Books and Book Chapters


Zhu C. and Anderson G. M. (2002) Environmental Applications of Geochemical Modeling, Cambridge University Press, London, hardback ISBN 0-521-80907-X; paperback 0-521-00577-9, 304 pp. web link


Zhu, C. (2012) Current Status of Geochemical Modeling in Environmental and Geological Studies, Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Robert A. Meyers (Ed.), Springer. DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3. Hardcover, ISBN 978-0-387-89469-0.  Web link


Kelly, S., Lu, P., Newville, M.G., Bolin, T., Chattopadhyay, S., Shibata, T., Zhu, C., Molecular structure of Lead (II) coprecipitated with Iron(III) oxyhydroxide. Chapter 3 in Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II: Variables, Mechanisms, and Model Applications. M. Barnett and D. Kent (ed.), pp. 67-94, Developments in Earth & Environmental Sciences 7, Elsevier, February 18, 2008. 

DOI: 10.1016/S1571-9197(07)07003-6.

Conference Proceedings paper that turned out to be important

Zhu, C., A.E. Blum, D.R. Veblen (2004) Feldspar dissolution rates and clay precipitation in the Navajo aquifer at Black Mesa, Arizona, USA. Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction WRI-11, Vol. 2 (ed. R. B. Wanty and R. R. I. Seal), 27 June-2 July, 2004, Saratoga Springs, New York, A.A. Balkema, pp. 895-899.  web link

 Refereed Journal Publications

(student or post-doc advisees;corresponding author when not the first author)



#51, Ji, X. and Zhu C. A SAFT Equation of State for the Quaternary H2S-CO2-H2O-NaCl system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta favorably reviewed Nov 28, 2011 and resubmitted 23 April 2012; accepted May 16, 2012. .

#50, Lu, P., Fu, Q., Seyfried Jr., WE, Jones, K., and Zhu, C., Coupled alkali feldspar dissolution and secondary mineral precipitation in batch systems: 2. Effects of CO2 and implications for carbon sequestration. Applied Geochemistry Doi 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2012.04.005

#49,Liu, Y., P. Lu, C. Griffith, Y. Soong, S. W. Hedges, H. Hellevang, C. Zhu, CO2-caprock-brine interaction: Reactivity experiments on Eau Claire Shale and a review of literature. The International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control.  (7)153–167,

#48, Zhu, C. G. Rehrey, B. Treadwell, C. C. Johnson, Looking Back to Move Ahead: How Students Learn Deep Geological Time by Predicting Future Environmental Impacts. Journal of College Science Teaching - A peer-reviewed journal published by the National Science Teachers Association. 41(3), 61-66.  Web link


#47, Zhu, C. The globalization of Chinese geosciences: A threat or an opportunity?  Elements 7 (6), 368-367, December 2011. Web link

#46, Lu, P., NT Nuhfer, S. Kelly, Q. Li, H. Konishi, E. Elswick, C. Zhu.  Pb2+ coprecipitation with iron oxyhydroxide nano-particles. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75, 4547-4561, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.05.035.

#45, Zhu, C. and FW Schwartz, Hydrogeochemical processes and their controls on water quality and water management, Elements 7 (3), 169-174, June 2011. DOI: 10.2113/gselements.7.3.169

#44, Oelkers, OH, Hering, J, Zhu, C.  Water: Is there a global crisis. Elements 7 (3), 157-162, June 2011. doi: 10.2113/​gselements.7.3.157

#43, Su, W., Hongtao Zhang,  Ruizhong Hu,  Xi Ge,  Bin Xia,  Y. Chen, and C. Zhu, Mineralogy and geochemistry of gold-bearing arsenian pyrite from the Shuiyindong Carlin-type gold deposit, Guizhou, China: Implications for gold depositional processes. Mineralium Deposita. DOI 10.1007/s00126-011-0328-9.

#42, Pham, V.T.H. , P. Lu, P. Aagaard, C. Zhu, H. Hellevang, On the potential of CO2-water-rock interactions for CO2 storage using a modified kinetic model. The International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control  5(4), 1002-1015. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2010.12.002.

#41, Liu, Y., P. Lu, C. Zhu, Y. Xiao (2011) Coupled reactive transport modeling of CO2 Sequestration in the Mt. Simon Sandstone Formation, Midwest U.S.A. The International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 52(2), 294-307. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2010.08.008.

#40, Lu, P, Fu, Q., Seyfried, W.E. Jr, Hereford, A.G., Zhu, C. (2011) Navajo Sandstone-Brine-CO2 interaction: Implications for Geological Carbon Sequestration. Environmental Earth Sciences, 62 (1): 101-118  DOI: 10.1007/s12665-010-0501-y.

#39, Lu, P., Zhu, C. (2011) Arsenic Eh-pH Diagrams at 25 oC and 1 bar. Environmental Earth Sciences, v. 62(8), 1673 - 1683. DOI: 10.1007/s12665-010-0652-x.


#38, Ji, X. and Zhu, C., Modelling of phase equilibria in the H2S-H2O system with statistical associating fluid theory. Energy & Fuels v. 24, 6208-6213. DOI:10.1021/ef100847j.

#37, McKnight-Whitford, A., B. Chen, H. Naranmandura, C. Zhu, and  X. Chris Le, New Method and Detection of High Concentrations of Monomethylarsonous Acid Detected in Contaminated Groundwater.  Environmental Sciences & Technology. 44, 5875-5880. DOI: 10.1021/es100273b.

#36, Zhu C. and Kipfer, R., Noble Gas Evidence for the Passing of the Southern Branch of Jet Streams in Late Pleistocene over Black Mesa, Arizona, USA, Geology, v.38, no.1, 83-86; DOI: 10.1130/G30369.1

#35, Liu,  Y.,  Le, C, McKnight-Whitford, A., Xia, Y., Wu, F., Elswick, E., Johnson, C.C., Zhu, C., Antimony Speciation and Contamination of Waters in Xikuangshan Sb Mining and Smelting Area, China. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, v. 32 (5), 401-414, DOI: 10.1007/s10653-010-9284-z.

#34, Zhu, C., Lu, P., Zheng, Z., Ganor, J., Coupled Alkali Feldspar Dissolution and Secondary Mineral Precipitation in Batch Systems: 4. Numerical modeling of reaction path. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v.74, 3963-3983. DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2010.04.012.


#33, Zhu, C., Geochemical modeling of reaction paths and networks. Chapter 12 in Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Water-rock Interactions. E.H. Oelkers and J. Schott (eds), Review in Mineralogy and Geochemistry vol.70, pp. 533-569, June 2009.  DOI: 0.2138/rmg.2009.70.12.

#32, Zhu, C., and Lu, P., Alkali Feldspar Dissolution and Secondary Mineral Precipitation in Batch Systems: 3. Saturation States of Product Minerals and Reaction Paths. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. v.73, p.3171-3120. DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2009.03.015.

#31, Georg, R. B., Zhu, C. Reynolds, R.C., and Halliday, A.N. (2009) Stable silicon isotopes of groundwater, feldspars, and clay coatings in the Navajo Sandstone aquifer, Black Mesa, Arizona, USA. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v.73, 2229-2241.

               DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2009.02.005

#30, Fu, Q., P Lu, H. Konishi, R. Dilmore, H. Xu, W. E. Seyfried, Jr., and C. Zhu. Coupled alkali-feldspar Dissolution and Secondary Mineral Precipitation in Batch Systems: 1. New Experimental Data at 200°C and 300 bars. Chemical Geology 91(3), 955-964.

              DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2008.09.014

#29, Yang, C., Samper, J., Zhu, C., Jones, S.B., Numerical modeling of the development of a preferentially leached layer on feldspar surfaces. Environmental Geology, v.57, p. 1639-1647. DOI: 10.1007/s00254-008-1445-3.


#28, Dilmore, R., Lu, P., Soong, Y., Allen, Hedges, H., Fu, J. K., Dobbs, C., Degalbo, A., Zhu, C. , Sequestration of CO2 in mixtures of bauxite residue and saline waste water, Energy & Fuels, v 22,  No.1, p. 343-353. DOI: 10.1021/ef7003943


#27, Duan, Z., Sun, R., and Liu, R., and Zhu, C., Accurate thermodynamic model for H2S solubility in pure water and brines. Energy & Fuels v. 21, 2056-2065. DOI: 10.1021/ef070040p


#26, Hu, J, Duan, Z, Zhu, C., and Chou, I., PVTx properties of the CO2-H2O and CO2-H2O-NaCl systems below 647K: Assessment of experimental data and thermodynamic models. Chemical Geologyv. 238, p.249-267. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2006.11.011


#25, Hereford, A. G., Keating, E., Guthrie, G., Zhu, C, Reactions and reaction rates in the regional aquifer beneath Pajarito Plateau, north-central New Mexico. Environmental Geology. v. 52, No. 5, p.965-977, DOI: 10.1007/s00254-006-0539-z.


#24, Yang, C., Park, M., and Zhu, C., A Method for Estimating In Situ Reaction Rates from Push-Pull Experiments for Arbitrary Solute Background Concentrations. Environmental Geosciences and Engineering, v. 13, No.4, p.345-354.  Web link


#23, Ganor, J., Lu, P., Zheng, Z., and Zhu, C., Bridging the gap between laboratory measurements and field estimations of weathering using simple calculations. Environmental Geology. v.53, No.3, p.599-610, DOI: 10.1007/s00254-007-0675-0.


#22, Zhu, C. Veblen, D.R., Blum, A.E, Chipera, S.  Naturally weathered feldspar surfaces in the Navajo Sandstone aquifer, Black Mesa, Arizona: Electron microscopic characterization. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 70, no.18, 4600-4616, 2006

            DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2006.07.013.


#21, Stubbs, J. E., Elbert, D. C., Veblen, D. R., Zhu, C., Electron microbeam investigation of uranium-contaminated soils from Oak Ridge, TN, USA. Environmental Science & Technology 40, 2108-2113, 2006. DOI: 10.1021/es0518676


#20, Strazisar, B. R., Zhu, C., and Hedges, S. W., Preliminary modeling of the long-term fate of CO2 following injection into deep geological formations. Environmental Geosciences v.13, no.1, 1-15, 2006. DOI: 10.1306/eg.09280404023


#19, Duan, Z., Sun, R., Zhu, C. and  Chou, I., An improved model for the calculation of CO2 solubility in aqueous solutions containing Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Cl-, and SO42-. Marine Chemistry v.98, 131-139, 2006. DOI: 10.1016/j.marchem.2005.09.001


#18, Zhu, C., In situ feldspar dissolution rates in an aquifer. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 69, no.6, 1435-1453, 2005. DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2004.09.005


#17, Martin, S., Zhu, C, Rule, J., Nuhfer, N. T., Ford, R., Hedges, S., Yee, S., A high resolution TEM-AEM, pH titration, and modeling study of Zn2+ coprecipitation with ferrihydrite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 69, no.6, 1543-1553, 2005.

               DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2004.08.032


#16, Zhu, C., Coprecipitation in the barite isostructural family: 1. Binary mixing properties. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 68, no. 16, 3327-3337, 2004.

               DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2003.10.014


#15, Zhu, C., Coprecipitation in the barite isostructural family: 2. Numerical simulations of precipitation kinetics and reactive transport. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 68, no. 16, 3339-3349, 2004. DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2003.10.013


#14, Zhu, C., Winterle, J. R., and Love, E. I. Late Pleistocene and Holocene recharge rates from the chloride mass balance method and chloride-36 data. Water Resources Research v. 39, no. 8, 1182, 2003. DOI: 10.1029/2003WR001987


#13, Zhu, C., A case against Kd-based transport model: Natural attenuation at a mill tailings site. Computer & Geosciences v. 29, 351-359, 2003. DOI: 10.1016/S0098-3004(03)00010-4


#12, Zhu, C., Anderson, G. M., and Burden, D. S. Natural attenuation reactions at a uranium mill tailings site, western USA. Ground Water v. 40, no. 1-2, 5-13, 2002. Web link


#11, Zhu, C., Estimation of surface precipitation constants from linear free energy correlation. Chemical Geology vol. 188, 23-32, 2002. Web link


#10, Penn, R. L., Zhu, C., Xu, H., and Veblen, D. R., Iron oxide coatings on sand grains from the Atlantic coastal plain: HRTEM characterization. Geology v. 29, no. 9, 843-846, 2001. Web link


#9, Zhu, C., Hu, F. Q., and Burden, D. S., Multi-component reactive transport modeling of natural attenuation of an acid ground water plume at a uranium mill tailings site. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology v. 52, no. 1-2, 85-108, 2001. Web link


#8, Zhu, C., and Burden, D. S., Mineralogical compositions of aquifer matrix as necessary initial conditions in reactive contaminant transport models. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology v. 51, no. 3-4, 145-161, 2001. Web link


#7, Zhu, C., Estimate of recharge from radiocarbon dating of groundwater and numerical flow and transport modeling. Water Resources Research v. 36, no. 9, 2607-2620, 2000. Web link


#6, Zhu, C., and Murphy, W. M., On radiocarbon dating of ground water. Ground Water v. 38, no. 6, 802-804, 2000. Web link


#5, Zhu, C., Waddell, R. K., Star, I., and Ostrander, M., Responses of groundwater in the Black Mesa basin, northeastern Arizona to paleoclimatic changes during late Pleistocene and Holocene. Geology v. 26, 127-130, 1998. Web link


#4, Zhu, C., Xu, H., Ilton, E., Veblen, D., Henry, D., Tivey, M. K., and Thompson, G., TEM-AEM observations of high-Cl biotite and amphibole and possible petrological implications. American Mineralogist v. 79, 909-920, 1994. Web link


#3, Zhu, C. New pH sensor for hydrothermal fluids. Geology v. 21, 983-986, 1993. Web link


#2, Zhu, C. and D. A. Sverjensky, F-Cl-OH partitioning between apatite and biotite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 56, 3435-3467, 1992. Web link


#1, Zhu, C. and D.A. Sverjensky, Partitioning of F-Cl-OH between minerals and hydrothermal fluids. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 55, 1837-1858, 1991. Web link