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The Naqshbandi Sufi Tradition in Central Asia
CEUS-R 415/615
Devin DeWeese

This course carries CASE A&H & CASE GCC designations

This course will survey the origins and historical development of the Naqshband* Sufi order in Central Asia.  The Naqshband* order is one of the most familiar Muslim religious movements `exported' from Central Asia to other parts of the Islamic world (especially the Indian subcontinent and the Ottoman Middle East), but its history in the region where it originated is less widely known; from its origins as an apparent `reformist' movement in the context of Mongol-ruled Central Asia to its reemergence in post-Soviet times, however, the Naqshband*yah has played important roles in Central Asian religious, political, economic, and cultural history.
Introductory lectures will situate the Naqshband*ya's origins in the context of Sufism's history in Central Asia and in the context of Mongol rule and the challenges -- as well as opportunities -- it presented to Muslim society; the early development of the tradition known as that of the Khojag*n, from which the Naqshband*ya emerged, and the roles of pivotal figures such as Bah** ad‑D*n Naqshband, Khoja Mu²ammad P*rs*, and Khoja A²r*r will then be considered in depth, as will the Naqshband*ya's profile in terms of Sufi doctrine and practice, and the competitive environments in which the Naqshband*ya came to dominate other Sufi communities in Central Asia.  The subsequent history of the Naqshband* communities centered in various regions of Central Asia will be traced, and special attention will be devoted to the Mujaddid* impact on the Central Asian Naqshband*yah in the 18th century; the fate of the Naqshband*ya in the 19th and 20th centuries will be the focus of concluding lectures.

Prerequisites:  None

Readings:  Required readings will be provided in a course packet (available for purchase) or on reserve at the Main Library; a supplementary bibliography will be supplied.

Requirements:  Undergraduates will take a midterm and a final exam, and will write a brief report based on outside readings.  Graduate students will take both exams and submit a research paper or other suitable project to be approved by the instructor.  The two exams and report/paper will each count for one-third of the final grade.  Reports and papers are due Friday, December 2; all students are urged to familiarize themselves with the bibliography and with the subject matter of the course readings well ahead of the scheduled assignments in order to develop a topic and begin work on reports and papers as early as possible, to facilitate completion by the due date.