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Virginia J. Vitzthum
Senior Scientist
The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction
Department of Anthropology, Indiana University
Morrison Hall 313
Indiana University
Bloomington, IN 47405
Phone: (812) 855-7686
Download CV (pdf)

Dr. Vitzthum's Evolutionary Anthropology Lab

Professor Virginia J. Vitzthum in the Andes
Ph.D., Anthropology, University of Michigan, 1986
M.A., Biological Anthropology, University of Michigan, 1980
B.S./B.A., Biology and Anthropology, Queens College, 1977
Research Statement

An evolutionary biologist, Dr. Vitzthum’s work of the past 20 years has focused on the determinants of variation in human female reproductive functioning. During the mid-90s at the Bolivian Institute for High Altitude Biology, Vitzthum directed Project REPA, a longitudinal study of hormonal variation in highland Bolivian women. Vitzthum found unequivocally that lower hormone levels were normal for Bolivian women. Despite living at a high altitude and consuming an average of only 1800 calories a day, they were able to conceive with lower hormone levels than are considered normal for American women.

Vitzthum’s most recent work is focused on the causes of this hormonal variation. In 2006 she studied nomadic Mongolian herders, whose caloric intake is similar to Bolivians but whose consumption of animal fat is closer to that of Americans. She spent last year at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, measuring hormone levels in women born in the former East and West Germanys, where both diet and activity patterns differed before reunification.

“What we eat and what we do is at the heart of the intersection between biology and culture. Especially important is whether an adult experience of diet and exercise differs dramatically from one experienced in childhood. Who we are as adults is very much a reflection of who we were as children.”

Vitzthum sees her work as a bridge to the world of applied health policy such as to contraceptive technology, where less hormonal variation among woman and populations is assumed than her research indicates.

Read an interview with Dr. Vitzthum, "Scientist at Work. (IU newsroom, 8/09)

Research Interests
  • variation in human female reproduction
  • contraceptive technology
  • applied health policy
Recent Awards & Grants
  • National Science Foundation Grant (2011-2013), Project: "EAGER: Testing genotype-hormone associations in circumpolar ancestral and descendant populations," Co-investigators: Virginia J. Vitzthum, Gregory E. Demas, Jamie L. Renbarger, Kenneth P. Nephew.
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow, elected 2011.
Selected Publications
Vitzthum, V. J., Thornburg, J., and Spielvogel, H. (2009). Seasonal Modulation of Reproductive Effort During Early Pregnancy in Humans. American Journal of Human Biology. DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.20936. Online version available at Wiley Interscience website.
Vitzthum, V. J., Worthman, C. M., Beall, C.M., Thornburg, J., Vargas, E., Villena, M., Soria, R., Caceres, E. and Spielvogel, H. (2009). Seasonal and Circadian Variation in Salivary Testosterone in Rural Bolivian Men. American Journal of Human Biology. DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.20927. Online version available at Wiley Interscience website.
Vitzthum, V.J. (2008). Evolutionary models of women’s reproductive functioning. Annual Review of Anthropology. 37: 53-73.
Vitzthm, V. J., & Ringheim, K. (2005). Hormonal Contraception and Physiology: A Research-based Theory of Discontinuation Due to Side Effects. Studies in Family Planning, 36(1): 13–32.
Vitzthum, V.J., Spielvogel, H., Thornburg, J. (2004). Interpopulational differences in progesterone levels during conception and implantation in humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101(6): 1443-1448.
Vitzthum, V.J. (2001). The home team advantage: reproduction in women indigenous to high altitude The Journal of Experimental Biology, 204: 3141–3150.



For a full list of Kinsey Institute research publications, with selected .pdf files, please visit our Kinsey Institute Staff Publications page.

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