The Treaty of Trianon and Its Consequences
On March 3rd, 2014, Professor Laszlo Borhi gave a talk on "The Treaty of Trianon and Its Consequences". Professor Borhi is Senior Research Fellow, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, former Hungarian Chair and Fulbright Professor at IU.
In 1920 at the end of the World War I, the Allies signed the Treaty of Trianon with Austria-Hungary to break up its territories and surrounding areas to form the Kingdom of Hungary, Kingdom of Austria, the Kingdom of Romania, the Czechoslovak Republic, and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (also known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia). In the treaty Hungarians lost two-thirds of their former territory, which also greatly changed the ethnic composition of its increased, neighboring polities. Ethnic Hungarian communities now reside in multiple countries. The dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire destabilized the region, drawing imperfect borders that encouraged ethno-nationalist movements and in-fighting. The peacemakers of the Treaty of Trianon were not as concerned with creating new geographic borders to match the mosaics of ethnic groups throughout the region as they were with containing the Germans and the Bolsheviks of Russia. It was hoped that viable nation-states could stabilize by Europe, but the expansion of the Nazis in World War II showed that these new nation-states could not overcome their mutual hostilities to work against larger threats. The repercussions of the Treaty of Trianon and redrawing of borders continue to impact this area today, exemplifying that “History is never history; it is always present and part of politics.”
You can listen to the full lecture here.