The Arts of Africa, Oceania, and the Americas
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Native America



Pre-Columbian Americas
Teotihuacan culture, Mexico
Classic period, A.D. 200–750
Metamorphic granite
H. 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm)
Raymond and Laura Wielgus Collection
Indiana University Art Museum, 79.6.2

Teotihuacan craftsmen painstakingly carved stone masks such as this one using carving and chipping tools fashioned from bone, horn, and stone, drills from bird bone, and water and sand for abrasion. Though the masks are generally considered funerary, some scholars believe they may have been attached to wooden figures or armatures in order to resemble more costly figures made entirely of stone.