The Arts of Africa, Oceania, and the Americas
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New Ireland
Friction Drum, Livika
Before 1909–13
Wood, opercula, traces of lime
Raymond and Laura Wielgus Collection
Indiana University Art Museum, 97.2


Unique to New Ireland, this type of friction drum represents a bird on its back, which has its eyes marked by shells. Men played such drums during memorial and initiation ceremonies by rubbing moistened hands across the three tongues at the top, each of which produces a different note.