Video Archives: Miron Endelshtein
born in Bolgrad , 1925
Miron Endelshtein was born in 1925 in Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy (formerly Akerman, Bessarabia). He spoke extensively about his service in the Red Army during the war, in which he used the name Mironov, so that people wouldn't know he was Jewish.
Current Video: the Bolhrad Massacre
Miron Endelshtein speaks in this clip about Bolhrad's perhaps darkest chapter in the town's history: the massacre of one thousand Jews in the local synagogue in 1938. The ethnically Bulgarian city came under Romanian rule after World War I. The Goga-Cuza government came into office in 1937 and made antisemitism a state policy. 220,000 Jews were stripped of Romanian citizenship. When Miron returned to his childhood town, after his demobilization from the Red Army in 1945, the synagogue was turned into a church.