Medicine in Ankara. Following postdoctoral study and research at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas (1983-1984), much of his clinical work and education focuses on sexual dysfunctions, neuropsychology, and neurophysiology. Among his recent professional articles (in Turkish) are Sexuality and Sexual Function and Psychopharmacological Treatment in Sexual Dysfunctions. S. Adem Yavuz Sok 9/11, 06440 Kizilay, Ankara, Turkey; haydin @

ZEYNEP GÜLÇAT, Ph.D., is currently a clinical psychologist at the Gulhane Military Medical Academy and Faculty of Medicine in Ankara, Turkey. Her main interest is in sexual dysfunctions and neuropsychology. Among her recent professional publications (in Turkish) are A Study on the Psychology of Impotence, Paraphilias and Incest, and Sexual Identity and Sexual Orientation Disorder. Fevzi Çakmak Sok, 41/A-5, 06440 Kizilay, Ankara, Turkey; zeygul @

Ukraine:  Up to Chapter Selection

TAMARA HOVORUN (GOVORUN), Ph.D., is chair of the psychology department, assistant professor, and post-doctoral researcher at the Ukrainian Pedagogical University in Kiev, Ukraine. She is also the head of the psychological department of Kiev’s Research Sexology and Andrology Center, a member of the Ukrainian Psychologists’ Society, and chairman of Sexual Education in the Ukrainian Sexologists Society. Her research in sex education, psychosexual development, and psychotherapy of sexual disorders has led to many publications. Psychology Chair, Ukrainian Pedagogical University, 9 Pirogova Street, Kijiv 252030 Ukraine or 4/2 Solomjanska str. Apart. 111, Kijiv 252110 Ukraine; dhovorun @

BORYS M. VORNIK, Ph.D. Dr. Vornik is director of Kiev’s Research Sexology and Andrology Center, vice-president of the All-Union Sexologists’ Association (Ukraine), and chief of the Ukranian Commission for Transsexual Persons. P.O. Box 274, Kiev, 34 Ukraine 252034. vornik @

United Kingdom:  Up to Chapter Selection

KEVAN R. WYLIE, M.B., Ch.B., M.Med.Sc., M.R.C. Psych., D.S.M., coordinated and authored several sections for the U.K. chapter. He is a consultant psychiatrist at the Whiteley Wood Clinic and specialist in sexual medicine at the Clinic, Community Mental Health Care Directorate in Sheffield. A recent publication is Physical Treatments of Sexual Dysfunction in the Royal College of Psychiatry Monograph Series. In addition to recruiting and coordinating the specialists who created chapter, Dr. Wylie authored Section 5C5 on heterosexual behaviors, Section 8 on significant unconventional sexual behaviors, Section 12 on sexual dysfunctions and therapies, and Section 13 on advanced education, research and sexological organizations. Whiteley Wood Clinic, Woofindin Road, Sheffield S10 3TL England, UK; mail @ or k.r.wylie @

ANTHONY BAINS, B.A., is a gay men’s community worker at the Centre for HIV and Sexual Health in Sheffield. His interests include HIV prevention in gay and bisexual men. (Section 6 on homosexual, lesbian and bisexual issues.) Sheffield Centre for HIV & Sexual Health, 22 Collegiate Crescent, Sheffield S10 2BA UK.

TINA BALL, Ph.D., is a consultant clinical psychologist in learning disabilities, she also works as a member of the clinical team at the Porterbrook Clinic, a National Health Service for sexual and relationship difficulties. A specialist working with people with disabilities and sexual problems, she authored Section 5D on sexuality and persons with disabilities. Porterbrook Clinic, c/o Whiteley Wood Clinic, Woofindin Road, Sheffield S10 3TL UK.

PATRICIA BARNES, M.A., C.Q.S.W., BASMT(Accred.), UKCP registered psychotherapist, is director and clinician of the sex and marital therapy clinic, at the Psychiatric and Psychological Consultant Service in London. Editor of a 1994 special issue of the journal of the British Association for Sex and Marital Therapy on sex education, she also coauthored Woman’s Guide to Loving Sex. (Coauthored Section 3 on sexual knowledge and education.) British Association for Sex & Marital Therapy, 7 Grange Park Place, Thruston Rd., Wimbledon, London SW20 0EE UK.

ROHAN COLLIER, Ph.D., principal women’s advisor at the London Borough of Hendon, specializes in issues of sexual harassment and domestic violence. (Section 8B on sexual harassment.) 1 Old Palace Lane, Richmond Surrey, England 7W9 1PG UK.

JANE CRAIG, M.B., Ch.B., MRCP (UK), is registrar in genitourinary medicine at the Royal Hallamshire Hospital (Sheffield), where she manages the clinical aspects of genital herpes and HIV/AIDS. (Coauthored Section 10 on HIV/AIDS.) c/o Department of Genitourinary Medicine, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Glossof Road, Sheffield, S10 2JF UK.

LINDA DELANY, L.L.B., M.Jur., Solicitor, is a senior lecturer in the School of Law at Manchester Metropolitan University, where her interests focus of legal issues of healthcare. (Section 9C on abortion.) All Saints Oxford Road, Manchester, UK.

JULIA FIELD, B.A., is one of four authors of Sexual Behaviour in Britain: The National Survey of Attitudes and Lifestyles (1994). She coauthored Section 5C on interpersonal heterosexual adult behavior. Social and Community Planning Research, 35 Northampton Square, London EC1V 0AX UK.

DANYA GLASER, MBBS, D.CH., FRCPsych, is a consultant child and adolescent psychiatrist working with the victims of child sexual and emotional abuse. Her publications include coauthoring Child Sexual Abuse (1993), as well as authoring section 5A/B on heterosexual behavior of children and adolescents. Dept. of Psychological Medicine, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London WC1N 3JH UK.

PETER GREENHOUSE, M.A., MRCOG, MFFP, a consultant in sexual health at Ipswich Hospital, where he develops and integrates sexual health education with holistic clinical care, particularly in the management of sexually transmitted diseases. (Section 10 on sexually transmitted diseases.) Department of Sexual Health, Ipswich Hospital, Ipswich IP4 5PD UK.

MARY GRIFFIN, M.B., M.Sc., MFFP, is joint academic coordinator in the diploma program in couple relationship and sexual dysfunction at London’s Institute of Psychiatry, and clinical assistant in the Sexual Therapy Clinic at the Maudsley Hospital. (Section 9B on teenage pregnancy.) Room 56, O.P.D., Maudsley Hospital, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AZ UK.

MARGOT HUISH, B.A., BASMT (Accred.), holds a diploma in human sexuality from St. George’s Hospital Medical School, the University of London, where she is a course tutor and a sexual relationship therapist at Barnet General Hospital. (Section 4 on autoerotic behaviors and patterns.) 96 Hadley Road, New Barnet Herts EN5 5QR UK.

ANNE M. JOHNSON, M.A., M.Sc., M.D., is a staff member of the Academic Department of Genito-urinary Medicine, Mortimer Market Centre, in London and one of the four coauthors of Sexual Behaviour in Britain: The National Survey of Attitudes and Lifestyles (1994). (Section 5 on Interpersonal Heterosexual Adult Behavior.) Academic Department of Genitourinary Medicine, Mortimer Market Centre, off Capper Street, London WC1E 6AU UK.

GEORGE KINGHORN, M.D. FRCP, is clinical director for communicable diseases in the Central Sheffield University Hospitals, chairman of the Royal College of Physicians Genitourinary Medicine Committee, and has published widely, particularly on genital ulcer diseases, the control of sexually transmitted diseases, and the treatment of HIV infection and AIDS. (Section 11 on HIV/AIDS.) c/o Department of Genitourinary Medicine, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Glossof Road, Sheffield, S10 2JF UK.

HELEN MOTT, B.A. (Hons.) (social psychology) is a doctoral student in psychology at Lancaster University, specializing in sexual harassment. (Section 8B on sexual harassment.) 82 Pembroke Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 3EG UK.

PAULA NICOLSON, Ph.D., lectures in health psychology in the Department of Psychiatry, the Centre for Health and Related Research at Sheffield University. Chair elect of the British Psychological Society’s Psychology of Women Section, she coauthored Applied Psychology for Social Workers (1990), and coedited The Psychology of Women’s Health and Health Care (1992) and Female Sexuality (1994). (Section 2 on ethnic and religious influences.) Dept. of Psychiatry, Sheffield Centre for Health & Related Research, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield S14 DA UK.

JANE READ, B.A.(Hons.), a UKCP registered psychotherapist accredited by the British Association for Sexual and Marital Therapy, holds Diplomas in counseling and in human sexuality. Her publications include Counseling for Fertility Problems (1995) and a 1995 article on “Female Sexual Dysfunction” in the International Review of Psychiatry. (Section 9C on abortion.) 16 Hatfield Road, Chiswick, London W4 1AF UK.

FRAN READER, FRCOG, MFFP, BASMT (Accred.), is a consultant in family planning and reproductive health in the Reproductive and Sexual Health Care Centre at Ipswich Hospital, NHS Trust, Ipswich, Suffolk. (Section 9A on contraception.) Old Rectory, 100 Seckford Street, Woodbridge, Suffock 1P12 4LZ UK.

GWYNETH SAMPSON, DPM, MRCPsych., is an honorary lecturer at the University of Sheffield and a consultant psychiatrist at the Porterbrook Clinic in Sheffield. (Section 7 on gender diversity.)

PETER SELMAN, Ph.D., DPSA, senior lecturer and head of the department of social policy at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, has published extensively on family planning services, population studies, demographic analysis, and comparative social policy. In addition to books on Society and Fertility (1979) and Family Planning (1987), he authored Section 9D on population planning.

JOSÉ M. A. HERBERT-PARDO VON BÜHLER, R.M.N., CPN, Dip.H.S., is a specialist in Human Sexuality and Relationship Psychotherapy, Cardinal Clinic, Bishops Lodge, Oakley Green, Berkshire. Author of Human Sexuality and Relationship Psychotherapy, he also coauthored section 3 on sexual knowledge and education.

JANE WADSWORTH, B.Sc., M.Sc., a staff member at the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School, London. She is also coauthor of Sexual Behaviour in Britain: The National Survey of Attitudes and Lifestyles (1994). (Section 5 on Interpersonal Heterosexual Adult Behavior.)

KAYE WELLINGS, M.A., M.Sc., works in the AIDS Public Education in Europe department at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. She is one of the four authors of Sexual Behaviour in Britain: The National Survey of Attitudes and Lifestyles (1994). (Section 5 on Interpersonal Heterosexual Adult Behavior). AIDS Public Education in Europe, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT UK.

STEPHEN WHITTLE, Ph.D., M.A., L.L.B., is a lecturer in law at the School of Law, Manchester Metropolitan University, where he specializes in issues of gender, sex, sexuality, and the law. Vice-president of Press for Change, he coauthored Section 7 on gender diversity. School of Law, Manchester Metropolitan University, Hathersage Rd., Manchester M13 0JA UK.

The United States of America:  Up to Chapter Selection

DAVID L. WEIS. Ph.D., coeditor, is currently a professor of human development and family studies at Bowling Green State University in Ohio. A member of and officer for the National Council on Family Relations, the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality, and the International Network on Personal Relationships, he also served as an associate editor for the Journal of Sex Research. Weis has published numerous research articles in professional journals in such areas as adolescent sexuality, marital exclusivity, marital and sexual belief systems, sexual interaction processes, peer education programming, and has conducted workshops in these areas, as well as in interpersonal communications, intimacy, flirtation behavior, dual-career marriages, and black families. Weis received the Hugo Beigel Award for Outstanding Sexuality Research for his study of the emotional reactions to first intercourse. (Introduction; Section 1, Basic Sexological Premises; and Section 5, Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors.) Bowling Green State University, Family and Consumer Science, Bowling Green, OH 43403-0001 USA; weis @
[Go to In Memoriam: Dr. David Lee Weis]

PATRICIA BARTHALOW KOCH, Ph.D., coeditor of the United States of America chapter, is an associate professor of biobehavioral health and health education at Pennsylvania State University. She earned a master’s degree in the Program in Human Sexuality, Marriage, and Family Life Education at New York University and studied in Japan and Sweden. Her doctorate is in health education from Pennsylvania State University, specializing in sexuality education, sexual health issues, human development, and counseling. She has many publications, including a textbook, Exploring Our Sexuality: An Interactive Text (Kendall/Hunt). (Section 3, Sexuality Knowledge and Education; and Section 9, Contraception and Abortion.) Pennsylvania State University, 304 East Henderson Bldg., University Park, PA 16802 USA; p34 @

Biographical Sketches: Section Authors/Updaters:

Most of the following contributors are active members of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality, and several have held national or regional offices in the Society.

DIANE E. BAKER is completing her doctoral dissertation on child sexual abuse in the Psychology Department at Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York. (Section 8A, Incest and Child Sexual Abuse.)

SUSAN BARGAINNIER, Ed.D., is an assistant professor at the State University of New York in Oswego, specializing in wellness promotion. (A Door to the Future: Sexuality on the Information Superhighway.)

MARK O. BIGLER, Ph.D., is a lifelong member of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints, a graduate of New York University’s doctoral program in human sexuality, and director of community education programs at the Utah AIDS Foundation. (Section 2A, Sexuality and the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints.)

WALTER BOCKTING, Ph.D., an Assistant Professor at the Program in Human Sexuality, Department of Family Practice and Community Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, he is editor of Masturbation as a Means of Achieving Sexual Health (2003). (Section 4B, Autoeroticism.)

PEGGY CLARKE, M.P.H., is former president of the American Social Health Association and former assistant commissioner for AIDS Program Services of the New York City Department of Health. She currently teaches health education at Fashion Institute of Technology (State University of New York) in Manhattan. (Section 10A, HPV and Cervical Cancer)

SARAH C. CONKLIN, Ph.D., earned an M.A. degree in guidance and counseling from the University of St. Thomas, an M.A. in theology from United Theological Seminary of the Twin Cities (Minneapolis-St. Paul), and a Ph.D. in human sexuality education from the University of Pennsylvania. She is currently an assistant professor of health and sexuality education at the University of Wyoming (Laramie). (Section 12, Clergy Education).

AL COOPER, Ph.D., director of the San Jose Marital and Sexuality Centre, edited the first professional book on Sex and the Internet: A Guidebook for Clinicians (Brunner-Routledge, 2003). alcooper @ (Online Sexual Activity.)

MARTHA CORNOG, M.A., M.S. (See listing above for Associate Editors.) (Section 4, Autoeroticism, and Section 12, Sexuality Research and Advanced Education.)

RICHARD CROSS, M.D., pioneered medical school sexuality education while he was a professor at the Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ. (Section 12E, Medical School Education.)

SUSAN DUDLEY, Ph.D., has been involved with reproductive issues throughout her career: from basic physiological research on reproduction, to an NIH-sponsored faculty appointment in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Pennsylvania State University Medical School, and as Deputy Director at the National Abortion Federation (NAF) from 1998 to 2003. (Section 9C, Abortion.)

WARREN FARRELL, Ph.D., the author of Why Men Are the Way They Are, The Myth of Male Power, and Women Can’t Hear What Men Don’t Say, has taught at the School of Medicine at the University of California in San Diego, as well as in psychology, women’s studies, sociology, and political science. He is a former Board Member of N.O.W. in NYC, an American Board of Sexology Certified Sex Therapist, and frequent keynoter at sexuality conferences.; warren @ (Section 2B, Emerging Men’s Perspectives on Sexuality.)

MARILYN A. FITHIAN, Ph.D., is cofounder of the Center for Marital and Sexual Studies, Long Beach, California, and coauthor of Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction, Any Man Can, and other works. (Section 12, Sexual Dysfunctions and Therapies.)

JAMES R. FLECKENSTEIN is President and CEO of the Institute for 21st Century Relationships, a charitable education and research organization dedicated to fostering and supporting complete freedom of relationship choice among consenting adults. (Section 5C, Polyamory.)

JEANNIE FORREST, M.Ed., worked for seven years as a family educator with the Church of the Latter-Day Saints and was married to a Mormon. She earned an M.Ed. degree in health education in the Human Sexuality Program at New York University. (Section 2A, Sexuality and the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints.)

ANDREW D. FORSYTH is a fourth-year graduate student in clinical psychology in the Department of Psychology at Syracuse University whose interests include the assessment of high-risk sexual behaviors among at-risk groups. (Section 10: HIV/AIDS.)

ROBERT T. FRANCOEUR, Ph.D. (See listing under Editors.) (Sections 2, Religious Values, 4, Autoerotic Behavior, 5, Sexuality and Older Persons, 8, Sexual Harassment, Prostitution, and Pornography, 10, STDs, 12, Research Assessment, and Conclusion: “Call to Action.”)

BARBARA GARRIS, M.A., earned a bachelor’s degree in anthropology and sociology at Mountclair State University and did graduate studies at New York University in women’s studies. She worked for AT&T. (Legal Challenges to Free Speech on the Internet.)

PATRICIA GOODSON, Ph.D. After a master’s degree in philosophy of education from the Pontificia Universidade Catolica de Campinas, Brazil, and an M.A. in general theological studies (Covenant Theological Seminary, St. Louis, MO), she completed her doctorate in health education at the University of Texas (Austin). She is currently an assistant professor in health at the University of Texas (San Antonio). (Section 12: Clergy Education).

ERICA GOODSTONE, Ph.D., received her doctorate in human sexuality, marriage, and family living at New York University. Former Science and Research Chair and board member (U.S. Association for Body Psychotherapy), Chair and Professor/Health & Physical Education (FIT/SUNY), Dr. Goodstone is a certified sex therapist, licensed and board-certified marriage and family therapist, and massage and bodywork therapist. DrErica @ (Section 11C, Holistic and Touch Therapies.)

KAREN ALLYN GORDON, M.P.H., Ph.D. (cand.), a researcher, teacher, and administrator in public health and health education for over 25 years in nonprofit and university health settings, focuses her work on sexuality education, personal health promotion, substance-use prevention, implementation of U.S. national health objectives, and teacher training. She currently teaches at Fashion Institute of Technology/SUNY and the College of New Jersey. (Section 10A, STDs.)

ERIC GRIFFIN-SHELLEY, Ph.D., a licensed psychologist in private practice (Lafayette Hill, PA), specializes in sexual addiction treatment. He has authored Sex and Love: Addiction Treatment and Recovery (1991) and edited Adolescent Sex and Love Addicts (1994). Ericgs1 @ (Online Sexual Activity.)

WILLIAM E. HARTMAN, Ph.D., recently deceased, was cofounder of the Center for Marital and Sexual Studies, Long Beach, California, and coauthor of Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction, Any Man Can, and other works. (Section 12, Sexual Dysfunctions and Therapies.)

ROBERT W. HATFIELD, Ph.D., is an adjunct professor of psychology at the University of Cincinnati (Ohio) and associate director of the university’s Psychological Services Center. A board-certified sexual counselor and therapist, Dr. Hatfield is particularly interested in the therapeutic effects of touch (somatosensory stimulation). (Section 11, Sexual Dysfunction)

ROBERT HAWKINS, Ph.D., former associate dean of the School of Allied Health Professions at the Health Sciences Center of the State University of New York at Stony Brook, is also coauthor of Counseling Lesbian Women and Gay Men: A Life-Issues Approach. (Section 6, Homosexual and Lesbian Issues.)

LINDA L. HENDRIXSON, Ph.D., focused her doctoral dissertation for the human sexuality program at New York University on issues of HIV-positive women in rural northwestern New Jersey. She has taught at various New Jersey and Pennsylvania universities and published on issues related to sexuality and health education. (Section 10B, Emerging Issues in HIV/AIDS)

BARRIE J. HIGHBY, Ph.D., is a clinical psychologist in the U.S. Air Force at the Ramstein Air Force Base in Germany. She completed her Ph.D. in Psychology at the University of Kansas in 2001. Her research was on perceptions of the causes and prevention of rape. (Section 8A, Sexual Coercion and Rape.)

LORAINE HUTCHINS, Ph.D., a sexologist and sex coach in Washington, DC, she has researched contemporary forms of sacred sexualities in the U.S., and coedited the groundbreaking anthology Bi Any Other Name: Bisexual People Speak Out. Her latest research, a book on Harlots and Healers, examines the emerging professions of sex coaching, sacred intimacy, and sexological bodywork. lorainehutchins @ (Section 2A, Spirituality and Sexuality Movements.)

MICHAEL HYDE, M.F.A., Ph.D. (cand.), is completing doctoral work at New York University and has conducted social research concerning the intersection of gay identity and public aesthetics. His dissertation examines the prescriptive use of literature during the last century as a moralizing agent in American education and homosexual culture. He teaches writing, short fiction, and gay and lesbian literature at Fashion Institute of Technology/SUNY in Manhattan. (Gay and Lesbian Literature)

ARIADNE (ARI) KANE, Ed.D., is a nationally known gender specialist, author, and educator, as well as a diplomat of the American Board of Sexology. (Section 7, Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues.)

SHARON KING, M.S.Ed., graduated from the Human Sexuality Program at the University of Pennsylvania where she completed all but her dissertation for the doctorate. Her specialty is survivor therapy. (Section 8A, Child Sexual Abuse and Incest.)

JOHN MONEY, Ph.D., is professor emeritus of pediatrics and of medical psychology at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Among the many national and international honors he has received are the Harry Benjamin Distinguished Scholar Award, the Masters and Johnson Award, and a special award from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development on the occasion of its 25th anniversay. Author of numerous seminal and pioneering works on gender and psychosexual development, his major works include: The Adam Principle: Genes, Genitals, Hormones, & Gender; The Principles of Developmental Sexology; Vandalized Lovemaps; Venuses Penuses; Gay, Straight and Inbetween; Lovemaps; and The Destroying Angel. (Epilogue.)

ROBERT MORGAN LAWRENCE, D.C., is on the Board of Advisors of San Francisco Sex Information. He lectures extensively about sexuality and health. (Section 6B, Bisexuality.)

BRENDA LOVE is author of the Encyclopedia of Unusual Sex and has worked at the Institute for the Advanced Study of Human Sexuality in San Francisco. (Section 8D, Paraphilic Behaviors.)

CHARLENE L. MUEHLENHARD, Ph.D., is an associate professor of psychology and women’s studies at the University of Kansas. Her research focuses on rape and other forms of sexual coercion, as well as on communication and miscommunication about sex. (Section 8A, Sexual Coercion and Rape.)

RAYMOND J. NOONAN, Ph.D. (See listing under Editors and the chapter on Outer Space and Antarctica.) (Sections 1C, Sex and Terrorism, 2B, Heterophobia, 8A, Clergy Sexual Abuse, and False Accusations of Sexual Harassment and Rape, 10B, Impact of AIDS on Our Perception of Sex, 11E, Sex Surrogates, 12A, Gender Differences in Sex Research, Sex in American Popular Culture and in Music Lyrics, and Conclusion: “Call to Action.”)

MIGUEL A. PERÉZ, Ph.D., teaches kinesiology at the Fresno campus of the California State University, where he also pursues an interest in sexuality. (Section 2B, Latino Sexuality.)

TIMOTHY PERPER, Ph.D. (See listing under Associate Editors, and Preface.) (Section 2A, Religious Values and Sexuality.)

HELDA L. PINZÓN-PERÉZ, Ph.D., is a Colombian-born nurse with wide experience in public health. A professor at Pennsylvania State University, her research interest include Latino/a health issues, community health, and Latino/a adolescent health. (Section 2B, Latino Sexuality.)

WILLIAM E. PRENDERGAST, Ph.D., a clinical psychologist at the New Jersey State, Adult Diagnostic and Treatment Center for sex offenders for 30 years, is the author of the Merry-Go-Round of Sexual Abuse: Identifying and Treating Survivors, Sexual Abuse of Children and Adolescents, and Treating Sex Offenders in Correctional Institutions and Outpatient Clinics. (Section 8A, Clergy Sexual Abuse.)

CAROL QUEEN has written extensively on bisexuality and other topics related to sexual diversity, including Exhibitionism for the Shy: Show Off, Dress Up, and Talk Hot (1995). She is a cultural sexologist in the doctorate program at the Institute for Advanced Study of Human Sexuality. (Section 6B, Bisexuality.)

RUTH P. RUBINSTEIN, Ph.D., is an associate professor of sociology at the Fashion Institute of Technology/State University of New York in Manhattan. Her research and publications have mostly been on the phenomenon of fashion, including “Color, Circumcision, Tattoos and Scars,” in Psychology of Fashion, and Dress Codes and Messages in American Culture. (Seduction of Fashion.)

HERBERT P. SAMUELS, Ph.D., is associate professor of natural and applied sciences at the City University of New York/Laguardia Community College. (Section 2B, African-American Sexuality.)

JULIAN SLOWINSKI, Psy.D., is a marital and sex therapist at Pennsylvania Hospital and faculty member at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry. (Section 11, Sexual Dysfunctions and Therapies.)

WILLIAM STACKHOUSE, Ph.D., is director of the HIV Prevention Program for the Bureau of HIV Program Services at the New York City Department of Health, and adjunct assistant professor in the Graduate Department of Applied Psychology at New York University. (Section 6, Male Homosexuality and Lesbianism.)

WILLIAM R. STAYTON, Th.D., is assistant professor of psychiatry and human behavior at Jefferson Medical College and adjunct professor in the Human Sexuality Program at Widener University (Pennsylvania) (Section 11, Sexual Dysfunctions and Therapies.)

WILLIAM TAVERNER, M.A., education director for Planned Parenthood Association of Greater Northern New Jersey, editor of Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in Human Sexuality, and coauthor of Positive Images: Teaching Abstinence, Contraception, and Sexual Health Educating about Abortion, and Streetwise to Sex-Wise: Sexuality Education for High-Risk Youth. (Section 3, Sexuality Education, and Section 9A, Contraception.)

MITCHELL S. TEPPER, M.P.H., Ph.D., has specialized in sexuality and disabilities and received his doctorate at the University of Pennsylvania, Program in Human Sexuality. (Section 5D, Sexuality and People with Disabilities.)

C. CHRISTINE WHEELER, Ph.D., is past president of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association, and a prolific speaker and writer on gender diversity, counseling, and therapy. (Section 7C, Gender Diversity.)

WALTER L. WILLIAMS, Ph.D., an ethnohistorian, professor of Anthropology, History, and Gender Studies at the University of Southern California, and author of the international award-winner, The Spirit and the Flesh: Sexual Diversity in American Indian Culture, and other important ethnographic studies. (Section 2B, Native American Sexuality.)

Vietnam:  Up to Chapter Selection

JAKOB PASTÖTTER, M.A., Ph.D. Deputy Director of the Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology at Humboldt University (Berlin) for several years, Dr. Pastoetter is a member of the Governing Board of DGSS (German Society for Social Scientific Sexuality Research), book review editor for Sexuality and Culture, and European Associate Editor for CCIES. A 1998-2000 Visiting Scholar at the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction, his doctorate is in human ontogenetics (Humboldt University, Berlin). His most recent publication is an article on “Pornography as Academic Field of Research” [“Pornographie als Akademisches Forschungsfeld”] in Sexualmedizin (September, 2000, 22:247-250). Duenzelbach 10, 82272 Moorenweis, Germany. jmpastoetter @ [More brief biographical information at his listing in the Associate Editors section.]

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Acknowledgments from Robert T. Francoeur, Editor

First and foremost, I must acknowledge the crucial role of the 280 colleagues who were so convinced of the importance of this project that they took time in their busy professional lives to write on the 62 countries and places that are now in this volume. I thank each one of them for their generous dedication, the time and energy they gave to this “labor of love.”

In 1995, Jack Heidenry, a dear friend of 40 some years, stepped in with an invitation to publish the first three volumes with Continuum International the same week my initial publisher refused to publish a multivolume Encyclopedia.

In 1996, Dr. Ray Noonan stepped into his labor with IES at a critical time in our early production when we needed a copyeditor and graphic design person knowledgeable in sexology. His invaluable services merited promotion to associate editor for IES-4, and as editor for the present volume. CCIES would not be if not for his calm, unflappable, and methodical creativity and skills in editing, design, and typography.

Another friend and colleague, Dr. Eli Coleman, director of the Program in Human Sexuality at the University of Minnesota Medical School, must be mentioned. Around 1995, Eli, Kittiwut Jod Taywaditep, and Pacharin Dumronggittigule produced a fascinating insider/outsider picture of sexuality in Thailand for IES-3. Just before IES 1-3 went to the printer, Eli, then Secretary General of the World Association for Sexology, diplomatically facilitated WAS endorsement of IES as “an important and significant contribution to our understanding and appreciation of the rich diversity of human sexual attitudes, values, and behavior around the world.”

The addition of several new associate editors made the challenge of creating CCIES a good bit smoother, so I must thank them: Luciane Raibin for her patient work as my communications bridge with our Latino and Portuguese contributors; Beldina Opiyo-Omolo, a native of Kenya and graduate student in public health administration at Stroudsburg State University, for her research and communications with a half-dozen African nations; Jakob Pastoetter, whom I met at the Kinsey Institute in time to prepare an IES-4 chapter on Vietnam, who then joined CCIES as an associate editor. In the last months before publication of CCIES, Jakob managed to recruit a dozen enthusiastic experts to write chapters on Botswana, Denmark, Bulgaria, and Switzerland.

Time and time again, Martha Cornog and Timothy Perper, associate editors for information resources, drew on their many years of varied editorial and library experience to advise me on major content and editorial decisions. They always came through just when I needed them most.

Evander Lomke, our Senior Editor at Continuum for IES-4 and CCIES, could not have been more supportive and helpful in guiding us through the intricacies of creating and publishing what started as a 400-page single volume dealing with 20 countries and ended as a unique sexological reference and resource.

Finally, we are pleased to thank UNAIDS HIV/AIDS Information and Data,, for granting permission to reprint their brief country-by-country Assessment of Epidemiological Situation. The assessments provided in this volume were current as of January 1, 2003, and the latest available at press time. Readers of CCIES are referred to the regularly updated assessments and complete information available on the Internet at [Update July 2006: Although these assessments no longer appear to be available in one place at their website, researchers will find a wealth of information and data there on HIV/AIDS around the world. (End of update by the Editors)]