Guide For Graduate Students in Anthropology
- Program Overview
- Master of Arts in Anthropology
- Anthropology Ph.D. General Requirements
- Special Requirements of the Subfields
- PhD Concentrations
- Outside Minor in Anthropology
- Outside Minor in Food Studies
- Financial Assistance
- Faculty in Anthropology
- Appendix: Policies and Criteria for Awarding Associate Instructorships (AIs)
The primary purpose of the graduate program of the Indiana University Department of Anthropology is to develop professional anthropologists for service in colleges, universities, museums and applied fields. The curriculum is designed to provide a general background in the discipline as well as specializations in the four subfields of anthropology: Archaeology, Bioanthropology, Social/Cultural Anthropology, and Linguistic Anthropology. The department considers teaching experience as a critical part of the graduate program. Therefore, every effort will be made to provide students with teaching opportunities in the course of their training.
General University requirements for advanced degrees and additional requirements of the Department are to be found in the University Graduate School Bulletin. All students are responsible for complying with these regulations.
Deviation from department requirements requires the approval of the student's doctoral committee and the Graduate Affairs Committee. Contact the Director of Graduate Studies for further information. Deviation from University Graduate School requirements is granted by written approval from the appropriate dean. The student may seek approval of exceptions, but often it is helpful to involve the Director of Graduate Studies in such requests.
Most anthropology courses numbered 300 and above carry graduate credit, only courses listed in the University Graduate School Bulletin and accepted transfer credits will be counted towards the 90 graduate credits required for the doctorate. The University Graduate School requires a minimum grade point average of 3.25.
Students who are not in 'good standing' on the date applications are due for departmental funding are not eligible for funding (good standing consists of a 3.50 grade point average, no more than one incomplete, and an acceptable evaluation from the student review committee; see Fellowships and Instructorships. Anthropology students may not have more than two Incompletes outstanding at any given time, and they may not take the qualifying examination for Ph.D. candidacy or the M.A. examination with more than one outstanding Incomplete on their record, or when they are on academic probation.
Graduate students in Anthropology are expected to pursue their studies full-time. While a temporary reduction in course load may be allowed in special circumstances, prolonged status as a part-time student will trigger a review by the Department. The Graduate School defines full-time study as 8 credit hours per semester. The Department recommends that continuing students carry 12 hours per semester, unless they have an Associate Instructorship or Research Assistantship. First semester students, students with assistantships, and students with certain special circumstances may be advised by their doctoral supervisor to take only 9 hours. The rationale for the expectation that students will carry 12 hours per semester involves the expectation that students will take the Qualifying Examination soon after their third year, after completing 60 hours of coursework.
If you are admitted into an Anthropology Graduate Program, your major is Anthropology. Graduate students will select one of the following subfields inside their Anthropology major (hereafter referred to as "major subfield"): Archaeology, Bioanthropology, Linguistic Anthropology, or Social/Cultural Anthropology. In addition to the major subfield, there are three concentrations available. Concentrations combine elements two or more of the traditional subfields. Concentrations are Paleoanthropology, Archaeology and Social Context, and Food Studies. Students who choose one of these concentrations will fulfill requirements of both the concentration and the requirements of one of the four subfields. Each of the subfields has its own requirements for Ph.D. students, including minors, specialties, and/or geographic areas. One outside minor must be taken from another department; commonly selected outside minors include interdepartmental programs such as African Studies, Central Eurasian Studies, Cultural Studies, East Asian Studies, Global Studies, Latin American Studies, West European Studies, Russian and East European Studies or Women's Studies, or disciplines such as anatomy, economics, folklore, geography, geology, history, linguistics, nutrition, political science, psychology, semiotics, and sociology. Each department has its own requirements for the outside minor; consult the University Graduate School Bulletin for information on minors. The choice of an outside minor requires the approval of the student's advisor.
Prior to initial registration, each student will be assigned one or two tentative faculty Academic Advisors whose specialties lies within the student's field(s) of interest. Eventually, the student may choose one of these tentative advisors as a permanent advisor, or the student may find a better fit with another faculty member altogether. The student and his or her advisors shall meet prior to each semester's registration in order to plan the student's program of studies.
Each student will be guided additionally by an Advisory Committee, chaired by the Academic Advisor, that will advise him or her on a course of study, recommend the transfer of credit from other universities, and administer the Qualifying Examination for admission to candidacy for the Ph.D. degree and/or the M.A. examination. Advisory committees differ slightly among the subfields (see subfield requirements below). Committee members must meet both the Graduate School requirements (see the University Graduate School Bulletin) and departmental major subfield requirements, outlined below. Students in the Ph.D. program must complete an Appointment of Advisory Committee form for the College of Arts and Sciences Graduate Division approval (find it here). The Advisory Committee must be formed no later than the end of the second year of graduate study.
Students should arrange an annual meeting with their Advisory Committee. The Student Annual Checklist, designed jointly by the faculty and students, serves to guide this meeting. The checklists are here. In this annual meeting the student is meant to: review progress toward the graduate degree; identify the course work and training to be pursued during the upcoming year; and provide a forum for evaluation of the individual's performance. The committee and the student then cosign the checklist, with one copy going to the student's file and the other to the student for personal use in selecting courses.
If for any reason a change of advisor seems desirable, either party may choose to make the change. If the Academic Advisor is changed, the Director of Graduate studies should be notified of the change in writing. Once an Advisory Committee form has been approved, changes must be submitted to the COLL Graduate Division in the form of a Change of Advisory Committee form. The Advisory Committee is dissolved upon nomination to Ph.D. candidacy at which time the student needs to obtain and return a Nomination of Research Committee for the Ph.D. form. In other words, before qualifying exams a doctoral student’s committee is the Advisory Committee; after qualifying exams, a student must name a new committee, the Research Committee. Naturally, this requires a form. Further details are to be found below in the Anthropology Ph.D. General Requirements and in each of the subfield sections.
In addition to advisors and members of the Advisory Committee, students are strongly urged to interact with and seek advice from as many members of the Department as possible, both through formal course work and in informal interactions. Substantial benefits are to be gained from working with professors proficient in differing aspects of Anthropology and holding varied points of view.
Because every department has a distinct approach to anthropology, and because familiarity with diverse approaches is important for student development, the Department recommends that students who hold the B.A. degree with a major in Anthropology from Indiana University Bloomington study at another institution for the M.A. degree or for a minimum of one year, before applying to the doctoral program at IUB. Students who plan to take a Ph.D. elsewhere may study for the M.A. degree at IUB.
In most circumstances it is recommended that students contemplating a professional career in academic Anthropology work toward a doctorate. The M.A. degree is not required prior to the Ph.D., but can be especially useful in tandem with an advanced degree in another field, e.g., the JD, MPH, or the MBA. Students admitted to the M.A. program are not eligible for consideration for departmental financial assistance such as Associate Instructorships.
Students in the M.A. program will recruit three members as advisory faculty, at least two of whom must be faculty members in the Department of Anthropology. Advisory faculty will be responsible for guiding the student in their course of study, advising them as to course selection, reading their thesis or M.A. Exam (see below), and certifying their degree.
The requirements for the M.A. degree in Anthropology include the following:
- a minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate credit, selected in consultation with the Academic Advisor/Advisory Committee, with a 3.25 cumulative GPA and no more than 6 hours of thesis credit;
- at least 20 of the 30 hours must be in Anthropology, including three courses (excluding thesis credits) which are numbered 500 or above. Among the 20 hours, the student must take coursework in three of the four subfields of Anthropology;
- at least one semester or two summer sessions of full-time study while in residence on the Bloomington campus;
- one of the following:
- a thesis, of which the original and one copy (both bound) must be filed with the Graduate School and one copy (bound) filed with the Department (see RUGS publication: A Guide to the Preparation of Theses or Dissertations); OR
- a four hour written examination made up and conducted by the student's Advisory Committee. The examination will be given at a time convenient for both the student and the advisory faculty. Grading will be: pass with distinction; pass (both of these include the award of the M.A. degree); or failure. The examination may not be taken until requirements 1, 2, and 3 have been met.
- No less than thirty days before the M.A. degree is to be conferred, students must apply for the M.A. degree by filling out an Application for an Advanced Degree form at the University Graduate School. The M.A. will be awarded approximately two months after the application date.
All requirements for the Master's Degree must be completed within five consecutive years. Option 4a or 4b must be selected, and no change will be allowed once the selection is made. If the student elects to write a thesis, it must be read and approved by all members of his/her faculty advisory committee; no oral defense is required. A Master's thesis may be based on library, laboratory, or field research. The Department recommends but does not require proficiency in one foreign language in the M.A. degree program, particularly if the student contemplates continuing for the Ph.D.
Students majoring in each subfield will find the special requirements of that subfield listed below under the appropriate headings. However, the following portions of the Anthropology program are held in common by all of the subfields.
A candidate for the Ph.D. degree must satisfy one of the following options:
Option 1. Reading proficiency in two languages, at least one of which is to be selected from French, German, Russian, Spanish, or Portuguese (but see below for further information). Proficiency may be demonstrated either by examination or by completion of graduate reading course sequences in the language where offered. Note: completion of the second semester of a two-course sequence with a grade of B or better also demonstrates proficiency. In instances where the academic language of the country in which the candidate will do fieldwork is not English, one of the languages chosen must be the academic language of the host country. Students should aim to achieve a level of knowledge of the host country language(s) consistent with the importance of exchanging scholarly ideas in the language(s) of the country —ideally they should be able to lecture on their research in the language(s) of the host country.
Option 2. Proficiency in depth, sometimes referred to as fluency, in a single language, normally selected from French, German, Russian, Spanish, or Portuguese (but see below). Fluency is demonstrated by performance on a standardized examination.
Option 3. Reading proficiency in one of the languages listed in Option 1, plus proficiency in either computer science, Global Information Systems, or statistics. Proficiency is demonstrated by either successful completion of a two-course sequence (usually totaling six credit hours) in either statistics or computer science, or a course in GIS and a second in either computer science or statistics. Classes should be chosen in consultation with the advisor. Among the schools and departments which offer two course sequences in statistics are the Schools for Public and Environmental Affairs, Education, and Health, Physical Education and Recreation; and the Departments of Economics, Geography, Mathematics, Psychology, Sociology and Statistics. Computer Science in the School of Informatics also offers sequences in computer techniques that satisfy this requirement. Two non-sequential statistics courses (one introductory and the other advanced) may be approved through petition to the department's Graduate Affairs Committee.
Languages other than those listed in 1) and 2) above may be substituted if they are of demonstrable value to the student's research. In such cases, written application must be made by the student's Academic Advisor to the Director of Graduate Studies who, in turn, will submit it for approval of the Dean of the Graduate School. Students are required to demonstrate proficiency in at least one language with a substantial anthropological literature. Educational Testing Services examinations taken elsewhere in French, German, or Russian may be accepted in fulfillment of this requirement, but no other examinations are accepted. Students are strongly encouraged to finish at least one of their language requirements their first year; if a student enters having studied a language as an undergraduate, that reading proficiency examination should be taken during the first year of doctoral work.
Students who have had little or no language training prior to entering the Ph.D. program should recognize that this is likely to slow their progress toward the degree, and should plan accordingly with their Advisory Committee.
In order to be nominated to candidacy for the Ph.D. degree, students must have grades reported for all required courses, must pass a Qualifying Examination, and must then submit their Nomination to Candidacy form and Language Requirement Documentation to the Graduate School. The Qualifying Examination will not be administered until the language/research skill, and other subfield requirements have been fulfilled, and until a minimum of 60 hours of coursework has been earned. Students are usually expected to complete necessary coursework and take the Qualifying Examination within three years of residence. All 60 hours of coursework must have been earned no more than 7 years prior to the exam date. Students who seek an exception to this requirement should consult the University Graduate School Bulletin under Academic Regulations for an outline of revalidation procedures.
The aims and scope of the Qualifying Exam are to test a student's mastery of the discipline in relation to his or her dissertation research. The format of the exam shall be decided by the Committee in consultation with the student from among the following options: (1) a take-home exam, or (2) a proctored in camera exam, usually administered over two days, or (3) an exam combining elements of 1 and 2.
It is the student's responsibility to arrange his or her Advisory Committee meetings and to schedule the Qualifying Examination at a time agreeable to all members of the Committee. Barring exceptional circumstances, Qualifying Examinations will not be scheduled during the following times: (1) semester break or the week after, (2) Spring Break or the week after, nor (3) the months of June, July and August.
Students must notify the Graduate Secretary well in advance of the proposed Qualifying Exam date. The student and Academic Advisor may need to make arrangements for the location of the exam and the computer to be used.
The Academic Advisor (Chair of the student's Advisory Committee) is responsible for coordinating the composition of the Qualifying Exam and soliciting questions from committee members. He or she must provide the Graduate Secretary and/or the proctor with a copy of the examination at least two days prior to the exam, whether it is a take-home or in camera exam. Proctored exams are usually taken from 8:00 am to noon and 1:00 pm to 5:00 for two consecutive days. The student may make other arrangements, if necessary, providing all members of the Advisory Committee agree in writing to the change in schedule. A letter explaining the circumstances and written evidence of approval from Advisory Committee members must be submitted to the departmental Director of Graduate Studies for departmental approval. If the outside minor exam has been waived, students must obtain their outside minor advisor's signature on the Nomination to Candidacy for the Ph.D. Degree form prior to examination.
Exam answers must be typed and printed out by the examinee during the time provided for the exam. There will be no exceptions. Upon completion of the exam, the answers must be emailed to the graduate secretary.
Each subfield also has its own specific requirements and expectations relating to Qualifying Exams. See the relevant sections below for details about Qualifying Exams in different subfields.
Preparation, conduct, and grading of the examination are the responsibility of the Advisory Committee, but other members of the department are free to participate without voting. A passing grade requires the affirmative vote of a majority of anthropologists on the examining committee. Grading is as follows: a) pass with distinction; b) pass (both a and b include certification to doctoral candidacy and the M.A. degree if desired and not already awarded); c) low pass with terminal M.A. degree; d) failure. The Qualifying Examination may be retaken once. The Academic Advisor, as Chair of the examining committee, will submit a formal report of the candidate's performance and the committee's vote at the completion of the examination to the Chair of the department. This report will become part of the candidate's permanent record.
Students in the Ph.D. program who successfully complete the Qualifying Examination may receive the M.A. degree by filling out an Application for an Advanced Degree form (find it here). It is highly recommended that all students do this so that if for any reason there is an interruption in their doctoral program, the students will have an M.A. degree in hand.
As early in the Qualifying Exam process as possible, but at least two weeks before the qualifying examination, students must circulate a Research Proposal to their Advisory Committee. The Research Proposal must include a statement of the research problem, a literature review related to that problem, the methodology to be employed, a tentative timetable of data collection and analysis, and (if a grant application has been or will be submitted) a discussion of funding prospects and the budget. All grant applications must be discussed with the student's Academic Advisor and approved by the student's Advisory Committee before the student may request funding or begin dissertation research. Students are normally examined on an aspect of their research proposal during the qualifying examination and the oral examination following the qualifying examination. After passing the Qualifying Exam and a discussion of the proposal, its possible modification, and approval by each member of the proposed plan for research, the Research Committee will be formally named.
The Research Committee will be composed minimally of a chair, two faculty members from the major department (one of whom is usually the inside minor advisor), and a representative of an outside field, usually the outside minor. The members of the student's Research Committee must conform to the graduate faculty requirements listed in the University Graduate School Bulletin. Research Committee forms must be approved by the Graduate School at least six months prior to the Ph.D. dissertation defense. Students must submit their Nomination of Research Committee for the Ph.D. form and a one to two page Summary of Proposed Research to the Graduate School after their Nomination to Candidacy for the Ph.D. Degree form has been approved.
Students must keep their Research Committees apprised of the progress of research. Major changes in research focus must not be undertaken without prior approval of the Research Committee.
All anthropological research (M.A., Ph.D., feasibility studies, pilot projects) that include the use of living human subjects must receive advance clearance by the Human Subjects Committee in the Office of Research Administration ( http://researchadmin.iu.edu
/HumanSubjects/ ), regardless of whether or not external funding is sought. This clearance is required for use of informants, interviews and questionnaires as well as participant-observation and more invasive research such as measuring and testing. The approval sheet from the Human Subjects Review Committee must be attached to the Nomination of Research Committee form before the latter is submitted. Note: If research involves animals, biohazards, or radiation you also need to attach approval from the appropriate committee.
A doctoral dissertation is required for the Ph.D. degree. In most anthropological subdisciplines, field research is expected to form a part of the student's doctoral training in anthropology, but dissertations may be based also upon library research, laboratory data, museum collections, archives or other documentary sources. The candidate's Research Committee must approve the dissertation topic and general outline of the proposed scholarly work. Apprising the Research Committee Chair of expected dates of completion of partial or whole drafts will help in planning schedules.
The University Graduate School publishes a manual titled Preparing Theses and Dissertations. Students should obtain the current version of this manual and are required to abide by its regulations. Ph.D. candidates must submit the final version of their accepted dissertation to the Graduate School and the department within seven years after their formal nomination to candidacy date. These may be bound copies or online text (see regulations for online submission of dissertations at http://www.etdadmin.com/cgi-bin/school?siteId=102). If the latter option is chosen the Department must receive a compact disc of the dissertation before the department will approve the degree.
Dissertations must be completed during the term of the student's candidacy, which is seven years. If the dissertation is not completed within the prescribed time limit, doctoral candidacy is terminated, and extensions are rarely granted. Reinstatement of candidacy is possible only through procedures published in the University Graduate School Bulletin.
An oral defense of the dissertation — which cannot be waived — will be scheduled and administered by the candidate's Research Committee. This examination is conducted in accordance with the regulations published in the University Graduate School Bulletin. Barring exceptional circumstances, dissertation defenses will not be scheduled during the following times: (1) semester break or the week after, (2) Spring Break or the week after, nor (3) the months of June, July and August.
Students are required to submit an Announcement Page to the Graduate School at least 30 days prior to the defense. Students must prepare their announcements, have their advisor sign it, and submit it to the University Graduate School, Kirkwood Hall 111. The announcement must be prepared in the format outlined in Preparing Theses and Dissertations, at http://www.indiana.edu/~grdschl/preparing-theses-and-dissertations.php .
All first- and second-year graduate students will be reviewed near the end of their first and near the end of their second academic years. The purpose of the review is to identify students making questionable progress, provide them notice of faculty concern, and in extreme cases recommend that they not continue in the program. The review will take place in camera without the students present and the Review Committee will be faculty who taught the following courses in the Fall or Spring semesters of the review year: H500 and E500; B500 and/or the required Bioanthropology seminars; L500; and P500, P502, P604 and/or other Archaeology courses enrolling first- and second-year students. The objective review criteria will include the number of credits completed, the GPA, and the number of "I" and "R" grades. Students' writing skills, reasoning ability and verbal skills will be assessed, as well as prospects for support through AI, FLAS or other means.
The results of the review for the majority of students will be a form letter indicating good status, sent to the student's advisor. For some students, the committee will prepare a summary of concerns that will be sent to the student's advisor and included in the student's file. The advisor will then meet with the student to go over the results of the Review Committee's evaluation.
Every student is expected to form an Advisory Committee no later than the end of the second year of graduate study. Further, the student is expected to the meet with his or her Advisory Committee at the latest in the second year, and at least once a year thereafter. The student must report this step in his or her progress to degree by filling out an Appointment of Advisory Committee Form and submitting this report to the COLL Graduate Division.
If a student does not submit an Appointment of Advisory Committee Form by the end of the fourth semester of graduate study, the Director of Graduate Studies (DGS) will send a letter to the student and to the student's advisor indicating that the student is not making expected progress to degree. This letter will encourage the student and the advisor to meet and rectify the situation.
Students are expected to take their Qualifying Examinations immediately the third year of graduate study, or even earlier if they arrive with a masters degree. A student may elect to postpone taking the Qualifying Examinations until the fourth year of graduate study, if the student's faculty advisor determines that such a postponement is appropriate to the student's individual course of study. The student's faculty advisor will then notify the DGS of the student's plans.
If a student fails to take the Qualifying Examinations by the end of the fourth year of graduate study, the DGS will send a letter to the student and to the student's faculty advisor indicating that the student is not making expected progress to degree. This letter will request that the student respond to the DGS in writing with a plan indicating when he or she will take the Qualifying Examinations. Any student entering graduate study in the fall of 1999 or thereafter is required to take his or her Qualifying Examinations by the end of the fifth year of graduate studies. If a student has not taken the Qualifying Examination by the end of the fifth year of graduate study, the student's name will be forwarded to the Dean of the Graduate School with a request that the student be placed on academic probation.
Students are strongly encouraged to complete the dissertation and submit it to the Graduate School by the end of the sixth year of graduate study. A student may elect to postpone submitting a dissertation until the seventh year of graduate study, however, if the student's faculty advisor determines that such a postponement is appropriate to the student's individual course of study. The student's faculty advisor will then notify the DGS of the student's plans.
If a student has not submitted his or her dissertation by the end of the seventh year of graduate study, the DGS will send a letter to the student and to the student's advisor indicating that the student is not making expected progress to degree. This letter will request that the student respond to the DGS in writing with a plan indicating when the dissertation will be turned in. Any student entering graduate study in the fall of 1999 or thereafter will be required to submit a completed dissertation to the Graduate School by the end of his or her tenth year of graduate study. If a student fails to submit a completed dissertation by this date, the student's name will be forwarded to the Dean of the Graduate School with a request that the student be placed on academic probation.
Students whose major subfield is Archaeology will be expected to acquire a broad knowledge of the discipline, including historical development, theoretical issues, and field and lab methods. The student must also have an in depth understanding of the archaeology, environment, and ethnography of a significant geographic area. Field and laboratory experience is viewed as essential, and every effort will be made to provide opportunities to participate in such activities on a regular basis. Other areas of Anthropology have also made, and will continue to make, significant contributions to archaeology. Therefore, several courses in other subfields of Anthropology are also considered essential to the training in Archaeology. The following courses are required for students in archaeology:
1. Pro-seminar in Archaeology (P500)
2. Archaeological Research Design (P502)
3. A course in the archaeology of the geographic area of specialization
4. An archaeological methods course
5. Archaeological Ethics (P509)
6. A course in the history of Anthropology (usually H500 or H505)
7. A course in the ethnography of the geographic area of specialization
8. Bioanthropology: Human Osteology (B526)
All of the above courses must be completed with a grade of B or better.
In cases where the required courses above are not offered during a student's tenure or a course does not fit well with a student's individualized research plan, students can request to take an equivalent course or can request a waiver (exemption) from these requirements. These permissions are granted at the discretion of the student's advisor.
An inside minor will be selected from Bioanthropology, Linguistic Anthropology, or Social/Cultural Anthropology. The inside minor will consist of nine hours of course work, chosen in consultation with the inside minor advisor.
Students must select an outside minor in another discipline (such as Biology, Classical Studies, Folklore and Ethnomusicology, Geology, History), as discussed in the general departmental requirements. Usually the outside minor consists of three to five classes.
An Academic Advisor in Archaeology will be appointed when the student begins graduate work. In addition to the Academic Advisor, an Advisory Committee composed of another representative of the major field, the inside minor advisor, and the outside minor advisor should be appointed no later than the student's third semester and should meet with the student no later than the fourth semester to discuss the student's proposed course of study and research interests.
Language and Research Skills
The student must choose one of the three options for language and research skills as described in the general departmental requirements, in consultation with the major advisor.
The Ph.D. Qualifying Examination in Archaeology will consist of the following:
- A written examination in Archaeology. The Academic Advisor in consultation with the other departmental archaeologists will prepare it. The examination will address the competency areas noted above, with some emphasis given to the geographic area of specialization. It will be approximately eight hours in duration.
- A written examination composed by the inside minor advisor, approximately four hours in duration.
- An outside minor examination to be given by and at the discretion of the outside minor advisor.
The Advisory Committee will evaluate the Qualifying Examination, and admission to Ph.D. candidacy will be recommended upon passing the examination.
Students whose major subfield is Bioanthropology are expected to follow a course of study that will provide them with a general background in the discipline of Anthropology, a broad knowledge of the field of Bioanthropology, and technical skills required for utilizing methodologies employed in bioanthropological research. Each student is encouraged to develop individual interests and specialties in Bioanthropology. The premise applied throughout this set of guidelines is that professional standing in the subfield can be best achieved if the student develops active research interests and continually seeks research experience. Research interests should be identified and defined as early as possible so that appropriate coursework may be taken and so that there will be adequate time for preparing the dissertation research proposal.
The student whose major subfield is Bioanthropology will form an Advisory Committee composed of 4-5 members, at least two of whom must be bioanthropologists representing the student's Specialties, plus the inside and outside minor advisors. The Advisory Committee should be chosen within the first year of graduate study so it can provide advice to the student and evaluate his/her Graduate Study Plan (GSP).
Course Requirements in General Anthropology
A minimum of two graduate credit courses from at least two subfields other than Bioanthropology (i.e., from Social/Cultural Anthropology [including H500], Linguistic Anthropology, and/or Archaeology), either related to the student's geographical area or to a special topic.
Course Requirements in Bioanthropology
Students are required to have training in the theories, methods, and empirical evidence central to Bioanthropology. These goals are achieved by meeting the following five requirements, typically during the initial two years of graduate study:
- B500: Evolutionary Theory (3 credits). All incoming Bioanthropology graduate students are expected to take this course during the first semester of graduate study.
- B501: Recent Research in Bioanthropology [aka "Darwin Club"]. Meeting biweekly, students and faculty members critically examine recent topics in (or relevant to) Bioanthropology. Discussions focus on recently published articles or other relevant research, often with guest lecturers. The Steering Committee, made up of all Bioanthropology graduate students in their 3rd and 4th semesters of residence (which is normally their 2nd year), will select and organize topics and meetings each semester. Every PhD student will be expected to organize and lead at least 2 Darwin Club meetings during their graduate career. Darwin Club represents a central dimension of the academic life of a bioanthropologist: Interactive discussions with colleagues about topics and methods and controversies within the field (and related fields). The faculty view participation in Darwin Club as a key indication of a student's inquisitiveness and interest in the field itself. It is therefore expected that all members of the IU BioAnth community will attend and participate. Students may take B501 for credit (1 credit per semester), and earn up to 3 credits towards their degree over their career. Students may also officially audit the course, such that it appears on their official record. Though students are not required to take B501 for credit, nor to officially audit it, they are still expected to attend and participate regularly throughout their graduate career.
- B525: Theory and Methods in Genetics (3 credits). All Bioanthropology graduate students are expected to take this course.
- One course in human paleontology, human evolution or morphology (3 credits): It is expected that this requirement will be met by taking B524 (Theory and Methods in Human Paleontology). In some cases (e.g., adequate prior training in paleontology), a student may, with the approval of her/his advisor, waive B524 and select another course that deals with human evolutionary history (e.g., Human Osteology (B526), Dental Anthropology (B528), or courses covering the evolution of the human brain, language, and/or cognition).
- One course that examines contemporary human biology from the following set (3 credits): Hormones & Human Behavior (B540), Nutritional Anthropology (B545), Human Evolutionary Biology Laboratory (B527), Demography & Life History Theory (B548), or Reproductive Ecology (B544).
Inside and Outside Minors
Each student is encouraged to define his or her inside minor in terms of one of the other subfields of Anthropology, that is, Archaeology, Linguistic Anthropology, or Social/Cultural Anthropology. It is advisable for the student to select an outside minor complementary to his or her research focus in Bioanthropology. The selection is usually made from the following units: Biological Sciences, Medical Sciences, HPER, an area studies class, the Population Institute for Research and Training, Cognitive Science, Psychology, or Linguistics.
Any geographical area may be appropriate to a set of research plans. The important consideration is that an early commitment be made by the student to a definite world region when selecting his/her Specialties. Thus, a bibliography of the region can be developed, and a familiarity with the region's cultural, ecological, historical, and other information can be established. Courses in the geographical area may be part of the Inside or Outside Minor. For students studying some aspect of the evolution of cognition, it may not make sense to have specific geographic area of focus. Such students are nevertheless encouraged to gain familiarity with a particular region for their general education.
Language and Research Skill
Bioanthropologists are expected to have reading proficiency in one scholarly language and proficiency in computer science and/or statistics (Section III A, Option 3, page 8).
The Qualifying Examination in Bioanthropology will consist of three parts:
- An examination in the major subfield written by the Advisory Committee. The examination will cover Bioanthropology write large, potentially a geographical area and the Research Proposal, and will be of eight hours duration.
- A minor examination composed by the inside minor advisor. This examination may be the same for all candidates taking the examination with the same inside minor and will be four hours in length but may be longer at the discretion of the Advisory Committee..
- An outside minor examination given by and at the discretion of the outside minor Advisor.
As soon as is practical following the written examination, an oral examination of approximately two hours duration will be scheduled. The examiners will consist of the Advisory Committee.
Students in Linguistic Anthropology (Anthropological Linguistics) are expected to develop in common a firm grounding in linguistic methods and concepts as well as a broad general knowledge of Social/Cultural Anthropology and the role of language study within it. Those general requirements combine the necessary technical background and analytic skills with social and cultural contextualization to prepare students for significant field study and professional work.
Anthropological Linguistics course requirements are as follows:
- L500 Seminar in Language and Culture.
- H500 Seminar in the History of Anthropology.
- A minimum of one graduate course in two of the other subfields of Anthropology, i.e., Archaeology, Bioanthropology, or Social/Cultural Anthropology.
- Three graduate courses chosen from the five basic areas of linguistics: phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and historical and comparative linguistics.
- A course in linguistic field methods.
- Two additional courses in Linguistics, Linguistic Anthropology, Sociolinguistics, or linguistically oriented courses in such related fields as Folklore, Philosophy, Psychology, Semiotics, and Sociology.
Beyond the common foundation that those requirements develop, a student will select an area of specialization, such as language description (or field linguistics), language history, language and culture, discourse pragmatics, semiotics, or language conflict and shift. Generally a student will be expected to be familiar with the major issues in this area of specialization.
In consultation with an Advisory Committee, the student will design a program that meets the general objectives of Anthropological Linguistics and a particular specialty.
All students are required to demonstrate mastery of the following concentrations, knowledge of which will provide the basis for the Qualifying Examination for doctoral candidacy:
- General Anthropological Linguistics (or Linguistic Anthropology), in which concern for the relationship between language and culture is primary. Students will be familiar with the major scholarly concerns of researchers in Anthropological Linguistics, with the history of the field, and with the role of language study within the context of Social/Cultural Anthropology.
- An ethnographic area, in which students demonstrate knowledge of all relevant published and unpublished sources.
- One subfield specialty within Anthropological Linguistics (e.g., language description, language history, language and culture, discourse pragmatics, semiotics, etc.).
Students will select an outside minor in another discipline or department. Depending on their concentration in Linguistic Anthropology, that minor may be Folklore, Linguistics, Philosophy, Psychology, Semiotics, Sociology, Speech, an areal study, or a particular language.
Anthropological Linguistics major subfield will have a four-member Advisory Committee composed of the Academic Advisor, one member representing the student's subspecialty, one member representing the ethnographic area, and one member representing the outside minor. The Advisory Committee should be chosen as early as possible in the student's career, no later than the end of the first year in residence.
The Ph.D. qualifying examination will comprise four written parts that cover the following:
- History and theory of the field of Anthropological Linguistics, and, in particular, theory in relation to the student's specialty
- The ethnographic area in which the student specializes
- The subfield specialty chosen by the student
- A discussion and evaluation of data that demonstrates the student's ability to relate general issues to the patterns evident in specific materials
Following the written examination, there will be
- An oral examination that focuses on the student's Research Proposal. That proposal must be submitted to the Advisory Committee following the Qualifying Examination. The oral examination may, in part, be devoted to clarifying problems raised in the written examination.
Upon admission to candidacy the student, in consultation with the Academic Advisor, will select members of a Research Committee. It is the student's responsibility to keep all members of the committee apprised of research progress. Any major changes in research focus must be approved by the committee.
Students in Social/Cultural Anthropology are expected to have general knowledge of the subfield, as well as two areas of specializations (Topics/Themes of Specialization); students should also have a broad knowledge of the discipline of Anthropology. In consultation with their Advisory Committees, students plan individualized programs, including reading and research courses where applicable. Every effort will be made to provide students with opportunities for research experience; however, funding for dissertation research is not ordinarily provided by the department, college or university. Indiana students have been very successful at winning external awards from granting agencies and foundations (please see below).
- All students in Social/Cultural Anthropology are required to take the following courses, ordinarily in their first or second year of study:
- H500, Seminar on the History of Anthropology;
- E500, Seminar on Contemporary Theory in Social/Cultural Anthropology;
- E606, Seminar on Research Methods in Social/Cultural Anthropology.
[Students can request exemption from any of the above requirements if they have already completed equivalent coursework at the graduate level. Exemption is at the discretion of the student's Advisory Committee.]
Social/Cultural students are required to take a minimum of one graduate credit course in two of the other three subfields of the department, i.e., Archaeology, Bioanthropology and Linguistic Anthropology.
Two areas of specialization or "Topics/Themes of Specialization" are required. Classes fulfilling these requirements are to be determined in consultation with the PhD supervisor, and are normally four classes per topic. Typically these are within Social/Cultural Anthropology, but one may be in Archaeology, Bioanthropology or Linguistic Anthropology. Whereas two Topics/Themes are suggested, there is no set list of themes/topics or specialties. Ordinarily, students select theoretical and/or topical areas as specialties and develop individualized programs of study in consultation with the advisory committee members representing their particular areas of interest.
Students should complete two or more classes that focus on an ethnographic area or world region, the anthropological literature concerning it, and the implications of that literature for the subfield and discipline.
Classes completing the outside minor requirement (the number varies and is determined by the outside minor department) are to be chosen in consultation with the PhD supervisor.
These classes, first-year required courses, non-S/C subfield classes, topics/themes, area concentrations, and outside minor classwork are the corpus of knowledge covered in the Qualifying Examination.
Other classes are typically in general Social/Cultural Anthropology, emphasizing history and contemporary theory of the subfield.
Students in Social/Cultural Anthropology may fulfill their language requirement with Options 1, 2 or 3 (page 7), realizing that their Advisory Committees may recommend additional language training if the anticipated circumstances of research make this appropriate or necessary.
The Advisory Committee will consist of the student's Academic Advisor (committee chair), two or more faculty members from the department and its adjuncts as representatives of inside minors or specialties, and a representative of the outside minor. The Advisory Committee should meet no later than the beginning of the third semester, and at least once a year after that to review the student's progress.
By the end of the fourth semester, the student should submit a substantive document to the Advisory Committee, indicating the current scope and direction of his or her program. The nature of this document is to be determined by the Advisory Committee in consultation with the student. Some options include a draft research proposal, essay, statement of purpose or orientation, or a progress report; however, the format is flexible. The second-year paper serves as a diagnostic on the basis of which the advisory committee can assess the student's preparedness for the third year; the third year is ordinarily when research proposals to external agencies and the Qualifying Examination are a student's main focal points. The assessment must be shared with the student. The diagnostic should be repeated whenever the student changes direction in a way that the committee deems to be significant in the sense of requiring a substantially new program of study.
The Qualifying Examination in Social/Cultural is tailored to each individual student. The examination will be either take-home or proctored in camera, as indicated in the general requirements. If in camera, each section of the Social/Cultural exam will be four hours in duration. If a take-home, a firm deadline will be set in advance. The oral defense, required as one component of the Qualifying Exam, will also be scheduled well in advance of the examination. Another component is the Research Proposal (please see below).
The student's research proposal is another component of the Qualifying Examination. It will be the subject of a hearing with the Advisory Committee either before or after the written portion of the examination. The proposal hearing may be combined with the oral defense of the written portion of the exam. Nomination to candidacy and appointment of the Research Committee cannot take place until the Research Proposal has been accepted by the Advisory Committee.
Anthropology is constantly changing and adapting through productive interactions across intra- and inter-disciplinary boundaries. To meet new challenges and take advantage of new opportunities, the Anthropology Department has founded three innovative programs that give students opportunities to combine studies in two or more subfields. Where they are not the same, the requirements of these concentrations are additional to those of the traditional subfields.
The Ph.D. concentration in Archaeology and Social Context bridges the subfields of Social/Cultural Anthropology and Archaeology to address archaeological issues as they apply to contemporary peoples. Students pursuing this track are expected to follow a course of study that will provide them with a general background in the discipline of anthropology, a broad knowledge of the fields of Social/Cultural Anthropology and Archaeology, including theoretical issues and field/laboratory methods. Students will be expected to develop individualized interest areas that may include, but are not limited to, cultural property, public archaeology, archaeological ethics, heritage management and repatriation.
Subfield and Inside Minor
Depending on the specific interests of the student, his/her major subfield will be either Archaeology or Social/Cultural Anthropology, with other subfield constituting the inside minor.
The Advisory Committee will consist of four members, at least one of whom will be a member of the Archaeology and Social Context faculty. The members will include representatives from the major subfield, inside minor, and outside minor.
In addition to you major subfield's requirements, the course requirements for this concentration are:
- Archaeological Ethics (P509)
- Issues in Archaeology and Social Context (P604)
- A minimum of 4 courses in the major subfield, one of which must be a methods course and one must be a pro-seminar (P500 or E500).
- A minimum of 3 courses in the inside minor subfield, one of which must be a methods course.
- A minimum of 3 courses in a culture area, of which at least one should be concerned with the past of that area, and at least one with current issues.
- At least one graduate level course in linguistic anthropology or bioanthropology.
- Outside minor – Please see your outside minor advisor for their department's course requirements.
These courses may be double-counted, i.e., they may fulfill more than one requirement.
In cases where the required courses above are not offered during a student's tenure or a course does not fit well with a student's individualized research plan, students can request to take an equivalent course or can request a waiver (exemption) from these requirements. These permissions are granted at the discretion of the student's advisor.
Practicum or internship (A408)
The Ph.D. qualifying examination will consist of the following:
- A written examination in archaeology and social context, prepared by the Advisory Committee. It will be approximately 4 hours in duration.
- A written examination composed by the advisor(s) in the major subfield, approximately 4 hours in duration.
- A written examination composed by the advisor(s) in the inside minor, approximately 4 hours in duration.
- An outside minor examination to be given by and at the discretion of the outside minor advisor.
The Department of Anthropology at IUB has unique strengths and capabilities in the study of food. The PhD Inside Minor in the anthropology of food draws on those strengths to offer students unparalleled training in the roles of food in (1) prehistoric, historic and modern societies, (2) human evolution and adaptation, (3) human health, (4) political economic relationships, (5) human-environment interactions, including sustainability, (6) the representation, construction and maintenance of ethnicity, social class, and cultural identity.
Food Studies is organized as an Inside Minor within anthropology and each student will normally choose one of the four subfields within the department within which to pursue food studies. We expect students to draw on as much of the diversity of knowledge of all anthropological subfields as possible even while pursuing their degree in one of the existing four subfields.
Subfield and Inside Minor
Depending on the specific interests of the student, his/her major subfield will be Archaeology, Social/Cultural, Linguistics or Bioanthropology, with the Anthropology of Food constituting an inside minor within the selected subfield.
As required by their subfield, no later than the second year the student is responsible for establishing an Advisory Committee and meeting with its members. The Advisory Committee will include at least one member of the Anthropology of Food faculty. As required by the graduate college, an outside minor will be selected, in consultation with the advisory committee, preferably during the first year.
Course Requirements (equivalent to an external minor in Food Studies Anthropology, with the addition of one course in nutrition)
- Core Courses
- ANTH E621 Food and Culture
- ANTH B545 Nutritional Anthropology (permission from B454 instructor required for substitution)
- A minimum of 3 courses in the Anthropology of Food, one of which must be a methods course.
- The outside minor should be chosen in consultation with the student's Advisory Committee, to complement the Food Studies Inside Minor
The Ph.D. qualifying examination will follow the format of the subfield in which the student is enrolled. It is expected that in addition to the examination sections required for the anthropology degree, the examination also will include a section covering the Anthropology of Food. The format of the exam will be approved in advance by the committee.
Students in this inside minor must include one faculty member drawn from the Anthropology of Food faculty on their Research Committee.
Students seeking the Ph.D. in Archaeology with a concentration in Paleoanthropology are expected to follow a course of study which will provide them with a general background in the discipline of Anthropology, a broad knowledge of the field of Archaeology and world prehistory, including theoretical issues and field/laboratory methods and techniques, and a focused concentration on archaeological approaches to human evolutionary studies. Through this course of study they should acquire an in-depth understanding of the prehistoric record of a chosen area as well as a solid background in related disciplines, which will enhance their understanding of aspects of human evolution.
This concentration emphasizes an interdisciplinary perspective and program of training, which encourages students to examine long-term dynamics of culture change within the context of evolutionary biology and ecological changes in prehistory. It is designed to help students develop a solid background in this field of study, enabling them to carry out research in the archaeology of human origins.
Within the concentration in Paleoanthropology, each student will define his or her inside minor as Bioanthropology, and should take B526 (Human Osteology) as well as an appropriate set of other courses to be agreed upon with his/her major and minor advisors.
It is advisable for the student to select an outside minor in a physical or biological science, which will be complementary to his or her research focus within the archaeology of human origins. The selection would normally be from departments such as Biology, Geology, Chemistry, or Geography. Aside from the topical field chosen for the outside minor, students are strongly encouraged to seek further training in an appropriate area studies program, such as African studies, and in other disciplines as necessary or beneficial to the development of their background and research interests.
General Course Requirements
All students will be expected to take a minimum of 2 courses in Social/Cultural Anthropology. These should be chosen to expand their theoretical background and deepen their understanding of a particular culture area or ethnographic specialization, as relevant to their developing research interests in human evolution.
An Academic Advisor for the student majoring in Archaeology with specialization in Paleoanthropology will be appointed at the beginning of graduate work. The student will form an Advisory Committee composed of 4-5 faculty members, at least 2 of whom must be archaeologists representing the student's special areas of interest; normally the advisors for the inside and outside minors are included on this committee. The Advisory Committee should be chosen by the end of the first year of graduate study so it can provide advice to the student and evaluate her/his Graduate Study Plan (GSP).
Graduate Study Plan and Outlines of Specific Research Goals
By the end of the first year of graduate study students in Archaeology with a paleoanthropological specialization are required to submit to their Academic Advisor and Advisory Committee a concise statement of goals and plans for study and research while in graduate school. This statement, the Graduate Study Plan (GSP), should present:
- succinct statements regarding major areas of development of his or her graduate training. These are:
- the projected topic and geographic area of focus for graduate work, at least in general terms but as specifically as is possible at this point in the student's career
- the plan for pursuing the inside minor in Bioanthropology
- the choice for an outside minor
- a plan for fulfilling their Language and Research Skill requirements
- an initial outline of Specific Research Goals which synthesizes and expands upon the above items. This should:
- discuss in general how research interests are developing and how completed and projected coursework, special projects and any outside field or laboratory work or training fit into larger goals
- give a specific plan for future coursework in Archaeology and general Anthropology
- outline plans for pursuing a course of study for the inside minor
- outline plans for coursework and study in the outside minor
- discuss a preliminary or pilot project which could lead into the doctoral project
- give a preliminary annotated bibliography for the developing research focus in Archaeology
This Graduate Study Plan should be discussed with the student's Academic Advisor before final registration is made for courses in the fall semester of the student's second academic year.
After their first year, students should submit a yearly report of their current Specific Research Goals (as described above) giving an up-to-date assessment of the progress of their coursework and research, describing how they are proceeding toward their stated goals, and refining or revising their research interests and objectives. This yearly report on Specific Research Goals should be submitted to the student's Advisory Committee and discussed fully with his or her advisor before the start of coursework in each academic year.
The Ph.D. Qualifying Examination will consist of the following:
- A written examination in Archaeology. It will be prepared by the Academic Advisor in consultation with other departmental archaeologists. The examination will address the general preparation of the student within Anthropology and Archaeology as well as the specific topic and geographic area of competency developed by that student in preparation for dissertation research. It will be of approximately 8 hours duration.
- A written examination composed by the inside minor advisor and of approximately 4 hours duration.
- An outside minor examination to be given by and at the discretion of the outside minor advisor.
The 'outside minor' is for students who are working toward a Ph.D. degree in another department and who will claim Anthropology as their official minor. A total of 12 hours of Anthropology with a grade of B or better are required for an outside minor. These courses must be selected from courses listed in the University Graduate School Bulletin. Nine of the 12 hours (representing at least three courses) must be selected from regularly scheduled classes; the remaining hours may be taken in reading or research, at the discretion of the student's minor advisor. Unless a student has completed an introductory course, it is recommended that he or she enroll in A303 or E303 or A505. Comparable course credit from other universities is transferable to the anthropology minor here. Potential anthropology minors should contact an anthropology faculty member whose research focus complements their interests and therefore who may serve as their minor advisor, or the departmental Director of Graduate Studies for referral to a minor advisor.
The Department of Anthropology requires that the student's outside minor advisor be invited to participate in both the written and oral Qualifying Examinations. Although the advisor may choose to waive the written portion of the examination, he or she must be invited to participate in the candidate's oral qualifying examination (if any) as a required part of the minor.
Students must take four courses (4 credits each) one of which must be the core course, ANTH E621 Food and Culture. The additional graduate courses in anthropology must be chosen from at least two of the subfields of the discipline (archaeology, cultural anthropology, bioanthropology, linguistic anthropology). Courses include: Food and Famine, Ethnobotany, Land Use and Food Production, Prehistoric Diet and Nutrition, Faunal Osteology, American Indian Subsistence, Coffee Culture, Labor and Markets, Paleonutrition, Food in the Ancient World, and Nutritional Anthropology. We anticipate adding courses in Food Politics and Food Ethics in the near future. Minor students will also be expected to attend the ongoing series of food studies colloquia, and the regular monthly meeting of the students in the food studies concentration.
Prospective and incoming students:
For incoming students—with some important exceptions discussed immediately below this paragraph—the application for admission is also your application for university and departmental assistantships and fellowships. This means that by submitting your application to graduate school, you are in the queue for this funding. If you are awarded a fellowship by the department, someone from the department will contact you as soon as the fellowship is awarded; this award-date may come late in the spring.
The first exception is the Educational Opportunity Fellowship. For instructions, see http://www.indiana.edu/~grdschl/educational-opportunity-fellowship.php. The EOF is meant to aid promising first-generation college graduates who may not fare well in conventional competition for graduate fellowships to attend graduate school. The awards are relatively small, but may be important as part of a financial aid package. This is a one-year award, but is renewable one time. Applications are due by January 14, 2011.
The second exception is the Foreign Language Area Studies fellowship. These fellowships provide graduate students with an academic year stipend similar to and often greater than an anthropology AIship, plus maximum tuition award of 12 credit hours per semester. They also provided automatic enrollment in the graduate student health insurance plan with the cost of the student premium paid by the fellowship. FLAS fellowships are awarded to individuals who will be studying a language spoken in that region of the world that is associated with a particular areas studies Center. Students apply for a FLAS directly through one of the area Centers. Go to http://www.indiana.edu/~flas for further information.
Thirdly, although it is not a fellowship, there is one further type of assistance that requires an application separate from you application for admission, graduate work-study. Some of these GWS positions carry a tuition fee remission. If you fill out a FASFA form with the Office of Student Financial Assistance (OSFA) you may be declared eligible for hire for a Graduate Work Study assistantship. http://www.indiana.edu/~sfa/ .
Although these opportunities are not common, occasionally an individual faculty member has a grant or research project that allows them to hire students. Typically, the faculty member will take the initiative to contact incoming students they may wish to hire, but it is worthwhile to inform the faculty member with which you intend to study that you are in need of financial assistance, just in case they have a position to offer.
Students who have MAs in fields other than anthropology, or whose undergraduate major was outside anthropology, may have skills that qualify them for teaching positions in departments other than anthropology. Among departments that have hired anthropology students in the past are Gender Studies, Communication and Culture, numerous language departments, Anatomy, and Human Biology. Students should contact the appropriate department.
Your application for admission serves as your application for several other awards, including the Graduate Scholars Fellowship, which supports outstanding students who are members of underrepresented groups, the Adam W. Herbert Graduate Fellowship, which supports graduates of Historically Black Colleges and Universities, and the Ronald E. McNair Graduate Fellowship, which is for outstanding McNair Scholars entering Ph.D. or M.F.A. programs at Indiana University, Bloomington. If you are a McNair Scholar you must mention this on your application!
For further information, please refer to http://www.indiana.edu/~grdschl/internal-awards.php.
Incoming and continuing (2nd year and beyond) students:
There are two important outside fellowships that first-year and continuing students can apply for. Both are extremely competitive, but both are very generous. NSF graduate fellowships (http://www.nsfgrfp.org/) supports outstanding graduate students and strongly encourages under-represented populations, including women, under-represented racial and ethnic minorities, and persons with disabilities. NSFs provide three years of support, including a very generous annual stipend. The Jacob Javitz fellowship (http://www2.ed.gov/programs/jacobjavits
) is directed at students of superior academic ability—selected on the basis of demonstrated achievement, financial need, and exceptional promise. The Javits provides full support for four years.
Continuing students (2nd year and beyond):
Please note: The Department is required to prepare reports of graduate student funding. These reports impact our national ranking and determine in part funds available for graduate student support. As part of our record keeping, all students must report to the Graduate Secretary all funding offers, awards, grants, fellowships, appointments, and teaching positions they receive. These data are critical for our department.
A limited number of Associate Instructorships are available each year. Associate Instructors (AIs) are assigned to the large-enrollment introductory classes (A105 and E105; A303 and E303; B200, E200, L200 and P200; and B301), in which they conduct weekly discussion sections or laboratory meetings and are responsible for other routine matters associated with the course presentation. Other classes may be provided with AI assistance as well. Occasionally, AIs who are Ph.D. candidates may have charge of an introductory course under the supervision of a member of the faculty.
An Associate Instructorship is one of four kinds of financial support called Student Academic Appointments (SAAs). These are: 1) Research Assistantships give you the opportunity to work for a faculty member and help them with their research project. 2) Graduate Assistantships are assigned duties such as laboratory assistant, newsletter editor, or database entry for a museum collection. 3) Associate Instructorships offer the opportunity to gain teaching experience either as a grader for a Professor or as an assistant who also teaches discussion sections for a course. More advanced graduate students who are hired as Associate Instructors may have the opportunity to design a course and to be a course instructor. 4) Faculty Assistant performs non-teaching services.
SAAs are specifically directed toward training students and advancing them toward their degree; as such, they are not a 'job' in the normal sense. Students who receive Student Academic Appointments (SAA) are required to commit their full effort (other than duties required by the SAA) toward degree requirements and are not allowed to hold any other teaching or research appointment. As stated by IU's SAA guide (page 9) "FTE Students are usually appointed at 50% FTE (20 contact hours per week). Prior permission must be obtained from the Vice Provost for Faculty and Academic Affairs for any appointments at a higher FTE percentage, which is normally limited to a maximum of 75%. This applies to any supplemental payments and additional academic appointments as well; i.e., when the total FTE percentage of all appointments combined exceeds 50%. Requests for exceptions must be addressed to the Vice Provost for Faculty and Academic Affairs Office and must be accompanied by a statement from the graduate student's major faculty advisor endorsing the exception." The Vice Provost for Faculty and Academic Affairs, which oversees SAAs, considers that this restriction applies not only to positions at IUB, but to positions at IUPUI, Ivy Tech or any other academic institution. However, they are generous in granting exceptions, when the exception is requested by the student's PhD committee chair and supported by the Graduate Affairs Committee. In short, we expect that most requests for exceptions to this 'no-outside-jobs' restriction will be granted, but the Vice Provost’s office must be consulted.
Students who are offered an SAA in the department and who have also received a comparable Fellowship or SAA offer from another source (e.g. FLAS, GBL, ACT, AlSRI, etc.) are required to accept those awards in lieu of Anthropology Department support. All students receiving outside support of any kind are required to notify the Anthropology Department of the award they have received. A student may lose their priority status for future funding in the department if it is found that s/he is holding more than one fellowship or SAA (under special circumstances a student's advisor may petition the Graduate Affairs Committee for a waiver.) The goal in this policy is to ensure that every student has the opportunity to teach in the Anthropology Department during their graduate career; to encourage students to focus attention on fulfilling the requirements for the PhD; and to provide good quality teaching in the department.
All SAAs should keep in mind that appointments typically are 0.5 appointments, requiring 20 hours of work a week.
Fee scholarships covering tuition for up to 12 hours per semester and 6 hours in the Summer are awarded jointly with Associate Instructorships for students who have required coursework. The stipends for 2010-2011 AIs were $11,700. Together with an out-of-state fee scholarship, the value of the total award is approximately $30,000. All first-time Anthropology AIs are required to take "A521: Internship in Teaching Anthropology" in the Fall semester. Associate Instructors must enroll in at least 6 credit hours in each semester that they teach.
Anthropology students who receive multiyear fellowships, whatever the source, must maintain a 3.8 GPA, must be in good standing (i.e. no more than one incomplete and an acceptable evaluation from the First- and Second-Year Review Committee, in addition to the GPA requirement; see p. 10). If funding involves an Assistant Instructorship, students must have acceptable teaching evaluations and teaching review. GPA will be calculated excluding grades earned in units that have grading traditions significantly different from Anthropology, such as Anatomy or Law. As for AIships, multiyear fellows cannot have more than one I or F on their transcript. The Graduate Secretary will identify to the Department Chair by February 15 of each year whether any multiyear Fellowship recipients do not meet these requirements. The Chair, the Director of Graduate Studies and the PhD supervisor of the student in question will meet to determine whether the student will lose his or her fellowship immediately, or whether extenuating circumstances warrant a probation period during which the student might remedy any faults. If the Chair, DGS and PhD supervisor are not in agreement concerning the course of action, the case will be forwarded to the Graduate Affairs Committee, which will make a final decision on the case (policy approved by Faculty March 3, 2008).
The selection of Associate Instructors is based upon academic background and performance, professional promise, departmental needs and teaching qualifications. Students with more than one incomplete on their record at the application deadline will not be considered for an AI position. Reappointment is not automatic but dependent upon annual appropriation, maintaining a superior grade average, normal progress toward a graduate degree, and satisfactory performance in the classroom. Other than the 'returning-from-the field' year, students in their fourth year and beyond are ranked lower for AI support. 'Returning-from-the-field' doctoral candidates, i.e. students who are in the writing stage of their dissertations, are eligible to apply for one further year of support provided that they have applied for two non-departmental sources of support for their dissertation write-up year. Copies of these applications must accompany the AI application. Application forms for departmental AIships are available on OnCourse and must be submitted no later than February 15 for the following summer sessions and academic year. Applicants will receive notification as soon as possible after the department budget has been set; this date varies from year to year. The department has a formal statement of Policies and Criteria for Awarding Associate Instructorships produced at the end of this document. All appointees are responsible for reading, understanding and abiding by AI policies.
Assistantships in the Human Relations Area Files (HRAF) are also available (about $8,520 + fee remission). Application for HRAFs is part of your Departmental AI application; there is no separate application. Individuals awarded these assistantships are charged with the responsibility of supervising the use of HRAF materials in the Main Library and assisting those who wish to use them.
Departmental Fee Scholarships are available to a limited number of students and they are strictly tied to appointments such as Associate Instructorships and Graduate Assistantships. Graduate students are eligible for a fee scholarship award if appointed with at least a 37.5% FTE and if they are in good standing (i.e., 3.50 grade point average, no more than one incomplete, and an acceptable evaluation from the student review committee). Fee Scholarships are for up to 12 hours per semester. If a Fee Scholarship is awarded for both semesters of an academic year, an additional total of 6 hours is given for the following summer.
The University offers a special six-hour research course, G901 Advanced Research, for students who have already enrolled in at least 90 graduate credit hours. Students enrolling in G901 must be doctoral students who have been admitted to candidacy. G901 is offered for a flat fee of $150 per semester and for a maximum of six semesters.
Graduate Research Assistantships are available at Indiana University's ACT (Anthropological Center for Training and Research on Global Environmental Change). Stipends were $14,500 for ten months plus tuition in 2010. Graduate assistants will have funds for one to two summers of field research in the Amazon (or Yucatan) as part of an interdisciplinary U.S./Brazilian (or Mexican) team led by the Director of ACT. Applicants will be able to develop their own dissertation topics on aspects of the broad issues addressed by the Amazon and Yucatan projects. Interested applicants should write to Director, ACT, Student Building 331, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405. Or call 812-855-6181, fax 812-855-3000.
Financial assistance is sometimes available to anthropology graduate students through the Glenn Black Laboratory of Archaeology, the I.U. Museum, the Institute for Sex Research, and indirectly through faculty research grants.
Advanced graduate students occasionally find employment teaching undergraduate courses in the Collins Living Learning Center, the School of Continuing Studies, the School of Education, and departments such as Anatomy, Afro-American Studies, Biology, Folklore, or Criminal Justice in Bloomington as well as on one of our regional campuses. However, the need to provide teaching opportunities for as many students as possible will preclude a student accepting simultaneous teaching positions at more than one campus.
The University Graduate School offers a number of fellowships, including those immediately following this paragraph. The department sends out reminders of award deadlines, but deadlines and application protocols for College and University Graduate School fellowships are set by those units, not anthropology. Students should consult the College (http://college.indiana.edu/graduate/office/awards.shtml) and Graduate School (http://www.indiana.edu/~grdschl/internal-awards.php) websites for the most up to date information.
The Educational Opportunity Fellowship (EOF) is meant to enable promising students who are first generation college graduates and who do not fare well in conventional competition for graduate fellowships.
The Future Faculty Teaching Fellowships (FFTF) is directed at advanced IU Bloomington doctoral and MFA students to enhance their career preparation by experiencing faculty life in another academic environment; most fellowships are in Indiana, but some few are in other states.
The Esther Kinsley Master's Thesis Award is awarded to students have completed a Master's Thesis during the previous academic year; one $1,500 award.
The Esther Kinsley Ph.D. Dissertation Award is awarded to students who have completed their Ph.D. degree during the previous academic year; there is one $5,000 award.
The Indiana University Credit Union Dissertation Fellowship provides a $20,000 stipend for graduate students in the final year of their dissertation writing. Students in anthropology receive an email each year notifying them of the award application procedure and the deadline. There is more information at http://www.indiana.edu/~grdschl/pdf/IU_Credit_Union_Fellowship.pdf. Please do not contact the IUCU, but rather the University Graduate School (812/855-8853, firstname.lastname@example.org) for more information.
The Wells Graduate Fellowship is awarded to one doctoral or M.F.A. student who exemplifies the characteristics of Chancellor Wells; single-year award of $33,000 that must be used the year it is granted.
The Howard University Future Faculty Teaching Fellowship allows advanced doctoral students to spend one year on the HU campus working as a visiting faculty member. The fellowship provides a stipend of $20,000 to be used to pay housing and living expenses in Washington, DC and to cover the cost of IUB tuition and fees. The deadline for applications is in mid-January. Email email@example.com for information on applying.
The Santosh Jain Endowed Memorial Scholarship offers financial support to a current international graduate student who has demonstrated commitment to service and education; who plans to pursue a service-oriented career; and who demonstrates financial need. Preference will be given to graduate students from South Asia, in particular those hailing from India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Sikkim.
The Grant in Aid of Doctoral Research is available to advanced Bloomington graduate students for unusual research expenses incurred in connection with doctoral dissertation research; maximum one $1,000 award. Examples of such expenses include travel to special libraries or laboratories, payments to consultants, specialized equipment, and duplication of vital materials needed for writing the dissertation. Expenses that are no supported include typing and duplicating of dissertations, normal living expenses, routine laboratory supplies, and computers.
Foreign Language Area Studies fellowships provide graduate students with a $15,000 academic year stipend, plus maximum tuition award of 12 credit hours per semester. They also provide automatic enrollment in the graduate student health insurance plan with the cost of the student premium paid by the fellowship. These applications are submitted through the appropriate area studies offices such as African Studies, Latin American Studies, West European Studies, Russian and East European Studies, Central Eurasian Studies, and East Asian Languages and Cultures. FLAS on-line applications and further information can be found at http://www.indiana.edu/~flas.
The Graduate Division of the College of Arts and Sciences offers several fellowships for graduate students in the College. These fellowships are described below, but see you can also find detailed information at http://college.indiana.edu/graduate/office/awards.shtml. As with other opportunities, the department will make every effort to notify students of deadlines and other application information.
The John H. Edwards Fellowship is one of Indiana University's most prestigious academic awards. The College nominates up to three candidates per year for a national competition. Candidates are expected to display superior scholastic ability and intellectual capacity, and good citizenship and character, including attitude toward Indiana University and community service as demonstrated by actual service.
The Dolores Zohrab Liebmann Fellowship covers the cost of tuition, includes a stipend, and is renewable for a maximum of three years. The College is eligible to nominate three graduate students who have outstanding undergraduate records, demonstrated a need for financial assistance and are citizens of the United States.
The 2011 College of Arts & Sciences Dissertation Year Research Fellowship funds students who are in the final writing stages of their dissertation, and provides support for a year.
The College hosts a Travel Award competition; see below for more information.
Graduate work-study awards depend on financial need. Some of these GWS positions carry a tuition fee remission. If you fill out a FASFA form with the Office of Student Financial Assistance (OSFA) you may be declared eligible for hire for a Graduate Work Study assistantship.
Announcements job opportunities and other matters relevant to graduate students are posted as received on the departmental bulletin board in the Graduate/Faculty lounge (SB 137) and sent to the Anthropology graduate students mailing list. Students are responsible for knowledge of the content of official notices posted on these boards. Students are also advised to check their Departmental mailboxes regularly, since many notices and messages are conveyed by this means, as well as by Email and the Internet.
The Department of Anthropology awards a limited number of summer grants to graduate students under our Skomp Summer Feasibility Study award program. The competition is open to students in all subfields. The Graduate Affairs Committee critically reviews grants, but it is expected that every well-conceived dissertation research plan will be funded. Skomp grants are meant to enable students to undertake a feasibility or study that will test the methods and approaches they plan to use for their dissertation research, and that the feasibility study will be conducted prior to beginning dissertation research. The application procedures and accounting for the awards are designed to give students practice in all aspects of grant preparation and reporting. Well-conceived pilot studies are expected to produce data that can form the basis of grant proposals. If any dissertation data or information is to be collected from human subjects/informants during the course of this research, prior clearance from the Bloomington Committee for the Protection of Human Subjects is required. Students interested in applying for these awards should consider the following:
- The grants are for a minimum of eight weeks of feasibility study. Usually, they are not to fund Ph.D. research but rather the feasibility of carrying out the Ph.D. fieldwork. The one exception to this is that these grants may be used to fund Ph.D. research in North America, in which case the student applying for Anthropology Department support must include a copy of a grant application to an external agency that would fully or partially fund the proposed research. Note: Language training is not supported by these grants.
- The maximum grant is $3,000 but normally they will be less than this amount. Students are normally awarded only a single feasibility grant, but should the dissertation project prove infeasible, or should circumstances beyond the student's control change so that the dissertation project becomes untenable, a second award may be granted. No student will receive more than $6,000 total, nor will any student be funded for more than two summers. Students whose research is in North America are an exception; they are eligible for a second award to gather their dissertation data.
- Assessment will include a consideration of the student's academic record and progress towards a degree.
- Award will depend on whether the proposal describes a dissertation topic that is well developed enough that a summer's work will both test methods and prove a foundation for further work, including a grant proposal.
A. In 2-3 pages, provide brief narrative answers to the following questions:
1) What is the focus of your investigation and your goal for the summer?
(Be sure to mention the location of your investigation.)
2) Briefly discuss the major scholarly literature on your topic (mention at least several scholars whose work is relevant), and suggest how you hope to contribute to the discipline of anthropology.
3) What are your proposed methodologies for conducting your feasibility study?
4) How will you investigate the feasibility of your project?
5) Explain what contacts, arrangements, or on-the-ground knowledge you already have, and how you will initiate your investigation.
B. Complete the questions below that do not require full sentences.
1) What language skills do you have that are relevant to your research?
2) What permissions do you have or need?
3) What transportation is available that you can use?
4) Who is your advisor? Has he or she read and approved this and written a recommendation?
5) BUDGET (itemize and explain)
C. HUMAN SUBJECTS, ANIMAL CARE, BIOSAFETY
The Department of Anthropology requires that you obtain approvals from the appropriate institutional boards before you are awarded funds for a summer feasibility study. This includes the Human Subjects Committee at IRB@iu.edu, the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at BIACUC@indiana.edu, and the Institutional Biosafety Committee at IUBIBC@indiana.edu.
Exception: If your research does not involve human subjects, or archives of human subjects, animals or any biological materials, you probably constitute an exception, but you should check with the Director of Graduate Studies (DGS) or a member of the Graduate Affairs Committee to make certain. Some archaeology students will constitute an exception, but not all.
If you need further information and assistance, contact the DGS or a member of the Graduate Affairs Committee, or go online to http://www.researchadmin.iu.edu/cs.html. Once your approval is obtained, contact the DGS with protocol approval numbers and expiration dates.
Deadline: March 1. Awards will be conferred by the Graduate Affairs Committee and announced approximately a month after the deadline.
Requirements after money is awarded
Students who receive summer grants will be expected to: (1) write regularly to their Academic Advisor, (2) prepare a brief written report of the summer activities, and (3) prepare a financial accounting of the money. The written report and financial accounting will be sent to the Chair within six weeks of the student's return to campus.
The Department sponsors two teaching awards, each worth $500, for outstanding Associate Instructors. Award winners will be selected from among all AI's, both those working with a faculty member as a discussion leader, reader, grader, etc., and AI's teaching a stand-alone course, i.e. A105, E105, B301, etc. For the former AI's, the award will be based upon a letter of nomination from the faculty member and student evaluations of the AI's teaching. In the case where an AI is teaching his or her own course, the initiative for consideration will be self-nomination by the AI. Evaluation will be based upon a one-page statement of teaching philosophy, a course syllabus and student evaluations of the AI's teaching. These awards will be announced before the end of the semester so they will consider AI's who teach the Spring semester of one academic year and the Fall semester of the next year. The deadline for faculty or self-nomination is April 1.
The David Bidney Graduate Paper Prize
A prize of $200.00 will be awarded for the best paper written by a graduate student for a regular course during the previous academic year. Graduate students or faculty in Anthropology may submit one paper per student to the Graduate Affairs Committee for the competition. Papers will be judged according to the following criteria: (1) originality of the main idea and content, (2) organization and lucidity of the argument, (3) readability and stylistic qualities, (4) scholarly presentation, and (5) contribution to anthropological knowledge. The deadline for submission will be in April. Papers should conform to the style of the American Anthropologist.
The Harold K. Schneider Graduate Paper Prize in Economic Anthropology
A prize of $200.00 will be awarded for the best paper in Economic Anthropology written by an anthropology graduate student during the academic year. The award is to be used for attending any meeting of a regional or national scholarly society. Papers can be theoretical or topical, and should make an original contribution to anthropological knowledge in Economic Anthropology defined broadly. Papers from any subfield of Anthropology that have substantial economic anthropological content will be considered. The use of original fieldwork data is not necessary, so students at all stages of their graduate career may submit entries. Papers should be from 15 to 35 pages, including bibliography. The deadline for submission will be in April.
The Graduate Division Office of the College of Arts and Sciences (COLL) offers Graduate Student Travel Fund awards of $100 – $300. To apply for funds, students must complete a Graduate Student Travel Support Application online. Departments may nominate up to three students for these awards. Those applicants who do not receive College awards normally receive department awards, depending on the availability of funds. Student who will attend and present at more than one conference can apply for the departmental awards for the additional conferences by filling out a paper application with the department.
POLICIES AND CRITERIA
FOR AWARDING ASSOCIATE INSTRUCTORSHIPS (AIs)
These criteria do not apply to Summer appointments.
The Guide for Graduate Students in Anthropology describes a general model of our graduate program in which students complete their course work and take their Qualifying Examinations in three years, spend about a year doing sponsored research, and write their dissertations during the fifth year. Accordingly, the department policy calls for funding non-Fellowship PhD students for no more than two years before they have taken their Qualifying Examination and completed the data collection for their dissertations. (Note: this is not a guarantee of support for two years but an indication of eligibility). Students are eligible for an additional year of support during the dissertation write-up year. To be eligible for selection as an AI, students must be in good standing (i.e., 3.50 grade point average, no more than one incomplete, and an acceptable evaluation from the student review committee) on the application deadline. Based on the limited funds available to the Department, the following groups are prioritized in descending order for receiving financial support.
1. Students to whom a commitment of multi-year support has been made by the Department and who have made satisfactory progress as stated in their Fellowship offer, i.e., Women in Science, McNair Fellowships. Students in this group must complete an AI application in their second and subsequent years of support.
2. PhD Candidates who have completed the data-collection phase of their research and are writing their dissertation. Support is limited to one year, i.e. two semesters. Students in this group are required to apply for support from two non-departmental sources and to submit copies of those applications with their AI application. Students returning from the field are not guaranteed high priority for Summer Als.
3. Students in their second and third year of course work. We make every effort to provide as many opportunities as possible for students in this group to serve as Als. Priority within this group is given to third year students who have not previously received departmental funding.
4. Fourth year students and others who fall outside of the three year model. Priority in this group is given to fourth year students who have not previously received departmental funding.
When the Admissions and Awards Committee selects applicants according to these priorities, there are two, sometimes competing, criteria: a) an evaluation of the student's performance and potential, and b) a consideration of his her potential teaching ability or teaching experience. The Awards Committee reviews each of the applications and supporting documents and makes appointments and alternate lists based upon a collective judgment. The needs of the Department occasionally compel us to modify the above priority groupings. For example, when no other AI applicant possesses the appropriate training and experience to teach certain autonomous courses, we sometimes appoint advanced graduate students whose eligibility has expired.
In addition to Als, the Anthropology Department awards a position at the Human Relations Area Files (HRAF).
Students who are offered an SAA in the department and who have also received a comparable Fellowship or SAA offer from another source (e.g. FLAS, GBL, ACT, AlSRI, etc.) are required to accept those awards in lieu of Anthropology Department support. Students who receive Student Academic Appointments (SAA) are required to commit their full effort (other than duties required by the SAA) toward degree requirements and are not allowed to hold any other teaching or research appointment. As stated by IU's SAA guide (page 9) "FTE Students are usually appointed at 50% FTE (20 contact hours per week). Prior permission must be obtained from the Vice Provost for Faculty and Academic Affairs for any appointments at a higher FTE percentage, which is normally limited to a maximum of 75%. This applies to any supplemental payments and additional academic appointments as well; i.e., when the total FTE percentage of all appointments combined exceeds 50%. Requests for exceptions must be addressed to the Vice Provost for Faculty and Academic Affairs Office and must be accompanied by a statement from the graduate student's major faculty advisor endorsing the exception." The Vice Provost for Faculty and Academic Affairs, which oversees SAAs, considers that this restriction applies not only to positions at IUB, but to positions at IUPUI, Ivy Tech or any other academic institution. However, they are generous in granting exceptions, when the exception is requested by the student's PhD committee chair and supported by the Graduate Affairs Committee. In short, we expect that most requests for exceptions to this 'no-outside-jobs' restriction will be granted, but the Vice Provost's office must be consulted.
All students receiving outside support of any kind are required to notify the Anthropology Department of the award they have received. A student may lose their priority status for future funding in the department if it is found that s/he is holding more than one fellowship or SAA (under special circumstances a student's advisor may petition the Graduate Affairs Committee for a waiver.) The goal in this policy is to ensure that every student has the opportunity to teach in the anthropology department during their graduate career; to encourage students to focus attention on fulfilling the requirements for the PhD, and to provide good quality teaching in the department.
All SAAs should keep in mind that appointments typically are 0.5 appointments, requiring 20 hours of work a week.